mglaman/phpstan-drupal

Drupal extension and rules for PHPStan

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Type:phpstan-extension

1.1.25 2022-07-18 17:17 UTC

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Extension for PHPStan to allow analysis of Drupal code.

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Usage

When you are using phpstan/extension-installer, phpstan.neon will be automatically included.

Manual installation

If you don't want to use phpstan/extension-installer, include extension.neon in your project's PHPStan config:

includes:
    - vendor/mglaman/phpstan-drupal/extension.neon

To include Drupal specific analysis rules, include this file:

includes:
    - vendor/mglaman/phpstan-drupal/rules.neon

Excluding tests from analysis

To exclude tests from analysis, add the following parameter

parameters:
	excludePaths:
		- *Test.php
		- *TestBase.php

Deprecation testing

Add the deprecation rules to your Drupal project's dependencies

composer require --dev phpstan/phpstan-deprecation-rules

Edit your phpstan.neon to look like the following:

includes:
	- vendor/mglaman/phpstan-drupal/extension.neon
	- vendor/phpstan/phpstan-deprecation-rules/rules.neon

To only handle deprecation testing, use a phpstan.neon like this:

parameters:
	customRulesetUsed: true
	reportUnmatchedIgnoredErrors: false
	# Ignore phpstan-drupal extension's rules.
	ignoreErrors:
		- '#\Drupal calls should be avoided in classes, use dependency injection instead#'
		- '#Plugin definitions cannot be altered.#'
		- '#Missing cache backend declaration for performance.#'
		- '#Plugin manager has cache backend specified but does not declare cache tags.#'
includes:
	- vendor/mglaman/phpstan-drupal/extension.neon
	- vendor/phpstan/phpstan-deprecation-rules/rules.neon

Adapting to your project

Specifying your Drupal project's root

By default, the PHPStan Drupal extension will try to determine your Drupal project's root directory based on the working directory that PHPStan is checking. If this is not working properly, you can explicitly define the Drupal project's root directory using the drupal.drupal_root parameter.

parameters:
	drupal:
		drupal_root: /path/to/drupal

You can also use container parameters. For instance you can always set it to the current working directory.

parameters:
	drupal:
		drupal_root: %currentWorkingDirectory%

Entity storage mappings.

The EntityTypeManagerGetStorageDynamicReturnTypeExtension service helps map dynamic return types. This inspects the passed entity type ID and tries to return a known storage class, besides the default EntityStorageInterface. The default mapping can be found in extension.neon. For example:

parameters:
	drupal:
		entityMapping:
			block:
				class: Drupal\block\Entity\Block
				storage: Drupal\Core\Config\Entity\ConfigEntityStorage
			node:
				class: Drupal\node\Entity\Node
				storage: Drupal\node\NodeStorage
			taxonomy_term:
				class: Drupal\taxonomy\Entity\Term
				storage: Drupal\taxonomy\TermStorage
			user:
				class: Drupal\user\Entity\User
				storage: Drupal\user\UserStorage

To add support for custom entities, you may add the same definition in your project's phpstan.neon. See the following example for adding a mapping for Search API:

parameters:
	drupal:
		entityMapping:
			search_api_index:
				class: Drupal\search_api\Entity\Index
				storage: Drupal\search_api\Entity\SearchApiConfigEntityStorage
			search_api_server:
				class: Drupal\search_api\Entity\Server
				storage: Drupal\search_api\Entity\SearchApiConfigEntityStorage			    

Similarly, the EntityStorageDynamicReturnTypeExtension service helps to determine the type of the entity which is loaded, created etc.. when using an entity storage. For instance when using

$node = \Drupal::entityTypeManager()->getStorage('node')->create(['type' => 'page', 'title' => 'foo']);

It helps with knowing the type of the $node variable is Drupal\node\Entity\Node.

The default mapping can be found in extension.neon:

parameters:
	drupal:
		entityMapping:
			block:
				class: Drupal\block\Entity\Block
				storage: Drupal\Core\Config\Entity\ConfigEntityStorage
			node:
				class: Drupal\node\Entity\Node
				storage: Drupal\node\NodeStorage
			taxonomy_term:
				class: Drupal\taxonomy\Entity\Term
				storage: Drupal\taxonomy\TermStorage
			user:
				class: Drupal\user\Entity\User
				storage: Drupal\user\UserStorage

To add support for custom entities, you may add the same definition in your project's phpstan.neon likewise.

Providing entity type mappings for a contrib module

Contributed modules can provide their own mapping that can be automatically registered with a user's code base when they use the phpstan/extension-installer. The extension installer scans installed package's composer.json for a value in extra.phpstan. This will automatically bundle the defined include that contains an entity mapping configuration.

For example, the Paragraphs module could have the following entity_mapping.neon file:

parameters:
	entityMapping:
		paragraph:
			class: Drupal\paragraphs\Entity\Paragraph
		paragraphs_type:
			class: Drupal\paragraphs\Entity\ParagraphsType

Then in the composer.json for Paragraphs, the entity_mapping.neon would be provided as a PHPStan include

{
  "name": "drupal/paragraphs",
  "description": "Enables the creation of Paragraphs entities.",
  "type": "drupal-module",
  "license": "GPL-2.0-or-later",
  "require": {
    "drupal/entity_reference_revisions": "~1.3"
  },
  "extra": {
    "phpstan": {
      "includes": [
        "entity_mapping.neon"
      ]
    }
  }
}