Symfony Process Component

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v3.0.2 2016-02-02 13:44 UTC


Process executes commands in sub-processes.

In this example, we run a simple directory listing and get the result back:

use Symfony\Component\Process\Process;
use Symfony\Component\Process\Exception\ProcessFailedException;

$process = new Process('ls -lsa');
if (!$process->isSuccessful()) {
    throw new ProcessFailedException($process);

print $process->getOutput();

You can think that this is easy to achieve with plain PHP but it's not especially if you want to take care of the subtle differences between the different platforms.

You can simplify the code by using mustRun() instead of run(), which will throw a ProcessFailedException automatically in case of a problem:

use Symfony\Component\Process\Process;

$process = new Process('ls -lsa');

print $process->getOutput();

And if you want to be able to get some feedback in real-time, just pass an anonymous function to the run() method and you will get the output buffer as it becomes available:

use Symfony\Component\Process\Process;

$process = new Process('ls -lsa');
$process->run(function ($type, $buffer) {
    if (Process::ERR === $type) {
        echo 'ERR > '.$buffer;
    } else {
        echo 'OUT > '.$buffer;

That's great if you want to execute a long running command (like rsync-ing files to a remote server) and give feedback to the user in real-time.


You can run the unit tests with the following command:

$ cd path/to/Symfony/Component/Process/
$ composer install
$ phpunit