yiisoft/user

Convenient user identity management and access checking

1.0.1 2022-06-15 09:15 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2022-12-01 09:01:34 UTC


README

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Yii User


Latest Stable Version Total Downloads Build status Scrutinizer Code Quality Code Coverage Mutation testing badge static analysis type-coverage

The package handles user-related functionality:

  • Login and logout.
  • Getting currently logged in identity.
  • Changing current identity.
  • Access checking for current user.
  • Auto login based on identity from request attribute.
  • Auto login or "remember me" based on request cookie.

Requirements

  • PHP 7.4 or higher.
  • JSON PHP extension.

Installation

The package could be installed with composer:

composer require yiisoft/user --prefer-dist

General usage

This package is an addition to yiisoft/auth and provides additional functionality for interacting with user identity.

Working with identity

The CurrentUser class is responsible for login and logout, as well as for providing data about the current user identity.

/** 
 * @var \Psr\EventDispatcher\EventDispatcherInterface $eventDispatcher
 * @var \Yiisoft\Auth\IdentityRepositoryInterface $identityRepository
 */

$currentUser = new \Yiisoft\User\CurrentUser($identityRepository, $eventDispatcher);

If the user has not been logged in, then the current user is a guest:

$currentUser->getIdentity(); // \Yiisoft\User\Guest\GuestIdentity instance
$currentUser->getId(); // null
$currentUser->isGuest(); // bool

If you need to use a custom identity class to represent guest user, you should pass an instance of GuestIdentityFactoryInterface as a third optional parameter when creating CurrentUser:

/** 
 * @var \Psr\EventDispatcher\EventDispatcherInterface $eventDispatcher
 * @var \Yiisoft\Auth\IdentityRepositoryInterface $identityRepository
 * @var \Yiisoft\User\Guest\GuestIdentityFactoryInterface $guestIdentityFactory
 */

$currentUser = new \Yiisoft\User\CurrentUser($identityRepository, $eventDispatcher, $guestIdentityFactory);

Also, you can override an identity instance in runtime:

/** 
 * @var \Yiisoft\Auth\IdentityInterface $identity
 */

$currentUser->getIdentity(); // Original identity instance
$currentUser->overrideIdentity($identity);
$currentUser->getIdentity(); // Override identity instance
$currentUser->clearIdentityOverride();
$currentUser->getIdentity(); // Original identity instance

It can be useful to allow admin or developer to validate another user's problems.

Login and logout

There are two methods for login and logout:

/**
 * @var \Yiisoft\Auth\IdentityInterface $identity
 */

$currentUser->getIdentity(); // GuestIdentityInterface instance

if ($currentUser->login($identity)) {
    $currentUser->getIdentity(); // $identity
    // Some actions
}

if ($currentUser->logout()) {
    $currentUser->getIdentity(); // GuestIdentityInterface instance
    // Some actions
}

Both methods trigger events. Events are of the following classes:

  • Yiisoft\User\Event\BeforeLogin - triggered at the beginning of login process. Listeners of this event may call $event->invalidate() to cancel the login process.
  • Yiisoft\User\Event\AfterLogin - triggered at the ending of login process.
  • Yiisoft\User\Event\BeforeLogout - triggered at the beginning of logout process. Listeners of this event may call $event->invalidate() to cancel the logout process.
  • Yiisoft\User\Event\AfterLogout - triggered at the ending of logout process.

Listeners of these events can get an identity instance participating in the process using $event->getIdentity(). Events are dispatched by Psr\EventDispatcher\EventDispatcherInterface instance, which is specified in the constructor when the Yiisoft\User\CurrentUser instance is initialized.

Checking user access

To be able to check whether the current user can perform an operation corresponding to a given permission, you need to set an access checker (see yiisoft/access) instance:

/** 
 * @var \Yiisoft\Access\AccessCheckerInterface $accessChecker
 */
 
$currentUser = $currentUser->withAccessChecker($accessChecker);

To perform the check, use can() method:

// The name of the permission (e.g. "edit post") that needs access check.
$permissionName = 'edit-post'; // Required.

// Name-value pairs that would be passed to the rules associated with the roles and permissions assigned to the user.
$params = ['postId' => 42]; // Optional. Default is empty array.

if ($currentUser->can($permissionName, $params)) {
    // Some actions
}

Note that in case access checker is not provided via withAccessChecker() method, can() will always return false.

Session usage

The current user can store user ID and authentication timeouts for auto-login in the session. To do this, you need to provide a session (see yiisoft/session) instance:

/** 
 * @var \Yiisoft\Session\SessionInterface $session
 */
 
$currentUser = $currentUser->withSession($session);

You can set timeout (number of seconds), during which the user will be logged out automatically in case of remaining inactive:

$currentUser = $currentUser->withAuthTimeout(3600);

Also, an absolute timeout (number of seconds) could be used. The user will be logged out automatically regardless of activity:

$currentUser = $currentUser->withAbsoluteAuthTimeout(3600);

By default, timeouts are not used, so the user will be logged out after the current session expires.

Using with event loop

The Yiisoft\User\CurrentUser instance is stateful, so when you build long-running applications with tools like Swoole or RoadRunner you should reset the state at every request. For this purpose, you can use the clear() method.

Auto login through identity from request attribute

For auto login, you can use the Yiisoft\User\Login\LoginMiddleware. This middleware automatically logs user in if Yiisoft\Auth\IdentityInterface instance presents in a request attribute. It is usually put there by Yiisoft\Auth\Middleware\Authentication. For more information about the authentication middleware and authentication methods, see the yiisoft/auth.

Please note that Yiisoft\Auth\Middleware\Authentication should be located before Yiisoft\User\Login\LoginMiddleware in the middleware stack.

Auto login through cookie

In order to log user in automatically based on request cookie presence, use Yiisoft\User\Login\Cookie\CookieLoginMiddleware.

To use a middleware, you need to implement Yiisoft\User\Login\Cookie\CookieLoginIdentityInterface and also implement and use an instance of IdentityRepositoryInterface in the CurrentUser, which will return CookieLoginIdentityInterface:

use App\CookieLoginIdentity;
use Yiisoft\Auth\IdentityRepositoryInterface;

final class CookieLoginIdentityRepository implements IdentityRepositoryInterface
{
    private Storage $storage;

    public function __construct(Storage $storage)
    {
        $this->storage = $storage;
    }

    public function findIdentity(string $id): ?Identity
    {   
        return new CookieLoginIdentity($this->storage->findOne($id));
    }
}

The CookieLoginMiddleware will check for the existence of a cookie in the request, validate it and login the user automatically.

Creating a cookie

By default, you should set cookie for auto login manually in your application after logging user in:

public function login(
    \Psr\Http\Message\ServerRequestInterface $request,
    \Psr\Http\Message\ResponseFactoryInterface $responseFactory,
    \Yiisoft\User\Login\Cookie\CookieLogin $cookieLogin,
    \Yiisoft\User\CurrentUser $currentUser
): \Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface {
    $response = $responseFactory->createResponse();
    $body = $request->getParsedBody();
    
    // Get user identity based on body content.
    
    /** @var \Yiisoft\User\Login\Cookie\CookieLoginIdentityInterface $identity */
    
    if ($currentUser->login($identity) && ($body['rememberMe'] ?? false)) {
        $response = $cookieLogin->addCookie($identity, $response);
    }
    
    return $response;
}

In the above rememberMe in the request body may come from a "remember me" checkbox in the form. End user decides if he wants to be logged in automatically. If you do not need the user to be able to choose and want to always use "remember me", you can enable it via the forceAddCookie in params.php:

return [
    'yiisoft/user' => [
        'authUrl' => '/login',
        'cookieLogin' => [
            'forceAddCookie' => true,
            'duration' => 'P5D', // 5 days
        ],
    ],
];

Removing a cookie

The Yiisoft\User\Login\Cookie\CookieLoginMiddleware automatically removes the cookie after the logout. But you can also remove the cookie manually:

public function logout(
    \Psr\Http\Message\ResponseFactoryInterface $responseFactory,
    \Yiisoft\User\Login\Cookie\CookieLogin $cookieLogin,
    \Yiisoft\User\CurrentUser $currentUser
): \Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface {
    $response = $responseFactory
        ->createResponse(302)
        ->withHeader('Location', '/');
    
    // Regenerate cookie login key to `Yiisoft\User\Login\Cookie\CookieLoginIdentityInterface` instance.
    
    if ($currentUser->logout()) {
        $response = $cookieLogin->expireCookie($response);
    }
    
    return $response;
}

Preventing the substitution of cookies

The login cookie value is stored raw. To prevent the substitution of the cookie value, you can use a Yiisoft\Cookies\CookieMiddleware. For more information, see Yii guide to cookies.

Please note that Yiisoft\Cookies\CookieMiddleware should be located before Yiisoft\User\Login\Cookie\CookieLoginMiddleware in the middleware stack.

You can find examples of the above features in the yiisoft/demo.

Testing

Unit testing

The package is tested with PHPUnit. To run tests:

./vendor/bin/phpunit

Mutation testing

The package tests are checked with Infection mutation framework with Infection Static Analysis Plugin. To run it:

./vendor/bin/roave-infection-static-analysis-plugin

Static analysis

The code is statically analyzed with Psalm. To run static analysis:

./vendor/bin/psalm

License

The Yii User is free software. It is released under the terms of the BSD License. Please see LICENSE for more information.

Maintained by Yii Software.

Support the project

Open Collective

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