goetas/twital

PHP templating engine that combines Twig and PHPTal power points

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Language: PHP

0.1.8 2015-08-08 11:07 UTC

README

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Twital is a small "plugin" for Twig (a template engine for PHP) that adds some shortcuts and makes Twig's syntax more suitable for HTML based (XML, HTML5, XHTML, SGML) templates. Twital takes inspiration from PHPTal, TAL and AngularJS (just for some aspects), mixing their language syntaxes with the powerful Twig templating engine system.

To better understand the Twital's benefits, consider the following Twital template, which simply shows a list of users from an array:

<ul t:if="users">
    <li t:for="user in users">
        {{ user.name }}
    </li>
</ul>

To do the same thing using Twig, you need:

{% if users %}
    <ul>
        {% for user in users %}
            <li>
                {{ user.name }}
            </li>
        {% endfor %}
    </ul>
{% endif %}

As you can see, the Twital template is more readable, less verbose and and you don't have to worry about opening and closing block instructions (they are inherited from the HTML structure).

One of the main advantages of Twital is the implicit presence of control statements, which makes templates more readable and less verbose. Furthermore, it has all Twig functionalities, such as template inheritance, translations, looping, filtering, escaping, etc.

If some Twig functionality is not directly available for Twital, you can freely mix Twig and Twital syntaxes.

In the example below, we have mixed Twital and Twig syntaxes to use Twig custom tags:

<h1 t:if="users">
    {% custom_tag %}
        {{ someUnsafeVariable }}
    {% endcustom_tag %}
</h1>

When needed, you can extend from a Twig template:

<t:extends from="layout.twig">

    <t:block name="content">
        Hello {{name}}!
    </t:block>

</t:extends>

You can also extend from Twig a Twital template:

{% extends "layout.twital" %}

{% block content %}
    Hello {{name}}!
{% endblock %}

Installation

There are two recommended ways to install Twital via Composer:

  • using the composer require command:
composer require 'goetas/twital:0.1.*'
  • adding the dependency to your composer.json file:
"require": {
    ..
    "goetas/twital":"0.1.*",
    ..
}

Documentation

Go here http://twital.readthedocs.org/ to read a more detailed documentation about Twital.

Getting started

First, you have to create a file that contains your template (named for example demo.twital.html):

<div t:if="name">
    Hello {{ name }}
</div>

Afterwards, you have to create a PHP script that instantiate the required objects:

require_once '/path/to/composer/vendor/autoload.php';
use Goetas\Twital\TwitalLoader;

$fileLoader = new Twig_Loader_Filesystem('/path/to/templates');
$twitalLoader = new TwitalLoader($fileLoader);

$twig = new Twig_Environment($twitalLoader);
echo $twig->render('demo.twital.html', array('name' => 'John'));

That's all!

Symfony2 Users

If you are a Symfony2 user, you can add Twital to your project using the TwitalBundle.

The bundle integrates all most common functionalities as Assetic, Forms, Translations, Routing, etc.

Note

I'm sorry for the terrible english fluency used inside the documentation, I'm trying to improve it. Pull Requests are welcome.