PSR-11 compatible injector. Executes a callable and makes an instances by injecting dependencies from a given DI container.

1.2.0 2023-12-20 09:39 UTC



Yii Injector

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A dependency injection implementation based on autowiring and PSR-11 compatible dependency injection containers.


  • Injects dependencies when calling functions and creating objects
  • Works with any dependency injection container (DIC) that is PSR-11 compatible
  • Accepts additional dependencies and arguments passed as array
  • Allows passing arguments by parameter name in the array
  • Resolves object type dependencies from the container and the passed array by parameter type declaration
  • Resolves variadic arguments i.e. function (MyClass ...$a)


  • PHP 7.4 or higher.


The package could be installed with composer:

composer require yiisoft/injector


Injector can automatically resolve and inject dependencies when calling functions and creating objects.

It therefore uses Reflection to analyze the parameters of the function to call, or the constructor of the class to instantiate and then tries to resolve all arguments by several strategies.

The main purpose is to find dependency objects - that is arguments of type object that are declared with a classname or an interface - in a (mandatory) PSR-11 compatible dependency injection container (DIC). The container must therefore use the class or interface name as ID.

In addition, an array with arguments can be passed that will also be scanned for matching dependencies. To make things really flexible (and not limited to objects), arguments in that array can optionally use a function parameter name as key. This way basically any callable can be invoked and any object be instantiated by the Injector even if it uses a mix of object dependencies and arguments of other types.

Basic Example

use Yiisoft\Injector\Injector;

// A function to call
$fn = function (\App\Foo $a, \App\Bar $b, int $c) { /* ... */ };

// Arbitrary PSR-11 compatible object container
$container = new \some\di\Container([
    'App\Foo' => new Foo(), // will be used as $a

// Prepare the injector
$injector = new Injector($container);

// Use the injector to call the function and resolve dependencies
$result = $injector->invoke($fn, [
    'c' => 15,  // will be used as $c
    new Bar(),  // will be used as $b

Caching reflection objects

Enable caching of reflection objects to improve performance by calling withCacheReflections(true):

use Yiisoft\Injector\Injector;

$injector = (new Injector($container))

By default, caching is disabled.



Unit testing

The package is tested with PHPUnit. To run tests:


Mutation testing

The package tests are checked with Infection mutation framework with Infection Static Analysis Plugin. To run it:


Static analysis

The code is statically analyzed with Psalm. To run static analysis:



The Yii Injector is free software. It is released under the terms of the BSD License. Please see LICENSE for more information.

Maintained by Yii Software.

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