DebugBar for SilverStripe CMS
You can install the debug bar with Composer:
composer require --dev lekoala/silverstripe-debugbar
- Execution timeline
- Database profiling
- System logs and messages
- Template use
- Partial caching hits and misses
- Environment and other information
- Helper methods
- Configuration options
SilverStripe Debug Bar is a wrapper for PHP DebugBar which integrates with SilverStripe to provide more useful information about your projects. The Debug Bar can help you to easily identify performance issues, analyse environment settings and discover which parts of your code are being used.
For example, if your application is running the same database query multiple times in a loop, or a certain controller action is taking a long time to run, Debug Bar will highlight these bottlenecks so you can take steps to improve your overall site performance.
This module will:
- Log framework execution based on available hooks
- Log and profile database calls
- Show all SilverStripe log entries
- Show all session, cookie, requirements, SiteConfig and request data
- Show current locale, framework/CMS version, current member
- Show request timing/profiling and memory consumption
The DebugBar is automatically injected into any HTML response through the
DebugBarMiddleware, and will only run in "dev" mode.
The execution timeline ("Timeline" tab) provides you with a graphical overview of each controller and action, listing how long it takes for each to complete.
The example above is from loading a page in the CMS.
The "Database" tab allows you to view a list of all the database operations that a page request has made, and will group duplicated queries together. This can be useful to identify areas where performance can be improved, such as using
DataObject::get_by_id() (which caches the result) instead of
By clicking on one of the duplicate group badges in the bottom right corner, you can see groups of duplicated queries:
To help you in debugging and optimising your application, it is recommended to leave the
find_source option on. This will help you to identify what triggers the query and where to implement caching appropriately.
If you are using
?showqueries=1, you will also see that the usage has been optimised to display all queries nicely and their result on the page.
Also remember that if you use the
d() helper, any string variable with "sql" in the name will be formatted as a SQL string.
When some queries take a long time to run they will be highlighted in red, with the request time (right hand side per item) highlighted in bold red text. The threshold for this time can be adjusted by modifying the
DebugBar.warn_dbqueries_threshold_seconds configuration setting.
Note: The above example has been adjusted to be deliberately short. The default threshold value is one second for a long running query.
If a page request performance is more than a certain number of queries, a warning message will be sent to the "Messages" tab. You can adjust the threshold for this with the
DebugBar.warn_query_limit configuration setting.
The "Messages" tab will show you a list of anything that has been processed by a SilverStripe logger during a page execution:
You can filter the list by type by clicking on one of the log level buttons in the bottom right corner.
Note: At times, other DebugBar components may also send messages to this tab.
The "Templates" tab will show you how many template calls were made, and the file path relative to the project root directory for each.
This will only be populated when you are flushing your cache (
?flush=1). When templates are cached, a notice will be displayed letting you know to flush to see the full list.
The "TemplateCache" tab shows how effective your chosen partial cache key is (e.g.
<% cached 'navigation', $LastEdited %>...<% end_cached %>). It does
this by indicating whether a key has hit a cache or not.
There is a variety of other useful information available via various tabs and indicators on the debug bar. See the screenshot below, and the arrows explained in order from left to right:
- Session: Displays a list of everything in your current SilverStripe session
- Cookies: Displays a list of all cookies available in a request
- Parameters: Displays all GET, POST and REQUEST parameters from the current request
- Config: Displays a list of the current SiteConfig settings from the CMS
- Requirements: Shows a list of all
Requirementscalls made during a page's execution
Hover over indicators to see:
- Locale: The locale currently being used in the site
- Version: The current SilverStripe software version being used
- User: The name of the user currently logged in
- Memory usage: The amount of memory used to generate a page
- Request time: The total time to generate a page (see below)
The request time indicator shows you how long it took for the server to render a page, it doesn't include the time your browser takes to render it. You can use browser consoles to profile this aspect.
- For a regular page load, the request time will have a green underline to indicate a healthy speed
- For a slower page load, the request time will have an orange underline to indicate that it took longer than it perhaps should have, but is still OK
- For a long page load, the request time will have a red underline to indicate that it is potentially dangerously slow
The threshold for a dangerously slow page load can be configured with the
DebugBar.warn_request_time_seconds configuration setting.
The threshold for a slower/warning level indicator is defined as a percentage of the dangerous threshold (by default, 50%). This can be adjusted by modifying the
DebugBar.warn_warning_ratio configuration setting.
d() function helps you to quickly debug code. It will use the Symfony VarDumper to display the data in a "pretty" way.
In an XHR/AJAX context, it will simply display the data in a more simple fashion.
d() is called without arguments, it will display all objects in the debug backtrace. It will display the variable name before its content to make it easy to identify data amongst multiple values.
Any call to
d() with "sql" in the name of the variable will output a properly formatted SQL query, for instance:
l() function helps you to log messages, and since they will appear in the "Messages" tab, it is very useful.
Wherever possible, features and settings have been made configurable. You can see a list of the default configuration settings by looking at
_config/debugbar.yml. To modify any of these settings you can define a YAML configuration block in your
mysite/_config folder, for example:
--- Name: mysitedebugbar --- LeKoala\DebugBar\DebugBar: enabled_in_admin: false query_limit: 500
||bool||Store all previous request in the temp folder (enabled by default)|
||bool||Automatically collect debug and debug_request data (disabled by default)|
||bool||Automatically inject data in XHR requests (disabled by default, since this makes the Chrome request inspector very slow due to the large amount of header data)|
||bool||Always use the database proxy instead of built in PDO collector (enabled by default)|
||bool||Do not display the DebugBar if not using a local ip (enabled by default)|
||bool||Trace which file generates a database query (enabled by default)|
||bool||enable DebugBar in the CMS (enabled by default)|
||bool||Let DebugBar include jQuery. Set this to false to include your own jQuery version|
||int||Maximum number of database queries to display (200 by default for performance reasons)|
||int||Number of database queries before a warning will be displayed|
||string||When a warning is shown for a high number of DB queries, the following link will be used for a performance guide|
||int||Threshold (seconds) for how long a database query can run for before it will be shown as a warning|
||int||Threshold (seconds) for what constitutes a dangerously long page request (upper limit)|
||float||Ratio to divide the warning request time by to get the warning level (default 0.5)|
||bool||Show the fully qualified namespace in the Database tab when set to true. Defaults to false|
||bool||Show the config tab. Defaults to true|
||bool||Show the partial cache tab. Defaults to true|
||bool||Show the email tab. Defaults to true|
You can disable the debug bar with PHP or configuration:
LeKoala\DebugBar\DebugBar: disabled: true
If you are using Vagrant (or presumably Docker or other virtualisation) and the DebugBar
isn't showing up, make sure you have the
check_local_ip config option set to
is due to the way Vagrant and Virtualbox configure networking by default.
The DebugBar will include its own version of jQuery by default. It will only be disabled in the admin (which already use jQuery).
If you have added jQuery in your requirements (filename must be jquery.js or jquery.min.js), the DebugBar will not load its own jQuery version. You can also set the following configuration flag to false to prevent the DebugBar from including its own jQuery.
LeKoala\DebugBar\DebugBar: include_jquery: false
If you are including jQuery yourself, it is expected you include it in
Below is an example of how to the jQuery which ships with the framework:
LeKoala\DebugBar\Extension\ControllerExtension will include for you all the required assets for DebugBar.
This is done using the
onAfterInit extension hook, however on the
Security controller the
onAfterInit is called before your
method in the
Since you need to add jQuery before DebugBar this may be a problem, and therefore requirements will NOT be included on the
If you want DebugBar to work on the
Security controller, make sure to include all relevant requirements by calling
DebugBar::includeRequirements(); after you include jQuery. When DebugBar is disabled this call will be ignored. Also note that any subsequent call to this method will be ignored as well.
LeKoala - firstname.lastname@example.org
This module is licensed under the MIT license.