Basic configuration for a slim framework

2.26.08 2024-02-27 09:09 UTC


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This module is intended to help with the creation of a Slim based framework application.


Add these lines to your composer.json and run composer.phar update:

    "require": {
       "eappointment/zmsslim": dev-main


The idea of this tool is based on implementing a slim framework in a way that the route bindings can be adjusted at any time without having to change the module. This repo should be integrated into your project via composer and initialized in the bootstrap.php of your project.

A global class \App is configured, which can be used to access a Slim instance.

Access to Slim

It is possible to access Slim via \App::$slim. We do not recommend a direct access if possible.

To render output to view use the class BO\Slim\Render in which functions like withHtml() and withJson() are provided for example.

To render a route:

use BO\Slim\Render;

class MyController extends BaseController
    public function readResponse(
        \Psr\Http\Message\RequestInterface $request,
        \Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface $response,
        array $args
    ) {
        $data = fetchMyDataById($args['id']);
        if (amIWrongHere($data)) {
            return Render::redirect('myotherroute', $args);

        $request = $this->initRequest($request);
        $noCacheResponse = \BO\Slim\Render::withLastModified($response, time(), '0');
        return $this->readResponse($request, $noCacheResponse, $args);
        return Render::withHtml(
                'data' => $data

Define a Basecontroller to initiate/prepare the request with multilingualism, if this is set in the configuration (Application.php). Also, the cache time of the response can be set here.

use BO\Slim\Render;

abstract class BaseController extends \BO\Slim\Controller
    public function __invoke(RequestInterface $request, ResponseInterface $response, array $args)
        $request = $this->initRequest($request);
        $noCacheResponse = Render::withLastModified($response, time(), '0');
        return $this->readResponse($request, $noCacheResponse, $args);

    public function readResponse(RequestInterface $request, ResponseInterface $response, array $args)
        return parent::__invoke($request, $response, $args);


To activate multilingualism set MULTILANGUAGE to true. You can do this in config.php (recommended) or by default in Application.php.

There is a Symfony based translation class which can use different loaders for the translation files. In our case "json" and "pofile" can be used. The usage is defined by the variable $languagesource.

In the variable $supportedLanguages the individual languages are defined, which are to be offered in the application. The default language must always be defined, even if multilingualism is not to be used.

    const MULTILANGUAGE = true;
    public static $languagesource = 'json';

    public static $language = null;

    public static $supportedLanguages = array(
        // Default language
        'de' => array(
            'name'    => 'Deutsch',
            'locale'  => 'de_DE',
            'default' => true,
        'en' => array(
            'name'    => 'English',
            'locale'  => 'en_GB',
            'default' => false,

The translation files are stored in the "lang" folder in the root directory. These must correspond to the format "locale.filetype". "locale" is the "locale" value, which is stored in the "$supportedLanguage" array. For example:


json example:

  "languageswitch": {
    "title": "language",
    "choose": "choose language",
    "languages": {
      "de": "Deutsch",
      "en": "English"



po example:

msgid "title"
msgstr "language"

msgid "choose"
msgstr "choose language"

msgid "de"
msgstr "Deutsch"

msgid "en"
msgstr "English"


We use Monolog for logging. This logger implements the PSR3 standard.

<?php \App::$log->debug("My message", array($var1, $var2));

Bootstrap and configuration

First, you should implement your own class Application as follows:



namespace `BO\MyApp

class Application extends \BO\Slim\Application

The application class contains the default settings for your application. The configuration is specific to your instance and should not be checked into your VCS:



class App extends \BO\MyApplication
    const SLIM_DEBUG = true;
    const TEMPLATE_PATH = '/templates/';
    const DEBUG = false;

The initialization of your system is done in the bootstrap script:


// @codingStandardsIgnoreFile

// Define the application path as a single global constant
define("APP_PATH", realpath(__DIR__));

// use the autoloading provided by composer, see composer.json for path settings
require(APP_PATH . '/vendor/autoload.php');

// initialization of the static \App singleton
require(APP_PATH . '/config.php');

// set options for environment, routing, logging and templating

// Load routing
require(\App::APP_PATH . '/routing.php');

Routing is done in a special top-level routing script. We recommend using a single file for easy searching of available routes. Implement no or little logic in your routing, use references to existing classes:



/* ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * html routes
 * -------------------------------------------------------------------------*/


/* ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * maintenance
 * -------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

\App::$slim->get('/healthcheck/', \BO\MyApp\Healthcheck::class)

\App::$slim->getContainer()->offsetSet('notFoundHandler', function ($container) {
    return function (RequestInterface $request, ResponseInterface $response) {
        return \BO\Slim\Render::withHtml($response, 'page/404.twig');

\App::$slim->getContainer()->offsetSet('errorHandler', function ($container) {
    return new \BO\MyApp\Handler\TwigExceptionHandler($container);
\App::$slim->getContainer()->offsetSet('phpErrorHandler', function ($container) {
    return new \BO\MyApp\Handler\TwigExceptionHandler($container);

Finally, you need an index.php. This should be located in a subdirectory called public.


// Do not add any functionality here

For nice URLs you need a .htaccess file if you use an Apache2 webserver:


    RewriteEngine On
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^_
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
    RewriteRule ^ /index.php [QSA,L]

Twig integration

Our implementation of Slim uses Twig as the templating engine. There are two options for configuration in the bootsrap file:

    \BO\Slim\Bootstrap::addTwigExtension(new \BO\MyApp\TwigExtension());
    \BO\Slim\Bootstrap::addTwigTemplateDirectory('dldb', APP_PATH . '/vendor/bo/clientdldb/templates');

Twig allows the use of multiple template directories. To add a template directory, you can use the addTwigTemplateDirectory function. The first argument is a namespace, the second argument is a path to a directory. To access a template in a different path, use a syntax like this:

{% include "@namepace/templatename.twig" %}

To extend Twig's capabilities, you can define your own functions. Use the function addTwigExtension() to add an extension. The first argument should be of type \Slim\Views\TwigExtension.

We implement a few predefined functions available in the Twig templates:


    public function urlGet($name, $params = array(), $getparams = array(), $appName = 'default')

Creates a URL for linking a defined route. It allows adding GET parameters to the URL.

  • name String - name of the route, see routing.php.
  • params Array - list of parameters for routes defined like "name" in "/user/:name/detail".
  • getparams Array - list of parameters to add, like "name" in "/myuri?name=dummy"
  • appName String - see slim documentation, not supported.


    public function csvProperty($list, $property)

Allows extracting a property as a csv from a list of arrays. For example, if you have a list of entities and need the IDs as parameters for a URL.

  • List Array - Array to extract the property from. Property String - name of the property to be extracted


    public function azPrefixList($list, $property)

To create A-Z lists, you need to group a list by a property.

  • list array - array from which the property is extracted.
  • property String - name of the property by which the list should be grouped, first character.


    public function isValueInArray($value, $params)

Checks if a value is a CSV. Helpful in combination with csvProperty.

  • value String - value to check for.
  • params String - Comma separated values


    public static function remoteInclude($uri)

Includes a remote HTML file in your code. If the configuration setting ESI_ENABLED is true, it will output a <esi:include src="$uri" />.

  • uri String - URL to include in the template.