Add CSP headers to the responses of a Laravel app

2.6.0 2020-07-17 06:38 UTC


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By default all scripts on a webpage are allowed to send and fetch data to any site they want. This can be a security problem. Imagine one of your JavaScript dependencies sends all keystrokes, including passwords, to a third party website.

It's very easy for someone to hide this malicious behaviour, making it nearly impossible for you to detect it (unless you manually read all the JavaScript code on your site). For a better idea of why you really need to set content security policy headers read this excellent blog post by David Gilbertson.

Setting Content Security Policy headers helps solve this problem. These headers dictate which sites your site is allowed to contact. This package makes it easy for you to set the right headers.

This readme does not aim to fully explain all the possible usages of CSP and it's directives. We highly recommend that you read Mozilla's documentation on the Content Security Policy) before using this package.

If you're an audio visual learner you should check out this video on how to use this package.

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You can install the package via composer:

composer require spatie/laravel-csp

You can publish the config-file with:

php artisan vendor:publish --provider="Spatie\Csp\CspServiceProvider" --tag="config"

This is the contents of the file which will be published at config/csp.php:

return [

     * A policy will determine which CSP headers will be set. A valid CSP policy is
     * any class that extends `Spatie\Csp\Policies\Policy`
    'policy' => Spatie\Csp\Policies\Basic::class,

     * This policy which will be put in report only mode. This is great for testing out
     * a new policy or changes to existing csp policy without breaking anything.
    'report_only_policy' => '',

     * All violations against the policy will be reported to this url.
     * A great service you could use for this is
     * You can override this setting by calling `reportTo` on your policy.
    'report_uri' => env('CSP_REPORT_URI', ''),

     * Headers will only be added if this setting is set to true.
    'enabled' => env('CSP_ENABLED', true),

     * The class responsible for generating the nonces used in inline tags and headers.
    'nonce_generator' => Spatie\Csp\Nonce\RandomString::class,

You can add CSP headers to all responses of your app by registering Spatie\Csp\AddCspHeaders::class in the http kernel.

// app/Http/Kernel.php


protected $middlewareGroups = [
   'web' => [

Alternatively you can apply the middleware on the route or route group level.

// in a routes file
Route::get('my-page', 'MyController')->middleware(Spatie\Csp\AddCspHeaders::class);

You can also pass a policy class as a parameter to the middleware:

// in a routes file
Route::get('my-page', 'MyController')->middleware(Spatie\Csp\AddCspHeaders::class . ':' . MyPolicy::class);

The given policy will override the one configured in the config file for that specific route or group of routes.


This package allows you to define CSP policies. A CSP policy determines which CSP directives will be set in the headers of the response.

An example of a CSP directive is script-src. If this has the value 'self' then your site can only load scripts from it's own domain or You'll find a list with all CSP directives at Mozilla's excellent developer site.

According to the spec certain directive values need to be surrounded by quotes. Examples of this are 'self', 'none' and 'unsafe-inline'. When using addDirective function you're not required to surround the directive value with quotes manually. We will automatically add quotes. Script/style hashes, as well, will be auto-detected and surrounded with quotes.

// in a policy
   ->addDirective(Directive::SCRIPT, Keyword::SELF) // will output `'self'` when outputting headers
   ->addDirective(Directive::STYLE, 'sha256-hash') // will output `'sha256-hash'` when outputting headers

You can add multiple policy options in the same directive giving an array as second parameter to addDirective or a single string in which every option is separated by one or more spaces.

// in a policy
   ->addDirective(Directive::SCRIPT, [
   ->addDirective(Directive::SCRIPT, 'strict-dynamic self')
   // will both output `'strict_dynamic' 'self'` when outputting headers

There are also a few cases where you don't have to or don't need to specify a value, eg. upgrade-insecure-requests, block-all-mixed-content, ... In this case you can use the following value:

// in a policy
    ->addDirective(Directive::UPGRADE_INSECURE_REQUESTS, Value::NO_VALUE)
    ->addDirective(Directive::BLOCK_ALL_MIXED_CONTENT, Value::NO_VALUE);

This will output a CSP like this:

Content-Security-Policy: upgrade-insecure-requests;block-all-mixed-content

Creating policies

In the policy key of the csp config file is set to \Spatie\Csp\Policies\Basic::class by default. This class allows your site to only use images, scripts, form actions of your own site. This is how the class looks like.

namespace Spatie\Csp\Policies;

use Spatie\Csp\Directive;
use Spatie\Csp\Value;

class Basic extends Policy
    public function configure()
            ->addDirective(Directive::BASE, Keyword::SELF)
            ->addDirective(Directive::CONNECT, Keyword::SELF)
            ->addDirective(Directive::DEFAULT, Keyword::SELF)
            ->addDirective(Directive::FORM_ACTION, Keyword::SELF)
            ->addDirective(Directive::IMG, Keyword::SELF)
            ->addDirective(Directive::MEDIA, Keyword::SELF)
            ->addDirective(Directive::OBJECT, Keyword::NONE)
            ->addDirective(Directive::SCRIPT, Keyword::SELF)
            ->addDirective(Directive::STYLE, Keyword::SELF)

You can allow fetching scripts from by extending this class:

namespace App\Services\Csp\Policies;

use Spatie\Csp\Directive;
use Spatie\Csp\Policies\Basic;

class MyCustomPolicy extends Basic
    public function configure()
        $this->addDirective(Directive::SCRIPT, '');

Don't forget to set the policy key in the csp config file to the class name of your policy (in this case it would be App\Services\Csp\Policies\MyCustomPolicy).

Using inline scripts and styles

When using CSP you must specifically allow the use of inline scripts or styles. The recommended way of doing that with this package is to use a nonce. A nonce is a number that is unique per request. The nonce must be specified in the CSP headers and in an attribute on the html tag. This way an attacker has no way of injecting malicious scripts or styles.

First you must add the nonce to the right directives in your policy:

// in a policy

public function configure()
        ->addDirective(Directive::SCRIPT, 'self')
        ->addDirective(Directive::STYLE, 'self')

Next you must add the nonce to the html:

{{-- in a view --}}
<style nonce="{{ csp_nonce() }}">

<script nonce="{{ csp_nonce() }}">

There are few other options to use inline styles and scripts. Take a look at the CSP docs on the Mozilla developer site to know more.

Reporting CSP errors

In the browser

Instead of outright blocking all violations you can put a policy in report only mode. In this case all requests will be made, but all violations will display in your favourite browser's console.

To put a policy in report only mode just call reportOnly() in the configure() function of a report:

public function configure()

To an external url

Any violations against to the policy can be reported to a given url. You can set that url in the report_uri key of the csp config file. A great service that is specifically built for handling these violation reports is

Using multiple policies

To test changes to your CSP policy you can specify a second policy in the report_only_policy in the csp config key. The policy specified in policy will be enforced, the one in report_only_policy will not. This is great for testing a new policy or changes to existing CSP policy without breaking anything.

Using whoops

Laravel comes with whoops, an error handling framework that helps you debug your application with a pretty visualization of exceptions. Whoops uses inline scripts and styles because it can't make any assumptions about the environment it is being used in, so it won't work unless you allow unsafe-inline for scripts and styles.

One approach to this problem is to check config('app.debug') when setting your policy. Unfortunately this bears the risk of forgetting to test your code with all CSP rules enabled and having your app break at deployment. Alternatively, you could allow unsafe-inline only on error pages by adding this to the render method of your exception handler (usually in app/Exceptions/Handler.php):

$this->container->singleton(AppPolicy::class, function ($app) {
    return new AppPolicy();
app(AppPolicy::class)->addDirective(Directive::SCRIPT, Keyword::UNSAFE_INLINE);
app(AppPolicy::class)->addDirective(Directive::STYLE, Keyword::UNSAFE_INLINE);

where AppPolicy is the name of your CSP policy. This also works in every other situation to change the policy at runtime, in which case the singleton registration should be done in a service provider instead of the exception handler.

Note that unsafe-inline only works if you're not also sending a nonce or a strict-dynamic directive, so to be able to use this workaround, you have to specify all your inline scripts' and styles' hashes in the CSP header.


You can run all the tests with:

composer test


Please see CHANGELOG for more information what has changed recently.


Please see CONTRIBUTING for details.


If you discover any security related issues, please email instead of using the issue tracker.



The MIT License (MIT). Please see License File for more information.