fastbill/parallel-process-dispatcher

There is no license information available for the latest version (1.2.1) of this package.

Tiny PHP library for running jobs in background and/or in parallel

1.2.1 2017-12-05 19:26 UTC

README

This micro-library has two classes. One encapsulates a (linux commandline) process into an object and allows asynchronous running without deadlocks. The other is a multi-process-dispatcher which takes an arbitrary number of beforementioned processes and runs them simultaneously (with a maximum number of concurrent processes).

Usage examples:

  • Dispatching long running cronjobs which e.g. mostly wait for webservice responses (you can run more processes than max. CPUs)
  • Running background workers which listen on a queue (maximum should be number of CPUs)
  • Running commandline-tasks inside a web application simultaneously, e.g. PDF-Generation, Image-Processing etc.

Installation:

Add the following to your composer.json:

{
    "require": {
        "fastbill/parallel-process-dispatcher": "*"
    }
}

or just run the following command in your project root directory

$ composer require "fastbill/parallel-process-dispatcher"

Usage

Classes

Process

$process = new Process('pngcrush --brute background.png');
$process->start();

// optional: do something else in your application

while (! $process->isFinished() ) {
    usleep(1000); //wait 1ms until next poll
}
echo $process->getOutput();

Dispatcher

$process1 = new Process('pngcrush --brute background.png');
$process2 = new Process('pngcrush --brute welcome.png'); 
$process3 = new Process('pngcrush --brute logo.png'); 

$dispatcher = new Dispatcher(2);    // will make sure only two of those will actually run at the same time
$dispatcher->addProcess($process1);
$dispatcher->addProcess($process2);
$dispatcher->addProcess($process3);

$dispatcher->dispatch();  // this will run until all processes are finished.

$processes = $dispatcher->getFinishedProcesses();

foreach ($processes as $process) {
    echo $process->getOutput(), "\n\n";
}

Advanced

Using Process and Dispatcher to start multiple processes and later collect the results

$dispatcher = new Dispatcher(2);

$process1 = new Process('pngcrush --brute background.png');
$dispatcher->addProcess($process1, true);   // true starts the process if there are still free slots

// [... more code ...]

$process2 = new Process('pngcrush --brute welcome.png'); 
$dispatcher->addProcess($process2, true);

// [... more code ...]

// during code execution, the dispatcher cannot remove finished processes from the stack, so you have to call the tick()-function
// if you want the queue to advance - but it's optional since at latest the __destruct() function will call dispatch(); 
$dispatcher->tick();

// [... more code ...]

$dispatcher->dispatch();  // this will make the dispatcher wait until all the processes are finished, if they are still running

$processes = $dispatcher->getFinishedProcesses();

// loop over results

Known Issues

Process

  • PHP Internals: Be aware that if the child process produces output, it will write into a buffer until the buffer is full. If the buffer is full the child pauses until the parent reads from the buffer and makes more room. This is done in the isFinished() method. The dispatcher calls this method periodically to prevent a deadlock. If you use the process class standalone, you have to possibilities to prevent this:
    • call isFinished() yourself in either a loop, using a tick function or otherwise during execution of your script
    • instead of writing to stdOut, divert output to a temporary file and use its name as output.

Dispatcher

  • Multiple dispatchers (in different processes) are not aware of each other. So if you have a script that uses a dispatcher to call another script which itself uses a dispatcher to spawn multiple processes, you will end up with more child processes than the maximum, so choose the maximum accordingly or use a queue (e.g. Redis) and make the workers aware of each other by e.g. registering in a redis-stack for running workers.