Yii 2 Project Template
This project is an example of what can be done with https://github.com/2amigos/yii2-config-kit.
It's a proposed application project template for Yii2 projects. This new template is perfect for projects of any size.
Even though the Yii community recommends the usage of the advanced project template, but if we look carefully at that
template you'll soon realize that what it has is simply three applications in one:
backend / frontend / console. So,
what's the difference between that template and this one? A shared common folder and another app? What stops you from doing the
same with this type of starting point architecture? Right, absolutely nothing.
Our knowledge and experience with Yii has taught us that the advanced template is not really necessary to build anything that this
template cannot also handle. Do you wish to create a super-admin application? Then simply add another folder wherever
you wish and inject the shared resources from the
src folder, the
If you are using our proposed template then please take into consideration some recommendations from us:
- Make sure your application logic is not within your models. Yes, avoid that MVC pattern recommendation to have thick models. You will surely end up with many God objects (monolithic models with huge amounts of code that become so hard to maintain that you'll regret the day you started coding them; especially, when you have to port that business logic to a better/newer architecture).
- Keep your controllers thin, your models thinner and your views as clean of PHP and JS code as you can.
- If your application is going to be large, please, do not use the events of your models even though they allow you to do so, make sure they are not being part of a large process. You will end up with a nightmare hard to test, hard to maintain and/or scale. Try to implement the observer pattern differently, allowing your pool of observer objects to be notified about those events. That will make your code easier to test.
gulpfile.jsto keep it as simple as possible. Yii Asset Bundlers are good and serve the purpose for small projects, but be honest, is this where the Web design trends are going nowadays?
Yii is a great framework, because of all the tools that it encapsulates. It has great flexibility and even though a lot of people complain about its inheritance madness and internal design, it is still a good robust framework. We just need to be very cautious with that power, as it could bring you more problems than advantages.
app [ Yii's application related code: commands, components, controllers, bundles, models, modules, | views and widgets ] ├── assets [ contains asset's definitions ] ├── commands [ contains Console commands (Yii names them controllers) ] ├── controllers [ contains Web controller classes ] ├── migrations [ database migrations ] ├── models [ contains model classes ] ├── views [ contains application views ] └── widgets [ contains widget components ] bin [ contains command-line executable scripts ] bootstrap [ contains bootstrap process files ] config [ contains application configuration files ] public [ contains Web application entry script + static resources ] runtime [ contains files generated during application's runtime ] src [ contains domain business logic files. Portable code, free of Yii's code. Build your library here. ] tests [ contains codeception tests for your application ]
The minimum requirement by this project template that your Web server supports PHP 5.4.0. But we highly recommend you use the latest PHP 7+.
If you do not have Composer, you may install it by following the instructions at getcomposer.org.
You can then install this project template using the following command:
php composer.phar create-project --prefer-dist --stability=dev 2amigos/yii2-app-template your-site-name
Once the commands finish simply do the following:
cd your-site-name composer start-server
You will then can access your application on
http://localhost:8080. To stop the server, simply type on your terminal
composer stop-server and it will be stopped. You could also simply
Ctrl+C to stop the script execution.
Please note, that the composer's commands included on this template have been tested on Linux | Mac environments, no Windows sorry.
Tests are located in tests directory. They are developed with Codeception PHP Testing Framework. By default there are 3 test suites:
First run the test server. This command will
index-test.php script on your
web root so you will be able to run your functional and acceptance tests:
Then tests can be execute by running:
composer exec codecept run
Or, if you have codeception installed globally simply:
We have added some development tools for you to check your work for clean code:
- PHP mess detector: Takes a given PHP source code base and look for several potential problems within that source.
- PHP code fixer: Analyzes some PHP source code and tries to fix coding standards issues. Please, modify
.php_csto suit your needs.
And you should use them in that order.
Sample with all options available:
./vendor/bin/phpmd ./src text codesize,unusedcode,naming,design,controversial,cleancode
./vendor/bin/phpcs -s --report=source --standard=PSR2 ./
We have added a PHP code fixer to standardize our code. It includes Symfony, PSR2 and some contributors rules.
./vendor/bin/php-cs-fixer fix ./src --config .php_cs