Simple, async multicast DNS (mDNS) resolver for zeroconf networking, built on top of ReactPHP.

v0.2.0 2016-03-08 00:03 UTC

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Last update: 2024-04-08 16:02:39 UTC


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Simple, async multicast DNS (mDNS) resolver for zeroconf networking, built on top of ReactPHP.

Multicast DNS name resolution is commonly used as part of zeroconf networking. It is used by Mac OS X (Bonjour), many Linux distributions (Avahi) and quite a few other networking devices such as printers, camers etc. to resolve hostnames of your local LAN clients to IP addresses.

This library implements the mDNS protocol as defined in RFC 6762. Note that this protocol is related to, but independent of, DNS-Based Service Discovery (DNS-SD) as defined in RFC 6763.

Table of Contents

Note: This project is in beta stage! Feel free to report any issues you encounter.

Quickstart example

Once installed, you can use the following code to look up the address of a local domain name:


require __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php';

$factory = new Clue\React\Mdns\Factory();
$resolver = $factory->createResolver();

$resolver->resolve('hostname.local')->then(function ($ip) {
    echo 'Found: ' . $ip . PHP_EOL;
}, function (Exception $e) {
    echo 'Error: ' . $e->getMessage() . PHP_EOL;

See also the examples.



The Factory is responsible for creating your Resolver instance.

$factory = new Factory();

This class takes an optional LoopInterface|null $loop parameter that can be used to pass the event loop instance to use for this object. You can use a null value here in order to use the default loop. This value SHOULD NOT be given unless you're sure you want to explicitly use a given event loop instance.


The createResolver() method can be used to create a mDNS resolver instance that sends multicast DNS queries and waits for incoming unicast DNS responses. It returns a Resolver instance.

$resolver = $factory->createResolver();


The Factory creates instances of the React\Dns\Resolver\Resolver class from the react/dns package.

While ReactPHP's normal DNS resolver uses unicast UDP messages (and TCP streams) to query a given nameserver, this resolver instance uses multicast UDP messages to query all reachable hosts in your network.


Sending queries is async (non-blocking), so you can actually send multiple DNS queries in parallel. The mDNS hosts will respond to each DNS query message with a DNS response message. The order is not guaranteed. Sending queries uses a Promise-based interface that makes it easy to react to when a query is fulfilled (i.e. either successfully resolved or rejected with an error):

    function ($ip) {
        // IP successfully resolved
    function (Exception $e) {
        // an error occurred while looking up the given hostname

Please refer to the DNS documentation for more details.


As stated above, this library provides you a powerful, async API by default.

If, however, you want to integrate this into your traditional, blocking environment, you should look into also using clue/reactphp-block.

The resulting blocking code could look something like this:


require __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php';

use Clue\React\Block;

$factory = new Clue\React\Mdns\Factory();
$resolver = $factory->createResolver();

$promise = $resolver->resolve('me.local');

try {
    $ip = Block\await($promise, $loop);
    // IP successfully resolved
} catch (Exception $e) {
    // an error occurred while performing the request

Similarly, you can also process multiple lookups concurrently and await an array of results:

$promises = array(

$ips = Block\awaitAll($promises, $loop);

Please refer to clue/reactphp-block for more details.


The recommended way to install this library is through Composer. New to Composer?

composer require clue/mdns-react:~0.2.0

See also the CHANGELOG for details about version upgrades.

This project aims to run on any platform and thus does not require any PHP extensions and supports running on legacy PHP 5.3 through current PHP 8+ and HHVM. It's highly recommended to use the latest supported PHP version for this project.


To run the test suite, you first need to clone this repo and then install all dependencies through Composer:

composer install

To run the test suite, go to the project root and run:



This project is released under the permissive MIT license.

Did you know that I offer custom development services and issuing invoices for sponsorships of releases and for contributions? Contact me (@clue) for details.