Environment to develop and run TYPO3 in Docker containers

v10.4.0 2020-06-26 07:33 UTC



  1. Docker(4Mac) 17.09 or greater for build
  2. Docker Compose (included in Docker4Mac)
  3. composer
  4. A Traefik reverse proxy, e.g. docker-frontend or include .docker/env.direct.yml and set WEB_PORT.

Start a new project

  1. composer create-project t3easy/typo3-bootcamp awesome-project.tld
    (Or clone the project with git and checkout the desired branch)
  2. Change to awesome-project.tld / open it in you favorite IDE
  3. Rename .env.dev to .env and adjust it to your needs, see below and comments in the file for more information E.g. VHOST=typo3.localhost
    If you use a .localhost vhost, you can access it with Chrome w/o a host entry.
    See: https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2606#page-2
  4. Add your vhost as a hosts entry for / the box you're running docker on
  5. Start the environment with docker-compose up -d
  6. Setup TYPO3
    1. With TYPO3 Console
      docker-compose exec -u www-data typo3 vendor/bin/typo3cms install:setup
    2. Or with the browser
      docker-compose exec -u www-data typo3 touch /app/private/FIRST_INSTALL
      Open http://typo3.localhost/typo3/install.php and configure TYPO3
  7. Go to


In this file you define the environment you'd like to setup. There are two examples, .env.dev to start an development environment and .env.prod as a template to build and deploy your project.

To check the result, run docker-compose config.
To deploy to a swarm write the result to a file docker-compose config > stack.yml and use it docker stack deploy --compose-file stack.yml myproject


A unique project name. It must not contain dots. E.g. project-typo3version like company-typo3v11 See https://docs.docker.com/compose/reference/envvars/#compose_project_name for more details


Add all necessary compose files separated with :, always start with the root docker-compose.yml to have a proper project name and relative paths. The settings of the last config wins. More at https://docs.docker.com/compose/reference/envvars/#compose_file


The FQDN of the TYPO3 project. It gets prefixed for other services, e.g. if you set VHOST to typo3.localhost, you can reach Adminer at adminer-typo3.localhost and Mailhog at mailhog-typo3.localhost.


Adds additional names to the TYPO3 web service. The value must start with a comma (,). Example ,2nd.domain.tld,3rd.domain.tld


The name of the docker network that Traefik can use to connect to the web service.


Define the restart policy for all services. Should be always for production and no for development.


The image of the db service, see

Example mariadb:10.2


Set the password of the root db user. You should not set the password in the .env file for production setup. Set it on CLI

MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=MyV3rySecretP4sswd docker-compose up -d

or set it in CI variables.


Bind the db service to a specified ip and port. Format IP:Port Use to publish a dynamic port to localhost only. Use to publish the port 13306. Use 13306 to publish 13306 to all available IP. ATTENTION! That allows access from anywhere! The port is mapped to 3306, the MySQL/MariaDB port, inside the container. See Access the database during development via tcp


Build the TYPO3 image with that PHP extensions.


The port the web container expose. Only if you use .docker/env.direct.yml.


Names of the Traefik entrypoints


To build a productive environment use docker-compose -f .docker/build.yml from the root with an prepared .env or by setting REDIS and LDAP in the environment of the builder. If you build on GitLab CI, you can use .docker/env.gitlab.yml to tag your images. See .gitlab-ci.example.yml.


See .gitlab-ci.example.yml for an example how to deploy to docker hosts with GitLab CI. Consider to set COMPOSE_PROJECT_NAME at the deploy job, to be able to deploy the project multiple times to the same docker-host, e.g. testing, staging and live. https://docs.docker.com/compose/reference/envvars/#compose_project_name

Access the database during development via tcp

A dynamic port is mapped to the database service port 3306. To get this port run:

docker-compose ps db

You'll get something like:

      Name                    Command               State             Ports          
project_db_1       docker-entrypoint.sh --cha ...   Up>3306/tcp

where 32770 is the port on the local docker host to connect to.

Run TYPO3 Console commands

To run a command inside the TYPO3 PHP Container use docker-compose: E.g. flush the cache

docker-compose exec -u www-data typo3 typo3cms cache:flush

Import/export the database

Export database

docker-compose exec -T db sh -c 'exec mysqldump --opt --single-transaction -u"$MYSQL_USER" -p"$MYSQL_PASSWORD" "$MYSQL_DATABASE"' > dump.sql

Import a sql dump

docker-compose exec -T db sh -c 'exec mysql -u"$MYSQL_USER" -p"$MYSQL_PASSWORD" "$MYSQL_DATABASE"' < dump.sql
# Setup new/development extensions
docker-compose exec -u www-data typo3 typo3cms extension:setupactive --verbose

Import directly from remote

ssh user@server 'TYPO3_CONTEXT="Production" /path/to/typo3cms database:export' | docker-compose exec -T db sh -c 'exec mysql -u"$MYSQL_USER" -p"$MYSQL_PASSWORD" "$MYSQL_DATABASE"'
# Setup new/development extensions
docker-compose exec -u www-data typo3 typo3cms extension:setupactive --verbose

Why can't you use typo3-console to import/export the database to/from the docker environment

The TYPO3 PHP image does not include mysql or mysqldump binary which are required by typo3-console.

Play with docker

Start a demo stack: