Perimeter RateLimitBundle

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v0.1.7 2015-04-10 20:57 UTC

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Last update: 2023-09-25 21:48:27 UTC


Build Status

Built on top of the stand-alone rate limiting library rate-limiter-php

Rate Limit those APIs!


$ composer.phar require perimeter/rate-limit-bundle:dev-develop

Get Started

This library helps you rate limit your APIs in two ways:

  • Rate Limit Warning - an X-RATELIMIT-WARNING header is issued in the response, but otherwise the call is unaffected.
  • Rate Limit Exceeded - An HTTP status code of 429 Too Many Requests is returned, and the call is throttled.

Configure your Meter Storage

The simplest option is to use MemoryStorage for meter configuration. Be default the warning header is issued at 80 calls/hour, and the response is throttled at 100 calls/hour. You can change these basic defaults in your service container:

    <parameter key="perimeter.rate_limit.warn_threshold.default">45000</parameter>
    <parameter key="perimeter.rate_limit.limit_threshold.default">50000</parameter>

This will now warn and limit your users at 45,000 and 50,000 calls per hour respectively. You can also customize different meters depending on the authenticated user:

    <parameter key="" type="collection">
        <parameter key="*" type="collection">
            <parameter key="warn_threshold">%perimeter.rate_limit.warn_threshold.default%</parameter>
            <parameter key="limit_threshold">%perimeter.rate_limit.limit_threshold.default%</parameter>
        <parameter key="bshaffer" type="collection">
            <parameter key="warn_threshold">150</parameter>
            <parameter key="limit_threshold">200</parameter>

This means any calls authenticated with the username bshaffer will get warned at 150/hr and limited at 200/hr instead of the default. If you plan on rate limiting by username, the Doctrine Meter Storage is highly recommended.

Doctrine Meter Storage (advanced)

Doctrine meter storage is the best way to configure meters dynamically. First, run the command to create the tables in your database:

php vendor/doctrine/orm/bin/doctrine orm:schema-tool:update --force

Second, you will need to configure your container to use the doctrine storage engine:

    <!-- ... -->
    <service id="" alias="" />

Next, you'll want to create the meters in your doctrine database. Do this using the perimeter:rate-limit-meter command, for example:

$ ./bin/console perimeter:rate-limit-meter * 80 100

You must have a default meter configured when using Doctrine Meter Storage. The command above will create default meters which warn at 80 calls/hour, and rate limit at 100 calls/hr.

You can use the perimeter:rate-limit-meter command to view, create, update, and delete meters. There is also a MeterApiController that exposes a JSON/XML API to do this very thing.

Configuring your Throttler

By default, this library uses the RedisThrottler for keeping track of hits and buckets. If Redis is not an option for throttling, you can use DoctrineThrottler for this as well, although this is not recommended as Redis is much better suited for this kind of thing.

Redis Throttler (default)

This library uses Redis by default. To get started with the redis throttler, as long as redis is running on localhost:6379, you don't have to do anything! If your redis server is running somewhere else, just configure perimeter.rate_limit.redis_client.url in your container to point to the proper host and port.

Doctrine Throttler

Be sure to run the following command to create the rate_limit_bucket table in your database:

php vendor/doctrine/orm/bin/doctrine orm:schema-tool:update --force

Now, configure your container to use Perimeter\RateLimiter\Throttler\DoctrineThrottler by making the throttler service ID an alias to the doctrine throttler:

    <!-- ... -->
    <service id="perimeter.rate_limit.throttler" alias="perimeter.rate_limit.throttler.doctrine" />