spatie/array-to-xml

Convert an array to xml

2.11.0 2019-06-26 21:54 UTC

README

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This package provides a very simple class to convert an array to an xml string.

Install

You can install this package via composer.

composer require spatie/array-to-xml

Usage

use Spatie\ArrayToXml\ArrayToXml;
...
$array = [
    'Good guy' => [
        'name' => 'Luke Skywalker',
        'weapon' => 'Lightsaber'
    ],
    'Bad guy' => [
        'name' => 'Sauron',
        'weapon' => 'Evil Eye'
    ]
];

$result = ArrayToXml::convert($array);

After running this piece of code $result will contain:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<root>
    <Good_guy>
        <name>Luke Skywalker</name>
        <weapon>Lightsaber</weapon>
    </Good_guy>
    <Bad_guy>
        <name>Sauron</name>
        <weapon>Evil Eye</weapon>
    </Bad_guy>
</root>

Setting the name of the root element

Optionally you can set the name of the rootElement by passing it as the second argument. If you don't specify this argument (or set it to an empty string) "root" will be used.

$result = ArrayToXml::convert($array, 'customrootname');

Handling key names

By default all spaces in the key names of your array will be converted to underscores. If you want to opt out of this behaviour you can set the third argument to false. We'll leave all keynames alone.

$result = ArrayToXml::convert($array, 'customrootname', false);

Adding attributes

You can use a key named _attributes to add attributes to a node, and _value to specify the value.

$array = [
    'Good guy' => [
        '_attributes' => ['attr1' => 'value'],
        'name' => 'Luke Skywalker',
        'weapon' => 'Lightsaber'
    ],
    'Bad guy' => [
        'name' => 'Sauron',
        'weapon' => 'Evil Eye'
    ]
    'The survivor' => [
        '_attributes' => ['house'=>'Hogwarts'],
        '_value' => 'Harry Potter'
    ]
];

$result = ArrayToXml::convert($array);

This code will result in:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<root>
    <Good_guy attr1="value">
        <name>Luke Skywalker</name>
        <weapon>Lightsaber</weapon>
    </Good_guy>
    <Bad_guy>
        <name>Sauron</name>
        <weapon>Evil Eye</weapon>
    </Bad_guy>
    <The_survivor house="Hogwarts">
        Harry Potter
    </The_survivor>
</root>

Using reserved characters

It is also possible to wrap the value of a node into a CDATA section. This allows you to use reserved characters.

$array = [
    'Good guy' => [
        'name' => [
            '_cdata' => '<h1>Luke Skywalker</h1>'
        ],
        'weapon' => 'Lightsaber'
    ],
    'Bad guy' => [
        'name' => '<h1>Sauron</h1>',
        'weapon' => 'Evil Eye'
    ]
];

$result = ArrayToXml::convert($array);

This code will result in:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<root>
    <Good_guy>
        <name><![CDATA[<h1>Luke Skywalker</h1>]]></name>
        <weapon>Lightsaber</weapon>
    </Good_guy>
    <Bad_guy>
        <name>&lt;h1&gt;Sauron&lt;/h1&gt;</name>
        <weapon>Evil Eye</weapon>
    </Bad_guy>
</root>

If your input contains something that cannot be parsed a DOMException will be thrown.

Adding attributes to the root element

To add attributes to the root element provide an array with an _attributes key as the second argument. The root element name can then be set using the rootElementName key.

$result = ArrayToXml::convert($array, [
    'rootElementName' => 'helloyouluckypeople',
    '_attributes' => [
        'xmlns' => 'https://github.com/spatie/array-to-xml',
    ],
], true, 'UTF-8');

Using a multi-dimensional array

Use a multi-dimensional array to create a collection of elements.

$array = [
    'Good guys' => [
        'Guy' => [
            ['name' => 'Luke Skywalker', 'weapon' => 'Lightsaber'],
            ['name' => 'Captain America', 'weapon' => 'Shield'],
        ],
    ],
    'Bad guys' => [
        'Guy' => [
            ['name' => 'Sauron', 'weapon' => 'Evil Eye'],
            ['name' => 'Darth Vader', 'weapon' => 'Lightsaber'],
        ],
    ],
];

This will result in:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<helloyouluckypeople xmlns="https://github.com/spatie/array-to-xml">
    <Good_guys>
        <Guy>
            <name>Luke Skywalker</name>
            <weapon>Lightsaber</weapon>
        </Guy>
        <Guy>
            <name>Captain America</name>
            <weapon>Shield</weapon>
        </Guy>
    </Good_guys>
    <Bad_guys>
        <Guy>
            <name>Sauron</name>
            <weapon>Evil Eye</weapon>
        </Guy>
        <Guy>
            <name>Darth Vader</name>
            <weapon>Lightsaber</weapon>
        </Guy>
    </Bad_guys>
</helloyouluckypeople>

Handling numeric keys

The package can also can handle numeric keys:

$array = [
    100 => [
        'name' => 'Vladimir',
        'nickname' => 'greeflas',
    ],
    200 => [
        'name' => 'Marina',
        'nickname' => 'estacet',
    ],
];

$result = ArrayToXml::convert(['__numeric' => $array]);

This will result in:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<root>
    <numeric_100>
        <name>Vladimir</name>
        <nickname>greeflas</nickname>
    </numeric_100>
    <numeric_200>
        <name>Marina</name>
        <nickname>estacet</nickname>
    </numeric_200>
</root>

You can change key prefix with setter method called setNumericTagNamePrefix().

Setting DOMDocument properties

To set properties of the internal DOMDocument object just pass an array consisting of keys and values. For a full list of valid properties consult https://www.php.net/manual/en/class.domdocument.php.

You can use the constructor to set DOMDocument properties.

$result = ArrayToXml::convert(
   $array, 
   $rootElement, 
   $replaceSpacesByUnderScoresInKeyNames, 
   $xmlEncoding, 
   $xmlVersion, 
   ['formatOutput' => true]
);

Alternatively you can use setDomProperties

$arrayToXml = new ArrayToXml($array);
$arrayToXml->setDomProperties(['formatOutput' => true]);
$result = $arrayToXml->toXml();

Testing

vendor/bin/phpunit

Changelog

Please see CHANGELOG for more information what has changed recently.

Contributing

Please see CONTRIBUTING for details.

Security

If you discover any security related issues, please email freek@spatie.be instead of using the issue tracker.

Postcardware

You're free to use this package, but if it makes it to your production environment we highly appreciate you sending us a postcard from your hometown, mentioning which of our package(s) you are using.

Our address is: Spatie, Samberstraat 69D, 2060 Antwerp, Belgium.

We publish all received postcards on our company website.

Credits

Support us

Spatie is a webdesign agency based in Antwerp, Belgium. You'll find an overview of all our open source projects on our website.

Does your business depend on our contributions? Reach out and support us on Patreon. All pledges will be dedicated to allocating workforce on maintenance and new awesome stuff.

License

The MIT License (MIT). Please see License File for more information.