VIP Go site environment

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dev-master 2020-09-08 21:10 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2020-09-15 21:20:21 UTC


Build Status

Site setup, development environment and deploy tooling for WordPress VIP Go:

  • Uses Composer for adding project dependencies, including plugins and themes.
  • Uses Composer autoloader for using any of the popular PHP packages anywhere in the codebase.
  • Includes a local development environment based on Docker with support for PHP Xdebug and a mail catcher.
  • Includes automated build and deploy pipelines to WordPress VIP Go using Travis CI.

Links & Resources


VIP Go Configuration

The following configuration must be requested from VIP Go to use this site repository:

  1. Deployments from *-built branches such as master-built and develop-built.
  2. Staging environment tracking the develop-built branch.

Install Dependencies

We suggest using Homebrew on macOS or Chocolatey for Windows to install the project dependencies.

brew install git php composer node@12 mkcert
brew cask install docker

Code Editor and Git Client

This repository includes a list of suggested extensions for the Visual Studio Code editor and Xdebug support in the .vscode directory.

A user-friendly Git client such as GitHub Desktop or Tower enables smaller commits and simplifies merge conflict resolution.


  • Project plugins and themes can be added as Composer dependencies or manualy to this repository under plugins/your-plugin and themes/your-theme.
  • Composer dependencies are placed under plugins/vendor since it has to be in the same location relative to the project root (which is not the case for vip-config which is mapped to the WP root directory on the server).
  • Composer autoloader plugins/vendor/autoload.php is included in publicvip-config/vip-config.php.

Initial Setup

Important: This section can be deleted once you've completed the initial setup from the VIP Go Site template.

  1. Ensure that VIP has configured the site to deploy from the *-built branches.

  2. Create a fresh Git repository from this reference repository:

     composer create-project xwp/vip-go-site --stability dev
  3. Add your theme and plugins as Composer dependencies:

     composer require your/theme your/plugin another/plugin

    or by manually copying them to themes or plugins. Remember to start tracking those directories by excluding them in themes/.gitignore and plugins/.gitignore.

  4. Add the VIP Go upstream repository as another remote to this repository locally and force-push the current master to that upstream repository to override the master branch with this. Do the same for the develop branch.

Setup 🛠

  1. Clone this repository:

     git clone git@github.com:wpcomvip/example.git
  2. Move into the project directory:

     cd example
  3. Install the project dependencies:

     npm install
  4. Start the development environment using Docker:

     npm run start

    and npm run stop to stop the virtual environment at any time. Run npm run start-debug to start the environment in debug mode where all output from containers is displayed. Run npm run stop-all to stop all active Docker containers in case you're running into port conflicts.

  5. Install the local WordPress multisite environment:

     npm run setup

    with the configuration from local/wp-cli.yml.

  6. Visit local.devgo.vip to view the development environment. WordPress username devgo and password devgo.

  7. Visit mail.local.devgo.vip to view all emails sent by WordPress.

The local development environment uses a self-signed SSL sertificate for HTTPS so the "Your connection is not private" error can be ignored to visit the site.


  1. Setup the local environment environment as described in the "Setup" section above.

  2. Create a Git branch such as feature/name or fix/vertical-scroll when you start working on a feature or a bug fix. Commit your work to that branch until it's ready for quality assurance and testing.

  3. Open a pull request from your feature branch to the develop branch or the staging environment.

  4. Review any feedback from the automated checks. Note that your local environment is configured to automatically check for any issues before each commit so there should be very few issues if you commit early and often.

  5. Merge the feature branch into develop on GitHub if all check pass. The automated Travis CI workflow (see the "Deployments" section below for details) will deploy it to the develop-built branch.

  6. Test your feature on the VIP Go staging server. Open a new pull request from the same feature branch to develop if any fixes or changes are necessary.

  7. Once the feature is ready for production, open a new pull request from the same feature branch to the master branch.

  8. Ensure that all automated checks pass and merge in the pull request. The automated Travis CI workflow will deploy it to the master-build branch.

Plugins and Themes

Add new themes and plugins as Composer dependencies:

composer require your/theme your/plugin another/plugin

or manually copy them to themes, plugins or client-mu-plugins directories. Remember to start tracking the directories copied manually by excluding them from being ignored in themes/.gitignore and plugins/.gitignore.

Use client-mu-plugins/plugin-loader.php to force-enable certain plugins.

To update plugins and themes added as Composer dependencies, use composer install package/name or composer install --dev package/name where package/name is the name of the plugin or theme package. Be sure to commit the updated composer.json with composer.lock to the GitHub repository.

For manually installed plugins and themes replace the directory with the updated set of files and commit them to the GitHub repository.

Local Development Environment

We use Docker containers to replicate the VIP Go production environment with all VIP dependencies added as Composer packages and mapped to specific directories inside the containers as defined in docker-compose.yml.

Requests to port 80 of the container host are captured by an Nginx proxy container that routes all requests to the necessary service container based on the HTTP host name.

Importing and Exporting Data

Use VaultPress to download the database data from the production environment.

  • Run npm run cli -- wp db export to export and backup the database of your local development environment which will place a file like wordpress-2020-03-04-448b132.sql in the local/public/wp directory.

  • Run npm run cli -- wp db import export.sql to import local/public/wp/export.sql into your local development environment. Run cat export/*.sql > combined.sql to combine all .sql files in the export directory into one combined.sql file for quicker import (useful for working with exports from VaultPress).

  • Run npm run cli -- bash -c "pv import.sql | wp db query" to import a large database file local/public/wp/import.sql while monitoring the progress with pv which is bundled with the WordPress container. The bash -c prefix allows us to run multiple commands inside the container without affecting the main npm run cli command.

Scripts 🧰

We use npm as the canonical task runner for things like linting files and creating release bundles. Composer scripts (defined in composer.json) are used only for PHP related tasks and they have a wrapper npm script in package.json for consistency with the rest of the registered tasks.

  • npm run start and npm run stop to start and stop the local development environment. Run npm run start-debug to start the environment in debug mode where all output from containers is displayed. Run npm run stop-all to stop all active Docker containers in case you're running into port conflicts. Run npm run stop -- --volumes to stop the project containers and delete the database data volume.

  • npm run lint to check source code against the defined coding standards.

  • npm run cli -- wp help where wp help is any command to run inside the WordPress docker container. For example, run npm run cli -- wp plugin list to list all of the available plugins or npm run cli -- composer update to update the Composer dependencies using the PHP binary in the container instead of your host machine. Run npm run cli -- wp user create devgo local@devgo.vip --role=administrator --user_pass=devgo to create a new administrator user with devgo as username and password.

  • npm run vip to run VIP CLI commands on staging and production environments.

Deployments 🚀

The deployment process always starts from the same clean state which enables reproducable builds accross different environments such as local development machines and continuous integration services.

Deployments to the VIP Go upstream repository are handled automatically by the Travis CI build process after a feature branch is merged into master for production or develop for staging.

The Travis CI process (see .travis.yml) checks the code against the VIP coding standards, builds the release bundle and pushes the changes to the master-built branch for production or develop-built for staging deployment.

Internally it runs the local/scripts/deploy.sh script which does a clean checkout of the deploy source branch to local/deploy/src, runs the build process and copies the project files with the release artifects to deploy/dist using rsync. It then commits the changes to the matching *-built branch which is then imported by the VIP Go servers.

⏳Check the Travis CI dashboard to monitor the progress of the automated deployments and check the NewRelic reports for any issues or errors.