Provides line-by-line readers and iterators for Wikibase/Wikidata JSON dumps

2.0.0 2018-08-14 01:43 UTC

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Last update: 2024-04-25 23:44:51 UTC


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JsonDumpReader is a PHP library that provides ways to read from and iterate through the Wikibase entities in a Wikibase Repository JSON dump such as the Wikidata JSON dumps. You can find more information about the format on the Wikidata dump download page.

You can hire the authors company Professional Wiki for custom development or for Wikibase hosting.


All services are constructed via the JsonDumpFactory class:

use Wikibase\JsonDumpReader\JsonDumpFactory;
$factory = new JsonDumpFactory();

There are two types of services provided by this library: those implementing DumpReader and those implementing Iterator. The former allow you to ask for the next line of the dump. They are the most low level, with the different implementations supporting different dump file formats (such as .json and .json.bz2). The iterators all depend on a DumpReader, and allow you to easily iterate over all entities in the dump. They differ in how much additional processing they do, from nothing (returning the JSON stings) to fully deserializing the entities into EntityDocument objects.

Reading some lines from a dump

$dumpReader = $factory->newExtractedDumpReader( '/tmp/wd-dump.json' );
echo 'First line: ' . $dumpReader->nextJsonLine();
echo 'Second line: ' . $dumpReader->nextJsonLine();
$dumpReader = $factory->newGzDumpReader( '/tmp/wd-dump.json.gz' );
echo 'First line: ' . $dumpReader->nextJsonLine();
echo 'Second line: ' . $dumpReader->nextJsonLine();
$dumpReader = $factory->newBz2DumpReader( '/tmp/wd-dump.json.bz2' );
echo 'First line: ' . $dumpReader->nextJsonLine();
echo 'Second line: ' . $dumpReader->nextJsonLine();

Resume reading from a previous position

$dumpReader = $factory->newGzDumpReader( '/tmp/wd-dump.json.gz' );
echo 'First line: ' . $dumpReader->nextJsonLine();
echo 'Second line: ' . $dumpReader->nextJsonLine();

$newReader = $factory->newGzDumpReader( '/tmp/wd-dump.json.gz' );
$newReader->seekToPosition( $dumpReader->getPosition() );

echo 'Third line: ' . $newReader->nextJsonLine();

Iterating though the JSON

$dumpReader = $factory->newGzDumpReader( '/tmp/wd-dump.json.gz' );
$dumpIterator = $factory->newStringDumpIterator( $dumpReader );

foreach ( $dumpIterator as $jsonLine ) {
	echo 'You can haz JSON: ' . $jsonLine;

Creating an EntityDocument iterator

$dumpReader = $factory->newBz2DumpReader( '/tmp/wd-dump.json.bz2' );
$dumpIterator = $factory->newEntityDumpIterator( $dumpReader, /* Deserializer */ $entityDeserializer );

foreach ( $dumpIterator as $entityDocument ) {
	echo 'At entity ' . $entityDocument->getId()->getSerialization();

The second argument needs to be an instance of Deserializer that can deserialize entities. Such an instance is typically constructed via the Wikibase DataModel Serialization library. For an example of how to do this, see the tests/integration/EntityDumpIteratorTest.php file. Note that this code has additional dependencies.

Combining iterators

The iterator approach taken by this library is lazy and can easily be combined with iterator tools provided by PHP, such as LimitIterator and CallbackFilterIterator.

More documentation and examples

To get documentation that is never out of date and always fully correct for your version of the library, have a look at the public methods in src/JsonDumpFactory.php. Every public method has at least one test, so you can find good examples in the tests directory.


To use the JsonDumpReader library in your project, simply add a dependency on jeroen/json-dump-reader to your project's composer.json file. Here is a minimal example of a composer.json file that just defines a dependency on JsonDumpReader 2.x:

    "require": {
        "jeroen/json-dump-reader": "~2.0"

Supported PHP versions:

  • Version 2.x: 7.1 - 7.3+
  • Version 1.4: 5.6 - 7.2
  • Version 1.3: 5.5 - 7.2

Installation when using EntityDocument

If you want to use the EntityDocument Iterator, you will also need to install the DataValue libraries used by the Wikibase that created the dump. For Wikidata and typical Wikibase installations these are:

These can be added to the require section in your composer.json as follows. Note that the used versions are current as of August 2018. You can use the latest versions that work for you as no restrictions on these libraries are placed by JsonDumpReader.

        "data-values/geo": "~4.0|~3.0",
        "data-values/number": "~0.10.0",
        "data-values/time": "~1.0",


Running CI checks and tests locally

If you have PHP and Composer installed locally, you do not need Docker and can just execute composer commands.

For tests only

composer test

For style checks only

composer cs

For a full CI run

composer ci

Docker: installation

You can develop without having a local installation of PHP or Composer by using Docker. Install it with

sudo apt-get install docker docker-compose

Docker: Running Composer

To pull in the project dependencies via Composer, run:

make composer install

You can run other Composer commands via make run, but at present this does not support argument flags. If you need to execute such a command, you can do so in this format:

docker run --rm --interactive --tty --volume $PWD:/app -w /app\
 --volume ~/.composer:/composer --user $(id -u):$(id -g) composer composer install --no-scripts

Where composer install --no-scripts is the command being run.

Docker: Running the CI checks

To run all CI checks, which includes PHPUnit tests, PHPCS style checks and coverage tag validation, run:


Docker: Running the tests

To run just the PHPUnit tests run

make test

To run only a subset of PHPUnit tests or otherwise pass flags to PHPUnit, run

docker-compose run --rm app ./vendor/bin/phpunit --filter SomeClassNameOrFilter

Release notes

Version 2.0.0 (2018-08-14)

  • Added support for PHP 7.3
  • Dropped support for PHP 5.6 and PHP 7.0
  • Added scalar and return type hints
    • Breaking change for classes extending DumpReader or SeekableDumpReader

Version 1.4.0 (2017-03-03)

  • Added support for PHP 7.1 and PHP 7.2
  • Dropped support for PHP 5.5

Version 1.3.0 (2015-11-23)

  • JsonDumpFactory::newGzDumpReader now takes an optional $initialPosition argument

Version 1.2.0 (2015-11-23)

  • Added SeekableDumpReader interface
    • JsonDumpFactory::newGzDumpReader now returns a SeekableDumpReader
    • JsonDumpFactory::newExtractedDumpReader now returns a SeekableDumpReader
  • ExtractedDumpReader is now package private (no breaking changes to it will be made before 2.0)

Version 1.1.0 (2015-11-12)

  • Added JsonDumpFactory::newGzDumpReader for gzip dump support

Version 1.0.1 (2015-11-10)

  • Fixed of-by-one error in resumption of ExtractedDumpReader via getPosition

Version 1.0.0 (2015-11-08)

  • Added JsonDumpFactory
    • Added JsonDumpFactory::newBz2DumpReader
    • Added JsonDumpFactory::newExtractedDumpReader
    • Added JsonDumpFactory::newStringDumpIterator
    • Added JsonDumpFactory::newObjectDumpIterator
    • Added JsonDumpFactory::newEntityDumpIterator
  • Removed JsonDumpReader (now JsonDumpFactory::newExtractedDumpReader)
  • Removed JsonDumpIterator (now JsonDumpFactory::newEntityDumpIterator)
  • Added ci command that runs PHPUnit, PHPCS, PHPMD and covers tags validation

Version 0.2.0 (2015-09-29)

  • Installation with Wikibase DataModel Serialization 2.x is now supported
  • Installation restrictions of Wikibase DataModel version have been dropped

Version 0.1.0 (2014-10-22)

Initial release with

  • JsonDumpReader to read entity JSON from the dump
  • JsonDumpIterator to iterate through the dump as if it was a collection of EntityDocument

See also