dev-master / 4.0.x-dev 2022-05-27 05:53 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2024-05-27 09:56:39 UTC


Coverage Status Build Status Latest Stable Version Total Downloads Latest Unstable Version License

What's this?

WebAction is a library that let you share the business logics across controllers, pages, ajax requests bottom-up from your data schema.

Why does this exist?

Chances are, you need to reuse CRUD logics or business logics across different controllers, pages, ajax requests, and so you might sit down and write a shared controller class to share the common code.

This approach might work well for small applications. However, when your application is getting bigger and bigger, it will be very complex to share the common code, and hard to maintain.

The solution

WebAction provides a way to wrap your common code up, and make these common code reuseable in everywhere in the application.

You can simply define the parameters with names, types, validators, canonicalizer, filters to handle the form reequests, render the form widgets and integrate with your ORM.

And this, also reduces, simplifies your application code.

The workflow

Action is just like API (application programming interface), which can be triggered from HTTP requests, Ajax requests, or from backend, here is the work flow:

WebAction - PHP

A Basic Action

A minimal action skeleton:

use WebAction\Action;
class YourAction extends Action
    public function run() {

To use Action, you should define a run method at least, in this run method, you write your logics, operations, then return the result at the end.

To report success result, you can simple use success method:

function run() {
    return $this->success('Success!!');

You can also pass data to the action result, by appending another argument in array:

function run() {
    return $this->success('Success', ['user_id' => 1]);

To report error:

function run() {
    return $this->error('Error', ['user_id' => 1]);

Action Signature

To trigger an action from front-end, you can define an action signature in your HTML form.

When submitting this form, ActionRunner uses this signature to dispatch your action to the right place.

The convention rule is like below:

  • A class with namespace like App\Action\CreateUser will be converted to signature App::Action::CreateUser.

A Simple Action Skeleton

class YourAction extends \WebAction\Action

    function schema() {



    function beforeRun() { 
        // do something

    function run()
        return $this->success( 'Success Helper (point to action result object)' );
        return $this->error( 'Error Helper (point to action result object)' );

    function afterRun() 
        // do something

Then the caller:

$act = new Action( $_REQUEST );
$rs = $a->getResult();

To take an action, simply call invoke method to trigger the action.

the invoke method trigger runPreinit, runInit, beforeRun, run, afterRun in order.

Action Schema

run method


methods that you will use in run:

  • $this->arg(string $key): get argument from action by key.

  • $this->setArgs(array $arguments) set action arguments.

  • $this->success(string $message, $data = array())

    Report success message.

    You can also pass data to the action result object.

    By using this method, action object creates an action result object, and register the result object into the Action Result Pool by using the action signature as a key.

    @see WebAction\Runner

    • In Ajax mode, the action result will be converted into JSON format, and the front-end Action.js will get the action result data, then display the result message (or dispatch to jGrowl plugin)

    • In HTTP POST/GET mode, the action result is also saved in the Action Result Pool, and by calling a simple twig macro, you can render these action result objects into HTML format string.

      @see bundles/CoreBundle/Templates/phifty/action_result.html

  • $this->error(string $message)

    Report error message.


properties that you will need in Action run method:

  • request: HttpRequest object, you can retrieve POST, GET, SESSION, SERVER through a simple API.

      // is equal to isset($_REQUEST['user']) ? $_REQUEST['user'] : null
      // is equal to isset($_SERVER['HTTP_HOST']) ? $_SERVER['HTTP_HOST'] : null

Action param methods

Action Result

After executing an action, the action creates an action result object inside itself, you can retrieve the action result object through the getResult() method of action object to see if it's successfully executed or encountered an error.

Every action result object is saved in the ActionRunner instance. (the action result pool, which is a singleton object)

You can also fetch action result objects from ActionRunner.

An ActionResult object contains a flag (success or error), a message string, a data stash.

Here is a simple example to check the result error:

if( $result->success ) {

} else {
    // error here


To get an action result from an action object.

$rs = $action->getResult();
if( $rs->success ) {
    $msg = $rs->getMessage();
    $data = $rs->getData();

To get an action result from ActionRunner:

$runner = WebAction\Runner::getInstance();
if( $result = $runner->getResult( 'Login::...' ) ) {
    // check the action result



Record Action is very useful for connecting ORM with front-end form, Record Action passes arguments to model object and validates the arguments from HTTP request.

If all validation passed, and no PDOExcetion was catched, the action result will be generated and ready to send back to front-end.

There are 3 type record actions, which is mapped to CRUD operations:

  1. Create
  2. Update
  3. Delete

The mapped action classes are:

  1. CreateRecordAction
  2. UpdateRecordAction
  3. DeleteRecordAction

Those 3 record action classes inherits BaseRecordAction class.

BaseRecordAction class provides most methods for glueing ORM interface methods and the result data conversion.

RecordAction Synopsis

namespace User\Action\UpdateAction;
use WebAction\RecordAction\UpdateRecordAction;

class UpdateAction extends UpdateRecordAction {

    function schema() 
        // For record actions, we can convert the record columns

        $this->param( 'username' )
            ->label( _('Username') )

        $this->param( 'password' )
            ->validator(function($value) {
                if ($value) {
                    return [false, "reason"];
                return [true, "success!!"];


    function validatePassword( $value , $args ) 
        return $this->valid( $message );

        # or
        return $this->invalid( $message );

    function suggestUsername( $value , $args ) {
        return;  # not to suggest
        return $this->suggest( "$value is used. use: " , array( ... ) );

    function completeCountry( $value , $args ) {



The BaseRecordAction provides the default message interface, to override these messages (for both success and error message) you can simply override the methods:

function successMessage(OperationResult $ret) {
    return _('Your Success Message');

function errorMessage(OperationResult $ret) {
    return _('Your Error Message');

RecordAction Examples


namespace News\Action;
use WebAction\RecordAction\CreateRecordAction;

class CreateNews extends CreateRecordAction
    public $recordClass = 'News\Model\News';


namespace News\Action;
use WebAction\RecordAction\UpdateRecordAction;

class UpdateNews extends UpdateRecordAction
    public $recordClass = 'News\Model\News';

Record Action API

$record = new User\Model\User( 3 ); // primary key = 3
$a = new User\Action\UpdateUser(array( 'nickname' => 'New Name' ) , $record );
$a->invoke();   // which calls $record->update(array( 'nickname' => 'New Name' ) );

RecordAction schema methods

  • useRecordSchema

Record Action Generator

CRUD Actions could be automatically generated, or be manully created by hands.

To generate CreateRecordAction from a model class name

$g = new WebAction\ActionGenerator;
$code = $g->generateClassCode( 'App\Model\User' , 'Create' )->code;

To generate UpdateRecordAction from a model class name

$g = new WebAction\ActionGenerator;
$code = $g->generateClassCode( 'App\Model\User' , 'Update' )->code;

To generate custom action:

$g = new WebAction\ActionGenerator;

$g->register('template name','...template path...');

$g->generate('SortImage', 'template name', array(
    "base_class" => "SortRecordAction",
    "record_class" => "ProductBundle\\Model\\ProductImage",
    ... template variable...

Or even shorter (???):

use WebAction\RecordAction\BaseRecordAction;
$class = BaseRecordAction::createCRUDClass( 'App\Model\Post' , 'Create' );

Or create record actions from record object:

$post = new Post;
$update = $post->asUpdateAction();
$create = $post->asCreateAction();
$delete = $post->asDeleteAction();

Action Widget

Action widgets depends on the parameter definition, the default widget type is TextInput.

$post = new Post;
$update = $post->asUpdateAction();
$html = $update->widget('title')->render();
$html = $update->widget('title')->render( array( 'class' => '....' ));

$html = $update->render('title',array( /* attributes.... */ ));
$html = $update->render( null, array( /* attributes */ )  );

In action schema, the parameters you defined can generate form widgets (with FormKit) automatically.

What you only to do is to define a renderAs attribute for your parameters in your action schema.

For example:

class YourAction extends Action {
    function schema() {

And then, to get the form widget through Action object, you can do:

$action = new YourAction;
$widget = $a->widget('name');

And to render it:

$html = $widget->render(array(  
    'class' => 'extra-class'
    'id' => 'field-id'

For other type widgets, like SelectInput you can specify options:

    'options' => array(
        'Option 1' => '1'
        'Option 2' => '2'
        'Group Option' => array(
            'Suboption 1' => '2.1'
            'Suboption 2' => '2.2'

You can also force a form widget type for widget method, which will override the widget type that you defined previously:

    'false', 'true'

Action View

An action view may contains a formkit layout builder, but an action view build everything for you.

to create an action view, you can simple calls the createView method

$view = $action->createView('+AdminUI\Action\StackView');
$view->render(array( ... render options ... ));

Action rendering throught built-in StackView

By using WebAction StackView, you don't need to write HTML, the form elements are automatically generated.

Here is a StackView synopsis:

$action = new SomeWhatAction;
$view = new WebAction\View\StackView($action, array( ... options ... ));

Use case:

$action = new User\Action\ChangePassword;
$view = new WebAction\View\StackView( $action );
echo $view->render();

And you can render action view via Action's asView method:

    echo $action->asView('WebAction\View\StackView')->render();
    echo $action->asView()->render();  // implies view class WebAction\View\StackView

So that if you're in Twig template, you can do:

{{ action.asView('WebAction\\View\\StackView').render()|raw}}

You can also pass extra options to View class:

echo $action->asView('WebAction\View\StackView', array( ... view options ... ))->render();

Action Rendering (render by pure HTML elements)

You can simply render a HTML form to trigger corresponding action class, in this example we trigger the User\Action\UpdateUser action, which is generated automatically through the Dynamic Action Generator.

<form method="post">
    <!-- action signature -->
    <input type="hidden" name="action"

    <!-- action fields -->
    <input type="text" name="account" value="c9s"/>

    <input type="submit"/>

Action Rendering and Action.js integration

    $(function() {
        Action.form( $('#profile')).setup({
            validation: "msgbox",
            status: true

{{ Web.render_result( update.signature ) |raw}}

{{ update.asView('WebAction\\View\\StackView',{ 
        'form_id': 'profile' 
    }).render() |raw }}

Action Rendering (render field by field)

In controller, you can initialize a action object:

function updateAction() {
    $changePasswordAction = new User\Action\ChangePassword( array( 
        ... values to override field values ... ) , $record );

    return $this->render('some_path.html',array( 
        'changePasswordAction' => $changePasswordAction

Then in template, you can call action API to render these fields by these methods, eg renderSignatureWidget , renderWidget , renderLabel , renderSubmitWidget..etc:

<form method="post">
    # This renders a field named "action" with action signature "User::Action::ChangePassword" 
    {{ changePasswordAction.renderSignatureWidget |raw}}

    {% if CRUD.Record.id %}
        {{ forms.hidden('id', CRUD.Record.id) }}
    {% endif %}

    <h5>Change/Setup password</h5>

    <div class="v-field">
        <div class="label">{% trans 'Password' %}</div>
        <div class="input">
            {{ changePasswordAction.widget('password1').render() |raw }}

    <div class="v-field">
        <div class="label">{% trans 'Password' %}</div>
        <div class="input">
            {{ changePasswordAction.widget('password1').render() |raw }}

    <div class="v-field">
        <div class="label">{% trans 'Password Confirm' %}</div>
        <div class="input">
            {{ changePasswordAction.widget('password2').render() |raw }}

    <div class="button-group">
        {% if CRUD.Record.id %}
            {{ changePasswordAction.renderSubmitWidget({ class: 'create button', value: _('Save') }) |raw }}
        {% else %}
            {{ changePasswordAction.renderSubmitWidget({ class: 'create button', value: _('Create') }) |raw }}
        {% endif %}
        {{ changePasswordAction.renderButtonWidget({ class: 'button', value: _('Close'), onclick: 'Region.of(this).fadeRemove();' }) |raw}}

Front-end Action API

You can execute Actions from front-end, it's more like an API. to send action to execute, you need to include action.js from action assets.

action.js provides a short helper named runAction that helps you to execute Action, you can call runAction function in following forms:

runAction( {Action Signature}, {Arguments});
runAction( {Action Signature}, {Arguments} , {Options});
runAction( {Action Signature}, {Arguments} , {Options}, {Callback} );
runAction( {Action Signature}, {Arguments} , {Callback} );
runAction( {Action Signature}, {Callback} );
runAction( {Action Signature} );

And in the below example, we send Stock::Action::DeleteTransaction to backend with a record id to delete a transaction record, if it's successful, then fade remove the elements from HTML.

<div class="txn">
    <div class="txn-status txn-status-{{ txn.status }}">{{ txn.display('status') }}</div>
    <div class="txn-delete">
        <input type="button" 
            onclick=" runAction('Stock::Action::DeleteTransaction', { 
                            id: {{ txn.id }} 
                        }, { 
                            confirm: '確定刪除嗎? ', 
                            remove: $(this).parents('.txn')
                        });" value="刪除"/>