Telegram Notifications Channel for Laravel

0.9.0 2021-11-24 12:19 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2021-11-26 19:41:07 UTC


README

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This package makes it easy to send Telegram notification using Telegram Bot API with Laravel.

Contents

Installation

You can install the package via composer:

composer require laravel-notification-channels/telegram

Setting up your Telegram Bot

Talk to @BotFather and generate a Bot API Token.

Then, configure your Telegram Bot API Token:

# config/services.php

'telegram-bot-api' => [
    'token' => env('TELEGRAM_BOT_TOKEN', 'YOUR BOT TOKEN HERE')
],

Retrieving Chat ID

For us to send notifications to your Telegram Bot user/channel or group, we need to know their Chat ID.

This can be done by fetching the updates for your Bot using the getUpdates method as per Telegram Bot API docs.

An update is an object containing relevant fields based on the type of update it represents, some examples of an update object are message, callback_query, and poll. For a complete list of fields, see Telegram Bot API docs.

To make things easier, the library comes with a handy method that can be used to get the updates from which you can parse the relevant Chat ID.

Please keep in mind the user has to first interact with your bot for you to be able to obtain their Chat ID which you can then store in your database for future interactions or notifications.

Here's an example of fetching an update:

use NotificationChannels\Telegram\TelegramUpdates;

// Response is an array of updates.
$updates = TelegramUpdates::create()
    // (Optional). Get's the latest update. NOTE: All previous updates will be forgotten using this method.
    // ->latest()
    
    // (Optional). Limit to 2 updates (By default, updates starting with the earliest unconfirmed update are returned).
    ->limit(2)
    
    // (Optional). Add more params to the request.
    ->options([
        'timeout' => 0,
    ])
    ->get();

if($updates['ok']) {
    // Chat ID
    $chatId = $updates['result'][0]['message']['chat']['id'];
}

Note: This method will not work if an outgoing webhook is set up.

For a complete list of available parameters for the options, see Telegram Bot API docs.

Using in Lumen

If you're using this notification channel in your Lumen project, you will have to add the below code in your bootstrap/app.php file.

# bootstrap/app.php

// Make sure to create a "config/services.php" file and add the config from the above step.
$app->configure('services');

# Register the notification service providers.
$app->register(Illuminate\Notifications\NotificationServiceProvider::class);
$app->register(NotificationChannels\Telegram\TelegramServiceProvider::class);

Proxy or Bridge Support

You may not be able to send notifications if Telegram Bot API is not accessible in your country, you can either set a proxy by following the instructions here or use a web bridge by setting the base_uri config above with the bridge uri.

You can set HTTPS_PROXY in your .env file.

Usage

You can now use the channel in your via() method inside the Notification class.

Text Notification

use NotificationChannels\Telegram\TelegramMessage;
use Illuminate\Notifications\Notification;

class InvoicePaid extends Notification
{
    public function via($notifiable)
    {
        return ["telegram"];
    }

    public function toTelegram($notifiable)
    {
        $url = url('/invoice/' . $this->invoice->id);

        return TelegramMessage::create()
            // Optional recipient user id.
            ->to($notifiable->telegram_user_id)
            // Markdown supported.
            ->content("Hello there!\nYour invoice has been *PAID*")

            // (Optional) Blade template for the content.
            // ->view('notification', ['url' => $url])

            // (Optional) Inline Buttons
            ->button('View Invoice', $url)
            ->button('Download Invoice', $url)
            // (Optional) Inline Button with callback. You can handle callback in your bot instance
            ->buttonWithCallback('Confirm', 'confirm_invoice ' . $this->invoice->id);
    }
}

Here's a screenshot preview of the above notification on Telegram Messenger:

Laravel Telegram Notification Example

Send a Poll

public function toTelegram($notifiable)
{
    return TelegramPoll::create()
        ->to($notifiable)
        ->question("Aren't Laravel Notification Channels awesome?")
        ->choices(['Yes', 'YEs', 'YES']);
}

Preview:

Laravel Telegram Poll Example

Attach a Contact

public function toTelegram($notifiable)
{
    return TelegramContact::create()
            ->to($notifiable->telegram_user_id) // Optional
            ->firstName('John')
            ->lastName('Doe') // Optional
            ->phoneNumber('00000000');
}

Preview:

Laravel Telegram Contact Example

Attach an Audio

public function toTelegram($notifiable)
{
    return TelegramFile::create()
            ->to($notifiable->telegram_user_id) // Optional
            ->content('Audio') // Optional Caption
            ->audio('/path/to/audio.mp3');
}

Preview:

Laravel Telegram Audio Notification Example

Attach a Photo

public function toTelegram($notifiable)
{
    return TelegramFile::create()
        ->to($notifiable->telegram_user_id) // Optional
        ->content('Awesome *bold* text and [inline URL](http://www.example.com/)')
        ->file('/storage/archive/6029014.jpg', 'photo'); // local photo

        // OR using a helper method with or without a remote file.
        // ->photo('https://file-examples-com.github.io/uploads/2017/10/file_example_JPG_1MB.jpg');
}

Preview:

Laravel Telegram Photo Notification Example

Attach a Document

public function toTelegram($notifiable)
{
    return TelegramFile::create()
        ->to($notifiable->telegram_user_id) // Optional
        ->content('Did you know we can set a custom filename too?')
        ->document('https://file-examples-com.github.io/uploads/2017/10/file-sample_150kB.pdf', 'sample.pdf');
}

Preview:

Laravel Telegram Document Notification Example

Attach a Location

public function toTelegram($notifiable)
{
    return TelegramLocation::create()
        ->latitude('40.6892494')
        ->longitude('-74.0466891');
}

Preview:

Laravel Telegram Location Notification Example

Attach a Video

public function toTelegram($notifiable)
{
    return TelegramFile::create()
        ->content('Sample *video* notification!')
        ->video('https://file-examples-com.github.io/uploads/2017/04/file_example_MP4_480_1_5MG.mp4');
}

Preview:

Laravel Telegram Video Notification Example

Attach a GIF File

public function toTelegram($notifiable)
{
    return TelegramFile::create()
        ->content('Woot! We can send animated gif notifications too!')
        ->animation('https://sample-videos.com/gif/2.gif');

        // Or local file
        // ->animation('/path/to/some/animated.gif');
}

Preview:

Laravel Telegram Gif Notification Example

Routing a Message

You can either send the notification by providing with the chat ID of the recipient to the to($chatId) method like shown in the previous examples or add a routeNotificationForTelegram() method in your notifiable model:

/**
 * Route notifications for the Telegram channel.
 *
 * @return int
 */
public function routeNotificationForTelegram()
{
    return $this->telegram_user_id;
}

Handling Response

You can make use of the notification events to handle the response from Telegram. On success, your event listener will receive a Message object with various fields as appropriate to the notification type.

For a complete list of response fields, please refer the Telegram Bot API's Message object docs.

On-Demand Notifications

Sometimes you may need to send a notification to someone who is not stored as a "user" of your application. Using the Notification::route method, you may specify ad-hoc notification routing information before sending the notification. For more details, you can check out the on-demand notifications docs.

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Notification;

Notification::route('telegram', 'TELEGRAM_CHAT_ID')
            ->notify(new InvoicePaid($invoice));

Sending to Multiple Recipients

Using the notification facade you can send a notification to multiple recipients at once.

If you're sending bulk notifications to multiple users, the Telegram Bot API will not allow more than 30 messages per second or so. Consider spreading out notifications over large intervals of 8—12 hours for best results.

Also note that your bot will not be able to send more than 20 messages per minute to the same group.

If you go over the limit, you'll start getting 429 errors. For more details, refer Telegram Bots FAQ.

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Notification;

// Recipients can be an array of chat IDs or collection of notifiable entities.
Notification::send($recipients, new InvoicePaid());

Available Methods

Shared Methods

These methods are optional and shared across all the API methods.

  • to(int|string $chatId): Recipient's chat id.
  • token(string $token): Bot token if you wish to override the default token for a specific notification.
  • button(string $text, string $url, int $columns = 2): Adds an inline "Call to Action" button. You can add as many as you want, and they'll be placed 2 in a row by default.
  • buttonWithCallback(string $text, string $callback_data, int $columns = 2): Adds an inline button with the given callback data. You can add as many as you want, and they'll be placed 2 in a row by default.
  • disableNotification(bool $disableNotification = true): Send the message silently. Users will receive a notification with no sound.
  • options(array $options): Allows you to add additional params or override the payload.
  • getPayloadValue(string $key): Get payload value for given key.

Telegram Message methods

For more information on supported parameters, check out these docs.

  • content(string $content, int $limit = null): Notification message, supports markdown. For more information on supported markdown styles, check out these docs.
  • view(string $view, array $data = [], array $mergeData = []): (optional) Blade template name with Telegram supported HTML or Markdown syntax content if you wish to use a view file instead of the content() method.
  • chunk(int $limit = 4096): (optional) Message chars chunk size to send in parts (For long messages). Note: Chunked messages will be rate limited to one message per second to comply with rate limitation requirements from Telegram.

Telegram Location methods

  • latitude(float|string $latitude): Latitude of the location.
  • longitude(float|string $longitude): Longitude of the location.

Telegram File methods

  • content(string $content): (optional) File caption, supports markdown. For more information on supported markdown styles, check out these docs.
  • view(string $view, array $data = [], array $mergeData = []): (optional) Blade template name with Telegram supported HTML or Markdown syntax content if you wish to use a view file instead of the content() method.
  • file(string|resource|StreamInterface $file, string $type, string $filename = null): Local file path or remote URL, $type of the file (Ex:photo, audio, document, video, animation, voice, video_note) and optionally filename with extension. Ex: sample.pdf. You can use helper methods instead of using this to make it easier to work with file attachment.
  • photo(string $file): Helper method to attach a photo.
  • audio(string $file): Helper method to attach an audio file (MP3 file).
  • document(string $file, string $filename = null): Helper method to attach a document or any file as document.
  • video(string $file): Helper method to attach a video file.
  • animation(string $file): Helper method to attach an animated gif file.
  • voice(string $file): Helper method to attach a voice note (.ogg file with OPUS encoded).
  • videoNote(string $file): Helper method to attach a video note file (Upto 1 min long, rounded square video).

Telegram Contact methods

  • phoneNumber(string $phoneNumber): Contact phone number.
  • firstName(string $firstName): Contact first name.
  • lastName(string $lastName): (optional) Contact last name.
  • vCard(string $vCard): (optional) Contact vcard.

Telegram Poll methods

  • question(string $question): Poll question.
  • choices(array $choices): Poll choices.

Alternatives

For advance usage, please consider using telegram-bot-sdk instead.

Changelog

Please see CHANGELOG for more information what has changed recently.

Testing

$ composer test

Security

If you discover any security related issues, please email syed@lukonet.com instead of using the issue tracker.

Contributing

Please see CONTRIBUTING for details.

Credits

License

The MIT License (MIT). Please see License File for more information.