Serve and manage files using a GraphQL API

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Last update: 2022-06-29 01:26:36 UTC


To build your application you probably need images, video's or maybe even a presentation too. The GraphQL Media Service handles all those media assets and centralizes them so you can find your content just the way you like it: fast and efficiently.

  • Single endpoint to upload your files trough a API.
  • GraphQL Object for files to get details and download url.
  • Public and Private files using signed urls
  • Direct relations between files and entities


Install using composer:

composer require graphql-media-service

How its works?


The following steps assume you have a configured GraphQLAPI using graphql-bundle.

Add the following config in your config.yml


    class: AppBundle\Entity\File
    default_storage: public_files
              dir_name: "%kernel.root_dir%/../public/uploads"
              base_url: 'http://example.com/uploads'

For performance reasons public files are served directly thought the http server, then the base_url must be a valid public accessible folder where the files are located.

Create a new entity File

namespace AppBundle\Entity;

use Doctrine\ORM\Mapping as ORM;
use Ynlo\GraphQLBundle\Annotation as GraphQL;
use Ynlo\GraphQLMediaService\Model\AbstractFile;

 * @ORM\Entity()
 * @ORM\Table()
 * @GraphQL\ObjectType()
class File extends AbstractFile


At this point you must have a mutation called uploadFile in your graphql schema, see graphql-multipart-request-spec for details of using multipart form data to upload files.

Assign uploaded files to existent object

Upload files to the server is only the first step, you must able to link that files to existent objects. For example link a uploaded photo to the user profile.

Create a field to store the relation on a existent entity:

 * @ORM\Entity()
 * @ORM\Table()
 * @GraphQL\ObjectType()
class Profile implements NodeInterface
 * @var File
 * @ORM\OneToOne(targetEntity="AppBundle\Entity\File", orphanRemoval=true)
 * @GraphQL\Expose()
 * @MediaService\AttachFile()
protected $photo;

Note the annotation @MediaService\AttachFile() is required on properties linked to Files in order to resolve some parameters like the url in runtime.

@TODO ...