mmucklo/queue-bundle

Symfony2/3/4 Queue Bundle (for background jobs) supporting Mongo (Doctrine ODM), Mysql (and any Doctrine ORM), RabbitMQ, Beanstalkd, Redis, and ... {write your own}

4.3.1 2018-01-23 07:07 UTC

README

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Allow symfony developers to create background job as easily as: $worker->later()->process(1,2,3)

4.0 Release (Happy 2018!)

See changes

Upgrading from 3.0: see UPGRADING-4.0.md

Supported Queues

  • MongoDB via Doctrine-ODM
  • Mysql / Doctrine 2 supported databases via Doctrine-ORM
  • Beanstalkd via pheanstalk
  • RabbitMQ via php-amqplib
  • (New in 4.0!) Redis support via Predis or PhpRedis

Introduction

This bundle provides a way to easily create queued background jobs

  • Kickoff background tasks with just a few lines of code
  • Add background worker services to your application with very little effort
    • Turn any code into background task with a few lines
  • Atomic operation for jobs
  • (New in 4.0!) Auto-retry on failure
  • Command to run and debug jobs from console
  • ORM and ODM managers have built-in job-archival for finished jobs
  • Logs errors from worker
  • Various safety checks for things such as stalled jobs, exception jobs
    • Allows for reseting stalled and exception jobs via console commands
  • Admin interface with an optional performance graph

Trends

Installation

Symfony 2/3

see /Resources/doc/symfony2-3.md

Symfony 4

see /Resources/doc/symfony4.md

Usage

Create a worker class that will work on the background job.

Example:

  • src/Worker/FibonacciWorker.php: (symfony 4)
  • src/AppBundle/Worker/FibonacciWorker.php: (symfony 2/3)
<?php
namespace App\Worker; // for symfony 2/3, the namespace would typically be AppBundle\Worker

class FibonacciWorker
    extends \Dtc\QueueBundle\Model\Worker
{
    private $filename;
    public function __construct() {
        $this->filename = '/tmp/fib-result.txt';
    }

    public function fibonacciFile($n) {
        $feb = $this->fibonacci($n);
        file_put_contents($this->filename, "{$n}: {$feb}");
    }


    public function fibonacci($n)
    {
        if($n == 0)
            return 0; //F0
        elseif ($n == 1)
            return 1; //F1
        else
            return $this->fibonacci($n - 1) + $this->fibonacci($n - 2);
    }

    public function getName() {
        return 'fibonacci';
    }

    public function getFilename()
    {
        return $this->filename;
    }
}

Create a DI service for the job, and tag it as a background worker.

YAML:

Symfony 4 and 3.3, 3.4:

services:
    # for symfony 3 the class name would likely be AppBundle\Worker\FibonacciWorker
    App\Worker\FibonacciWorker:
        # public: false is possible if you completely use DependencyInjection for access to the service
        public: true
        tags:
            - { name: "dtc_queue.worker" }

Symfony 2, and 3.0, 3.1, 3.2:

services:
    app.worker.fibonacci:
        class: AppBundle\Worker\FibonacciWorker:
        tags:
            - { name: "dtc_queue.worker" }
XML:
<services>
	<!-- ... -->
	<service id="fibonacci_worker" class="FibonacciWorker">
	    <tag name="dtc_queue.worker" />
	</service>
	<!-- ... -->
</services>

Create a job

// Dependency inject the worker or fetch it from the container
$fibonacciWorker = $container->get('App\Worker\FibonacciWorker');

// For Symfony 3.3, 3.4
//     $fibonacciWorker = $container->get('AppBundle\Worker\FibonacciWorker');
//

// For Symfony 2, 3.0, 3.1, 3.2:
//     $fibonacciWorker = $container->get('app.worker.fibonacci'); 


// Basic Examples
$fibonacciWorker->later()->fibonacci(20);
$fibonacciWorker->later()->fibonacciFile(20);

// Batch Example
$fibonacciWorker->batchLater()->fibonacci(20); // Batch up runs into a single run

// Timed Example
$fibonacciWorker->later(90)->fibonacci(20); // Run 90 seconds later

// Priority
//    Note: whether 1 == High or Low priority is configurable, but by default it is High
$fibonacciWorker->later(0, 1); // As soon as possible, High priority
$fibonacciWorker->later(0, 125); // Medium priority
$fibonacciWorker->later(0, 255); // Low priority

// Advanced Usage Example:
//  (If the job is not processed by $expireTime, then don't execute it ever...)
$expireTime = time() + 3600;
$fibonacciWorker->later()->setExpiresAt(new \DateTime("@$expireTime"))->fibonacci(20); // Must be run within the hour or not at all
bin/console dtc:queue:create fibonacci fibonacci 20

Running jobs

It's recommended that you background the following console commands

bin/console dtc:queue:run -d 120
# the -d parameter is a tunable seconds during which to process jobs
#  For example you could put this command into cron or a cron-like system to run periodically
#
# There are a number of other parameters that could be passed to dtc:queue:run run this for a full list:
bin/console dtc:queue:run --help
    
# If you're running a MongoDB or ORM based job store, run these periodically:
#
bin/console dtc:queue:prune old --older 1m
# (deletes jobs older than one month from the Archive table)

# May be needed if jobs stall out
bin/console dtc:queue:prune stalled

# If you're recording runs...this is recommended:
bin/console dtc:queue:prune stalled_runs

# If you're recording runs...another recommendation
bin/console dtc:queue:prune old_runs --older 1m

# If you're recording timings
bin/console dtc:queue:prune old_job_timings --older 1m


# You can tune 1m to a smaller interval such as 10d (10 days) or even 1800s (1/2 hour)
#  if you have too many jobs flowing through the system.   

For debugging

bin/console dtc:queue:count # some status about the queue if available (ODM/ORM only)
bin/console dtc:queue:reset # resets errored and/or stalled jobs
bin/console dtc:queue:prune --help # lists other prune commands
bin/console dtc:queue:run --id={jobId}

(jobId could be obtained from mongodb / or your database, if using an ORM / ODM solution)

Tracking Runs

Each runs can be tracked in a table in an ORM / ODM backed datastore.

Ways to configure: app/config/config.yml: (symfony 2/3) config/packages/dtc_queue.yaml: (symfony 4)

dtc_queue:
    manager:
        # run defaults to whatever job is set to (which defaults to "odm", i.e. mongodb)
        #   If you set the job to rabbit_mq, or beanstalkd or something else, you need to set run
        #   to an ORM / ODM run_manager (or a custom such one) in order to get the runs to save
        #
        run: orm # other possible option is "odm" (i.e. mongodb)
    #
    # (optionally define your own run manager with id: dtc_queue.manager.run.{some_name} and put {some_name} under run:

MongoDB DocumentManager

Change the document manager

app/config/config.yml: (symfony 2/3) config/packages/dtc_queue.yaml: (symfony 4)

dtc_queue:
    odm:
        document_manager: {something} # default is "default"

Mysql / ORM Setup

As of 4.0, ORM requires the bcmath extension to be enabled

app/config/config.yml: (symfony 2/3) config/packages/dtc_queue.yaml: (symfony 4)

dtc_queue:
    manager:
       job: orm

Change the EntityManager:

dtc_queue:
    orm:
        entity_manager: {something} # default is "default"

NOTE: You may need to add DtcQueueBundle to your mappings section in config.yml if auto_mapping is not enabled

doctrine:
   #...
   orm:
       #...
       mappings:
           DtcQueueBundle: ~

Beanstalk Configuration

app/config/config.yml: (symfony 2/3) config/packages/dtc_queue.yaml: (symfony 4)

dtc_queue:
    beanstalkd:
        host: beanstalkd
        tube: some-tube-name [optional]
    manager:
        job: beanstalkd

RabbitMQ Configuration

app/config/config.yml: (symfony 2/3) config/packages/dtc_queue.yaml: (symfony 4)

dtc_queue:
    manager:
        job: rabbit_mq
    rabbit_mq:
        host: rabbitmq
        port: 5672
        user: guest
        password: guest
        vhost: "/" [optional defaults to "/"]
        ssl: [optional defaults to false - toggles to use AMQPSSLConnection]
        options: [optional options to pass to AMQPStreamConnection or AMQPSSLConnection]
        ssl_options: [optional extra ssl options to pass to AMQPSSLConnection]
        queue_args: [optional]
            queue: [optional queue name]
            passive: [optional defaults to false]
            durable: [optional defaults to true]
            exlusive: [optional defaults to false]
            auto_delete: [optional defaults to false]
        exchange_args: [optional]
            exchange: [optional queue name]
            type: [optional defaults to "direct"]
            passive: [optional defaults to false]
            durable: [optional defaults to true]
            auto_delete: [optional defaults to false]

Redis Configuration

app/config/config.yml: (symfony 2/3) config/packages/dtc_queue.yaml: (symfony 4)

dtc_queue:
    manager:
        job: redis
    redis:
        # choose one of the below snc_redis, predis, or phpredis
        snc_redis:
           type: predis
           alias: default
        predis:
            # choose one of dns or connection_parameters
            dsn: redis://localhost
            connection_parameters:
                scheme: tcp
                host: localhost
                port: 6379
                path: ~
                database: ~
                password: ~
                async: false
                persistent: false
                timeout: 5.0
                read_write_timeout: ~
                alias: ~
                weight: ~
                iterable_multibulk: false
                throw_errors: true
        phpredis:
            # minimum fill host and port if needed
            host: localhost
            port: 6379
            timeout: 0
            retry_interval: ~
            read_timeout: 0
            auth: ~

Custom Jobs and Managers

app/config/config.yml: (symfony 2/3) config/packages/dtc_queue.yaml: (symfony 4)

dtc_queue:
    class_job: Some\Job\ClassName [optional]
    manager:
        job: some_name [optional]
    # (create your own manager service and name or alias it:
    #   dtc_queue.manager.job.<some_name> and put
    #   <some_name> in the manager: job field above)

Rename the Database or Table Name

  1. Extend the following:
Dtc\QueueBundle\Document\Job
Dtc\QueueBundle\Document\JobArchive

or

Dtc\QueueBundle\Entity\Job
Dtc\QueueBundle\Entity\JobArchive

(Depending on whether you're using MongoDB or an ORM)

  1. Change the parameters on the class appropriately
<?php
namespace App\Entity; // Or whatever

use Dtc\QueueBundle\Entity\Job as BaseJob;
use Doctrine\ORM\Mapping as ORM;

/**
 * @ORM\Entity
 * @ORM\Table(name="job_some_other_name", indexes={@ORM\Index(name="job_crc_hash_idx", columns={"crcHash","status"}),
 *                  @ORM\Index(name="job_priority_idx", columns={"priority","whenAt"}),
 *                  @ORM\Index(name="job_when_idx", columns={"whenAt"}),
 *                  @ORM\Index(name="job_status_idx", columns={"status","whenAt"})})
 */
class Job extends BaseJob {
}

// ... similarly for Entity\JobArchive if necessary
<?php
namespace App\Document;

use Doctrine\ODM\MongoDB\Mapping\Annotations as ODM;
use Dtc\QueueBundle\Document\Job as BaseJob;

/**
 * @ODM\Document(db="my_db", collection="my_job_collection")
 */
class Job extends BaseJob
{
}

// ... similarly for Document\JobArchive if necessary
  1. Add the new class(es) to config.yml
# config.yml
# ...
dtc_queue:
    class_job: App\Entity\Job
    class_job_archive: App\Entity\JobArchive

Job Event Subscriber

It's useful to listen to event in a long running script to clear doctrine manger or send email about status of a job. To add a job event subscriber, create a new service with tag: dtc_queue.event_subscriber:

services:
    voices.queue.listener.clear_manager:
        class: ClearManagerSubscriber
        arguments:
            - '@service_container'
        tags:
            - { name: dtc_queue.event_subscriber, connection: default }

ClearManagerSubscriber.php

<?php
use Dtc\QueueBundle\EventDispatcher\Event;
use Dtc\QueueBundle\EventDispatcher\EventSubscriberInterface;
use Symfony\Component\DependencyInjection\ContainerInterface;

class ClearManagerSubscriber
    implements EventSubscriberInterface
{
    private $container;
    public function __construct(ContainerInterface $container) {
        $this->container = $container;
    }

    public function onPostJob(Event $event)
    {
        $managerIds = [
            'doctrine.odm.mongodb.document_manager',
            'doctrine.orm.default_entity_manager',
            'doctrine.orm.content_entity_manager'
        ];

        foreach ($managerIds as $id) {
            $manager = $this->container->get($id);
            $manager->clear();
        }
    }

    public static function getSubscribedEvents()
    {
        return array(
            Event::POST_JOB => 'onPostJob',
        );
    }
}

Running as upstart service:

  1. Create the following file in /etc/init/. PHP is terrible at memory management and garbage collection: to deal with out of memory issues, run 20 jobs at a time. (Or a manageable job size)
# /etc/init/queue.conf

author "David Tee"
description "Queue worker service, run 20 jobs at a time, process timeout of 3600"

respawn
start on startup

script
        /{path to}/console dtc:queue:run --max_count 20 -v -t 3600>> /var/logs/queue.log 2>&1
end script
  1. Reload config: sudo initctl reload-configuration
  2. Start the script: sudo start queue

Admin

You can register admin routes to see queue status. In your routing.yml file, add the following:

dtc_queue:
    resource: '@DtcQueueBundle/Resources/config/routing.yml'

Testing

You can run unittest by typing bin/phpunit in source folder. If you want to run integration testing with Mongodb, you need to set up Mongodb server on localhost and run:

bin/phpunit Tests/Document/JobManagerTest.php

If you want to run Beanstalkd integration testing, you need to run a local, empty instance of beanstalkd for testing.

sudo service beanstalkd restart; BEANSTALD_HOST=localhost bin/phpunit Tests/BeanStalkd/JobManagerTest.php

Full Configuration

See /Resources/doc/full-configuration.md

License

This bundle is under the MIT license (see LICENSE file under Resources/meta/LICENSE).

Credit

Originally written by @dtee Enhanced and maintained by @mmucklo