Redis backed library for creating background jobs and processing them later.

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Language: PHP

v1.2.4 2015-04-17 16:04 UTC


php-resque (pronounced like "rescue") is a Redis-backed library for creating background jobs, placing those jobs on multiple queues, and processing them later.



This version of php-resque is based on the work originally done by chrisboulton where he ported the ruby version of the same name that was created by GitHub.

The reasoning behind rewriting the previous work is to add better support for horizontal scaling of worker servers and to improve job failure tolerance to create a very highly available system. Integration with Monolog means that very verbose logging is achievable which makes it far easier to solve bugs across distributed systems. And an extensive events/hooks system enables deeper integration and stats gathering.

This version provides features such as:

  • Workers can be distributed between multiple machines.
  • Resilient to memory leaks (jobs are run on forked processes).
  • Expects and logs failure.
  • Logging uses Monolog.
  • Ability to push Closures to queues.
  • Job status and output tracking.
  • Jobs will fail cleanly if out of memory or maximum execution time is reached.
  • Will mark a job as failed, if a forked child running a job does not exit with a status code as 0.
  • Has built in event system to enable hooks for deep integration.
  • Support for priorities (queues).

This version is not a direct port of Gihtub's Resque and therefore is not compatible with it, or their web interface. A web interface for this version is currently in development, if you want to know more or help out then drop me a line.


You must have the following installed in order to run php-resque:

Optional, but recommended:

Getting Started

The easiest way to work with php-resque is when it's installed as a Composer package inside your project. Composer (http://getcomposer.org/) isn't strictly required, but makes life a lot easier.

Add php-resque to your application's composer.json file:

    "require": {
        "mjphaynes/php-resque": "1.0.x"

Navigate to your project root and run:

$ php composer.phar install

If you haven't already, add the Composer autoloader to your project's bootstrap:

require 'vendor/autoload.php';


Defining Jobs

Each job should be in it's own class, and include a perform method.

class MyJob {

    public function setUp() {
        // Set up environment for this job

    public function perform($args) {
        // Perform some job

    public function tearDown() {
        // Remove environment for this job


When the job is run, the class will be instantiated and any arguments will be sent as arguments to the perform method.

Any exception thrown by a job will result in the job failing - be careful here and make sure you handle the exceptions that shouldn't result in a job failing. If you want to cancel a job (instead of having it fail) then you can throw a Resque\Exception\Cancel exception and the job will be marked as cancelled.

Jobs can also have setUp and tearDown methods. If a setUp method is defined, it will be called before the perform method is run. The tearDown method if defined, will be called after the job finishes. If an exception is thrown int the setUp method the perform method will not be run. This is useful for cases where you have different jobs that require the same bootstrap, for instance a database connection.

Queueing Jobs

To add a new job to the queue use the Resque::push method.

$job = Resque::push('MyJob', array('arg1', 'arg2'));

The first argument is the fully resolved classname for your job class (if you're wondering how php-resque knows about your job classes see autoloading job classes). The second argument is an array of any arguments you want to pass through to the job class.

It is also possible to push a Closure onto the queue. This is very convenient for quick, simple tasks that need to be queued. When pushing Closures onto the queue, the __DIR__ and __FILE__ constants should not be used.

$job = Resque::push(function($job) {
    echo 'This is a inline job #'.$job->getId().'!';

It is possible to push a job onto another queue (default queue is called default) by passing through a third parameter to the Resque::push method which contains the queue name.

$job = Resque::push('SendEmail', array(), 'email');

Delaying Jobs

It is possible to schedule a job to run at a specified time in the future using the Resque::later method. You can do this by either passing through an int or a DateTime object.

$job = Resque::later(60, 'MyJob', array());
$job = Resque::later(1398643990, 'MyJob', array());
$job = Resque::later(new \DateTime('+2 mins'), 'MyJob', array());
$job = Resque::later(new \DateTime('2014-07-08 11:14:15'), 'MyJob', array());

If you pass through an integer and it is smaller than 94608000 seconds (3 years) php-resque will assume you want a time relative to the current time (I mean, who delays jobs for more than 3 years anyway??). Note that you must have a worker running at the specified time in order for the job to run.

Job Statuses

php-resque tracks the status of a job. The status information will allow you to check if a job is in the queue, currently being run, failed, etc. To track the status of a job you must capture the job id of a pushed job.

$job = Resque::push('MyJob');
$jobId = $job->getId();

To fetch the status of a job:

$job = Resque\Job::load($jobId);
$status = $job->getStatus();

Job statuses are defined as constants in the Resque\Job class. Valid statuses are:

  • Resque\Job::STATUS_WAITING - Job is still queued
  • Resque\Job::STATUS_DELAYED - Job is delayed
  • Resque\Job::STATUS_RUNNING - Job is currently running
  • Resque\Job::STATUS_COMPLETE - Job is complete
  • Resque\Job::STATUS_CANCELLED - Job has been cancelled
  • Resque\Job::STATUS_FAILED - Job has failed
  • false - Failed to fetch the status - is the id valid?

Statuses are available for up to 7 days after a job has completed or failed, and are then automatically expired. This timeout can be changed in the configuration file.


To start a worker navigate to your project root and run:

$ bin/resque worker:start

Note that once this worker has started, it will continue to run until it is manually stopped. You may use a process monitor such as Supervisor to run the worker as a background process and to ensure that the worker does not stop running.

If the worker is a background task you can stop, pause & restart the worker with the following commands:

$ bin/resque worker:stop
$ bin/resque worker:pause
$ bin/resque worker:resume

The commands take inline configuration options as well as reading from a configuration file.

For instance, to specify that the worker only processes jobs on the queues named high and low, as well as allowing a maximum of 30MB of memory for the jobs, you can run the following:

$ bin/resque worker:start --queue=high,low --memory=30 -vvv

Note that this will check the high queue first and then the low queue, so it is possible to facilitate job queue priorities using this. To run all queues use * - this is the default value. The -vvv enables very verbose logging. To silence any logging the -q flag is used.

For more commands and full list of options please see the commands documentation.


Signals work on supported platforms. Signals sent to workers will have the following effect:

  • QUIT - Wait for child to finish processing then exit
  • TERM / INT - Immediately kill child then exit
  • USR1 - Immediately kill child but don't exit
  • USR2 - Pause worker, no new jobs will be processed
  • CONT - Resume worker


When php-resque runs a job it first forks the process to a child process. This is so that if the job fails the worker can detect that the job failed and will continue to run. The forked child will always exit as soon as the job finishes.

The PECL module (http://php.net/manual/en/book.pcntl.php) must be installed to use php-resque.

Process Titles

Updating the process title of the worker is useful because it indicates what the worker is doing, and any forked children also set their process title with the job being run. This helps identify running processes on the server and their php-resque status.

Unfortunately PHP does not have the ability to update process titles installed by default.

A PECL module (http://pecl.php.net/package/proctitle) exists that adds this funcitonality to PHP, so if you'd like process titles updated, install the PECL module as well. php-resque will detect and use it.

Autoload Job Classes

Getting your application underway also requires telling the worker about your job classes, by means of either an autoloader or including them. If you're using Composer then it will be relatively straightforward to add your job classes there.

Alternatively you can do so in the config.yml file or by setting the include argument:

$ bin/resque worker:start --include=/path/to/your/include/file.php

There is an example of how this all works in the examples/ folder in this project.

Commands & Options

For the full list of php-resque commands and their associated arguments please see the commands documentation.


php-resque is integrated with Monolog which enables extensive logging abilities. For full documentation please see the logging documentation.

Event/Hook System

php-resque has an extensive events/hook system to allow developers deep integration with the library without having to modify any core files. For full documentation and list of all events please see the hooks documentation.

Configuration Options

For a complete list of all configuration options please see the configuration documentation.


You can either set the Redis connection details inline or in the configuration file. To set when running a command:

$ bin/resque [command] --host=<hostname> --port=<port>


Contributing to the project would be a massive help in maintaining and extending the script. If you're interested in contributing, issue a pull request on Github.