Simple way to handle Bref Lambda hooks

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0.2.6 2020-11-27 09:57 UTC

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Last update: 2024-06-28 18:48:43 UTC


Bref Hook Handler

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This small library helps you to make sure the new version of your lambda application is actually working before you directing traffic it. It makes it simple to run a "PreTrafficHook".


composer require happyr/bref-hook-handler

We also need serverless-plugin-canary-deployments from davidgf:

npm i --save-dev serverless-plugin-canary-deployments


The idea is to create a new lambda function that can verify that everything is working. When we are sure all things are green, we will signal CodeDeploy to allow real traffic.

Example serverless.yml

service: canary-example
frameworkVersion: ">=1.69.0 <2.0.0"

# Bref and canary plugins
  - ./vendor/bref/bref
  - serverless-plugin-canary-deployments

  name: aws
  region: eu-north-1
  runtime: provided
  memorySize: 1792
    # Optional add the name of our main lambda function as env var
    HOOK_VERIFY_FUNCTION_NAME: ${self:service}-${opt:stage, "dev"}-website

  # Add IAM roles to use CodeDeploy and to be able to invoke our lambda function.
    - Effect: Allow
        - codedeploy:*
        - "*"
    - Effect: Allow
        - lambda:InvokeFunction
        - arn:aws:lambda:${self:provider.region}:99999999:function:${self:service}-${opt:stage, "dev"}-website

    handler: public/index.php
    description: ''
    timeout: 8
      - ${bref:layer.php-74-fpm}
      - http: 'ANY /'
      - http: 'ANY /{proxy+}'

    # Add deployment settings. This says: Deploy all at once if "preHook" says it is okey
      type: AllAtOnce
      alias: Live
      preTrafficHook: preHook

  # Define a PHP script to run to verify deployment.
    handler: prehook.php
    description: 'To verify deployment before allowing traffic'
    timeout: 10
      - ${bref:layer.php-74}

Example prehook.php

The prehook script is where you start your application kernel, test writing to the database, dispatch a message on the queue etc etc. If you use the HookHandler it will automatically communicate back to CodeDeploy.

One can of course add as much or little logic as one need.


require dirname(__DIR__).'/vendor/autoload.php';

use Happyr\BrefHookHandler\ApiGatewayFaker;
use Happyr\BrefHookHandler\HookHandler;

return new class extends HookHandler {

    protected function validateDeployment(): bool
        $apiGateway = new ApiGatewayFaker(\getenv('HOOK_VERIFY_FUNCTION_NAME'));
        $response = $apiGateway->request('GET', '/');
        $response->assertBodyContains('Welcome to our site');

        $kernel = new \App\Kernel('prod', false);

        // If no exceptions were thrown and we return true, then we will
        // signal CodeDeploy to allow traffic
        return true;

Making HTTP requests

In the example above we are making a HTTP request to our homepage. We cannot use API Gateway because it does not route traffic to the new Lambda version. So we invoke the lambda version directly with parameters that look like it comes from ApiGateway. The ApiGatewayFaker helps us with that.

This is the only reason why we need to configure lambda:InvokeFunction in the IAM Role.


If the prehook.php does not make a request to CodeDeploy then the deployment will hey stuck at "Checking Stack update progress". This is a good thing. This ensures that the prehook script always reports "Succeeded".

Check the CloudWatch logs if this happens.

Cool, lets to canary deployments!

It is tempting to change the deploymentSettings.type to something else but "AllAtOnce" to expose your new version to 10% of the requests first... But it might not be optimal. Consider reading this article first: https://lumigo.io/blog/canary-deployment-for-aws-lambda/