Codeception WordPress testing with Docker.

v0.8.4 2023-11-25 13:03 UTC


A CLI wrapper for Codeception with wp-browser that containerizes and automates environment creation for WordPress integration testing. Jump to Quickstart Guide

Background (Why?)

Until recently, integration testing in WordPress has basically been a pipe-dream. The barrier to entry for setting up a fully functioning environment just for integration testing is simply too high for most people.

Then came Codeception and wp-browser. Codeception is a PHP testing framework that allows developers to easily write end-to-end integration tests, while wp-browser is a module for Codeception that allows you to write tests in a WordPress context (similar to WordPress core tests). These two tools used in tandem are very powerful, but the original problem remains:

setting up an environment...

Docker to the Rescue

This library automates environment creation and puts everything in Docker containers. THERE ARE NO INTERACTIVE PROMPTS. The whole purpose of integration testing is automation. Integration environment creation should be no different.

The only thing required is a codecept-docker.json config file in the root folder of your project, which at a minimum must specify whether the root folder is a plugin or theme. The CLI then mounts the root folder in the WordPress container as a plugin/theme. This config can also be used to specify which WordPress and PHP versions to install, which plugins/themes to install, etc.

By default, the containers created are prefixed with the name of the root folder where this package is installed. This allows having multiple non-conflicting environments on a per-project basis.

After the environment is created, the WordPress container acts like a proxy to the codecept command. All tests are then invoked from within the WordPress container.

The end result is that the developer doesn't need to know any details about the environment their tests run in. Just start it and GO!

Main Features

  • Automatic setup and configuration of WordPress, MySQL, and phpMyAdmin containers
  • Automatic setup and configuration of Selenoid, a Docker solution for WPWebDriver tests
  • Automatic per-test video recording for WPWebDriver tests. (ie. myFirstTest.success.mp4)
  • Snapshot feature that greatly speeds up WordPress container restarts
  • WP-CLI for easy customization of the WordPress install


  • PHP 7.2^
  • composer
  • docker


composer require --dev aivec/codecept-docker

Quickstart Guide

Create the Scaffolding

The following commands only need to be run the very first time you install this package. There are 2 steps:

First, create a codecept-docker.json config file:

# --type may be 'plugin', 'theme', or 'other'
./vendor/bin/aivec-codecept create-config --type=plugin

Second, generate the Codeception folders/files:

./vendor/bin/aivec-codecept bootstrap --with-sample-tests

Start the Containers

Finally, spin up the containers. If it's your very first time it may take a while:

./vendor/bin/aivec-codecept up

Run the Tests

All suites, excluding unit tests, must be run from within the container with the aivec-codecept codecept command. Lets run the sample test created for the wpunit suite with the folliwing:

./vendor/bin/aivec-codecept codecept run wpunit

Thats it!

The aivec-codecept codecept command behaves exactly like the normal codecept command, except that it is invoked from within the WordPress container. Use this command in place of the normal codecept command for running tests.