Wordpress Plugin Boilerplate

0.1.0 2021-01-08 11:17 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2022-11-16 07:19:17 UTC


Build Status PHP 7.1+

Plugin boilerplate with modern tools to kickstart your WordPress project
This includes common and modern tools to facilitate plugin development and testing with an organized, object-oriented structure and kick-start a build-workflow for your WordPress plugins.
  • The Boilerplate is based on the Plugin API , Coding Standards, and Documentation Standards.
  • Includes Composer, Requirements micropackage to test environment requirements for your plugin, Codeception to do unit/acceptance testing, PHPCodeSniffer with WordPress Coding Standards to validate your code, TravisCI configuration for automatic testing & continuous integration, object-oriented code structure for better overview, an automatic class loader that automatically instantiate classes based on type of request.
  • This can be combined with the Webpack 5 workflow for front-end development using the npx quickstart script that includes the Webpack v5 bundler, BabelJS v7, BrowserSync v2, PostCSS v8, PurgeCSS v3, Autoprefixer, Eslint, Stylelint, SCSS processor, WPPot, and more.



Should be run inside your plugins folder (wp-content/plugins).

npx wp-strap plugin

You can also use the npx script with predefined answers to get a quicker start

npx wp-strap plugin "projectName:Your plugin name" "description:Test the plugin" "pluginVersion:1.0.0" license:MIT "author:The Dev Company" authorEmail:hello@the-dev-company.com url:the-dev-company.com webpack:Y codesniffer:Y codeception:Y travisCi:Y css:Sass+PostCSS

It will take a couple of minutes to install after your terminal input; it will clone the git repo's, search and replace all the plugin data, do a composer install, and when it's combined with the Webpack workflow then it wil also do a npm install

Read more about the configuration & build scripts

Features & benefits


Composer (Namespaces + PSR4 autoloader + Dependency manager)

  • Namespace support to group all of your code under a custom name. That way, your classes, functions, and so on don’t clash with other people’s code running on the site at the same time
  • PSR-4 Autoloader to autoload files and directories in connection with namespaces
  • Includes a dependency manager to easily load in 3rd party libraries from packagist, locked onto specific versions

Object-oriented & classes autoloader

PHPCodeSniffer + WordPress Coding Standards + Automattic's phpcs-neutron-ruleset

  • PHP CodeSniffer is built in with predefined configuration for proper linting. PHP_CodeSniffer is an essential development tool that ensures your code remains clean and consistent.
  • PHPCS is extended with the WordPress Coding Standards & PHPCompatibilityWP for PHP_CodeSniffer which is a collection of PHP_CodeSniffer rules (sniffs) to validate code developed for WordPress. It ensures code quality and adherence to coding conventions, especially the official WordPress Coding Standards.
  • PHPCS is also extented with Automattic's phpcs-neutron-ruleset which is a set of modern (PHP >7) linting guidelines for WordPress development.

Codeception (unit/acceptance testing)

  • Codeception is built in which combines all testing levels (acceptance, functional, integration, unit) with WordPress defined functions, constants, classes and methods in any test.
  • With a flexible set of included modules, tests are easy to write, easy to use, and easy to maintain.

Plugin requirements

  • Requirements micropackage is built in that allows you to test environment requirements to run your plugin. It can test: PHP version, PHP Extensions, WordPress version, Active plugins, Current theme, DocHooks support
  • Easily to configure using a simple array
  • If the plugin doesn't pass the test then it will disable the plugin automatically for the user in WordPress and show a notification in the back-end


  • Ready to use TravisCI configuration for automatic testing & continuous integration which currently only validates the plugin code with PHPCodeSniffer during automated testing when being deployed, but can also be extended to test unit/acceptance cases from Codeception

Prettified errors & Classes debug array

Frontend (Webpack)

For front-end tooling the webpack workflow is being cloned. Read more about this workflow here: https://github.com/wp-strap/wordpress-webpack-workflow

Styling (CSS)

  • Minification in production mode handled by Webpack
  • PostCSS for handy tools during post CSS transformation using Webpack's PostCSS-loader
  • Auto-prefixing using PostCSS's autoprefixer to parse CSS and add vendor prefixes to CSS rules using values from Can I Use. It is recommended by Google and used in Twitter and Alibaba.
  • PurgeCSS which scans your php (template) files to remove unused selectors from your css when in production mode, resulting in smaller css files.
  • Sourcemaps generation for debugging purposes with various styles of source mapping handled by WebPack
  • Stylelint that helps you avoid errors and enforce conventions in your styles. It includes a linting tool for Sass.

Styling when using PostCSS-only

  • Includes postcss-import to consume local files, node modules or web_modules with the @import statement
  • Includes postcss-import-ext-glob that extends postcss-import path resolver to allow glob usage as a path
  • Includes postcss-nested to unwrap nested rules like how Sass does it.
  • Includes postcss-nested-ancestors that introduces ^& selector which let you reference any parent ancestor selector with an easy and customizable interface
  • Includes postcss-advanced-variables that lets you use Sass-like variables, conditionals, and iterators in CSS.

Styling when using Sass+PostCSS


  • BabelJS Webpack loader to use next generation Javascript with a BabelJS Configuration file
  • Minification in production mode
  • Code Splitting, being able to structure JavaScript code into modules & bundles
  • Sourcemaps generation for debugging purposes with various styles of source mapping handled by WebPack
  • ESLint find and fix problems in your JavaScript code with a linting configuration including configurations and custom rules for WordPress development.
  • Prettier for automatic JavaScript / TypeScript code formatting



  • WP-Pot scans all the files and generates .pot file automatically for i18n and l10n

BrowserSync, Watcher & WebpackBar

  • Watch Mode, watches for changes in files to recompile
  • File types: .css, .html, .php, .js
  • BrowserSync, synchronising browsers, URLs, interactions and code changes across devices and automatically refreshes all the browsers on all devices on changes
  • WebPackBar so you can get a real progress bar while development which also includes a profiler


  • All configuration files .prettierrc.js, .eslintrc.js, .stylelintrc.js, babel.config.js, postcss.config.js are organised in a single folder
  • The Webpack configuration is divided into 2 environmental config files for the development and production build/environment


File structure

You can add your own new class files by naming them correctly and putting the files in the most appropriate location, see other files for examples. Composer's Autoloader and the Bootstrap class will auto include your file and instantiate the class. The idea of this organisation is to be more conscious of structuring your code.

## First level files
├──the-plugin-name.php           # Main entry file for the plugin
├──composer.json                 # Composer dependencies & scripts
├──phpcs.xml.dist                # PHPCodeSniffer configuration
├──codeception.dist.yml          # Codeception testing configuration
├──.env.testing                  # Codeception testing environment configuration
├──.travis.yml                   # TravisCI configuration for automatic testing & continuous integration
├──package.json                  # (incl. when using webpack) Node.js dependencies & scripts (NPM functions)
├──webpack.config.js             # (incl. when using webpack) Holds all the base Webpack configurations
│ ## Folders
├──src                           # Holds all the plugin php classes
│   ├── Bootstrap.php            # Bootstraps the plugin and auto-instantiate classes
│   ├── App                      # Holds the plugin application-specific functionality
│   │   ├── Frontend             # All public-facing hooks/functionality
│   │   ├── Backend              # All admin-specific hooks/functionality
│   │   ├── General              # Hooks/functionality shared between the back-end and frontend
│   │   ├── Cli                  # Code for cli commands
│   │   ├── Cron                 # Code for cron events
│   │   ├── Rest                 # Code for rest api functionalities
│   ├── Config                   # Plugin configuration code
│   │   ├── Classes.php          # Defines the folders and order of classes to init
│   │   ├── I18n.php             # Internationalization and localization definitions
│   │   ├── Plugin.php           # Plugin data which are used through the plugin
│   │   ├── Requirements.php     # Defines the requirements that are needed to run this plugin.
│   │   ├── Setup.php            # Plugin setup hooks (activation, deactivation, uninstall)
│   ├── Common                   # Utilities & helpers shared in the whole plugin 
│   │   ├── Abstracts            # Here you can add abstract classes to extend your php classes
│   │   │   ├── Base.php         # A base class which all classes extends to load in default methods, currently the plugin data is only being injected
│   │   ├── Traits               # Here you can add handy traits to extend your php classes
│   │   │   ├── Requester.php    # The requester trait to determine what we request; used to determine which classes we instantiate in the Bootstrap class
│   │   │   ├── Singleton.php    # The singleton skeleton trait to instantiate the class only once
│   │   ├── Utils                # Here you can add helper/utiliy functions, eg: array functions
│   │   │   ├── Errors.php       # Utility class for the prettified errors and to write debug logs as string or array
│   │   ├── Functions.php        # Main function class for external/global functions, eg: "plugin_name()->your_function"
│   ├── Integrations             # Includes the integration with libraries, api's or other plugins
│   ├── Compatibility            # 3rd party compatibility code
├──tests                         # Codeception test files
├──templates                     # Folder to include all the template files
│   ├── test-template.php        # Example template file
├──languages                     # WordPress default language map in Plugins & Themes
│   ├── the-plugin-name.pot      # Boilerplate POT File that gets overwritten by WP-Pot 
├──webpack                       # (incl. when using webpack) Holds all the sub-config files for webpack
│   ├── .prettierrc.js           # Configuration for Prettier
│   ├── .eslintrc.js             # Configuration for Eslint
│   ├── .stylelintrc.js          # Configuration for Stylelint
│   ├── babel.config.js          # Configuration for BabelJS
│   ├── postcss.config.js        # Configuration for PostCSS
│   ├── config.base.js           # Base config for Webpack's development & production mode
│   ├── config.development.js    # Configuration for Webpack in development mode
│   └── config.production.js     # Configuration for Webpack in production mode
    ├── src                      # (incl. when using webpack) Holds all the source files
    │   ├── images               # Uncompressed images
    │   ├── scss/pcss            # Holds the Sass/PostCSS files
    │   │ ├─ frontend.scss/pcss  # For front-end styling
    │   │ └─ backend.scss/pcss   # For back-end / wp-admin styling
    │   └── js                   # Holds the JS files
    │     ├─ frontend.js         # For front-end scripting
    │     └─ backend.js          # For back-end / wp-admin scripting
    └── public
        ├── images               # Optimized (compressed) images
        ├── css                  # Compiled CSS files with be generated here
        └── js                   # Compiled JS files with be generated here

What to configure

  1. When using codeception; configure the environments settings in .env.testing, other configurations can be found in codeception.dist.yml
  2. When using Webpack; edit the BrowserSync settings in webpack.config.js which applies to your local/server environment
    • You can also disable BrowserSync, Eslint & Stylelint in webpack.config.js
    • You may want to configure the files in /webpack/ and webpack.config.js to better suite your needs
  3. You can activate the plugin in WordPress and work on it straight away.

Acceptance & Unit Testing

  • Testing with Codeception works out of the box
  • Create test files with composer generate:wpunit or composer generate:acceptance
  • Write your test methods and run composer run:wpunit or composer run:acceptance
  • Extensive documentation can be found here https://codeception.com/for/wordpress


Plugin requirements

  • Set your plugin requirements in src/Config/Requirements.php using a simple array
  • It can test: PHP version, PHP Extensions, WordPress version, Active plugins, Current theme, DocHooks support
  • If the plugin doesn't pass the test then it will be disabled automatically in WordPress and show a notification in the back-end
  • Documentation can be found here: https://github.com/micropackage/requirements


Frontend/Webpack tooling

When using webpack then you can use the following for the front-end build process. Read here more for more information about this workflow.

Developing Locally

To work on the project locally (with Eslint, Stylelint & Prettier active), run:

yarn dev

Or run with watcher & browserSync

yarn dev:watch

This will open a browser, watch all files (php, scss, js, etc) and reload the browser when you press save.

Building for Production

To create an optimized production build (purged with PurgeCSS & fully minified CSS & JS files), run:

yarn prod

Or run with watcher & browserSync

yarn prod:watch

More Scripts/Tasks

# To scan for text-domain functions and generate WP POT translation file
yarn translate

# To find problems in your JavaScript code
yarn eslint 

# To find fix problems in your JavaScript code
yarn eslint:fix

# To find problems in your sass/css code
yarn stylelint

# To find fix problems in your sass/css code
yarn stylelint:fix

# To make sure files in assets/src/js are formatted
yarn prettier

# To fix and format the js files in assets/src/js
yarn prettier:fix

Composer.json dependencies

Depedency Description Version
Plugin Requirements
micropackage/requirements Allows you to test environment requirements to run your plugin. 1.0
dealerdirect/phpcodesniffer-composer-installer Allows for easy installation of PHP_CodeSniffer coding standards (rulesets) 0.7.1
wp-coding-standards/wpcs Collection of PHP_CodeSniffer rules (sniffs) to validate code developed for WordPress *
automattic/phpcs-neutron-ruleset Set of modern (PHP >7) linting guidelines for WordPress development 3.3
phpcompatibility/phpcompatibility-wp Analyse the codebase of a WordPress-based project for PHP cross-version compatibility 2.1
lucatume/function-mocker A Patchwork powered function mocker to mock function for testing 1.0
lucatume/wp-browser Provides easy acceptance, functional, integration and unit testing for WordPress plugins, themes and whole sites using Codeception 3.0
Codeception/lib-innerbrowser Parent library for all Codeception framework modules and PhpBrowser. 1.0
codeception/module-asserts A Codeception module containing various assertions 1.0
codeception/module-phpbrowser Use to perform web acceptance tests with non-javascript browser 1.0
codeception/module-webdriver Run tests in real browsers using the W3C WebDriver protocol. 1.0
codeception/module-db A database module for Codeception. 1.0
codeception/module-filesystem A Codeception module for testing local filesystem. 1.0
codeception/module-cli A Codeception module for testing basic shell commands and shell output. 1.0
codeception/module-rest A REST module for Codeception 1.2
codeception/util-universalframework Mock framework module used in internal Codeception tests 1.0
codeception/codeception-progress-reporter Reporter for codeception with a progress bar 4.0.2

Package.json dependencies


Boilerplate's Changelog

Documenting this project's progress...

January 15, 2021

  • refactor: (webpack/frontend) Migrated from NPM to Yarn for speed, install went from 183.281s to 65.76s-90.02s.

January 14, 2021

  • feat: Added POT File with all the translation strings
  • refactor: Moved classes array to own config file
  • feat: Added npx CLI build script + docs

January 9, 2021

  • refactor: Rename plugin (meta) data to replace-able names

January 8, 2021

  • feat: Added PHP_CodeSniffer with WordPress-Coding-Standards including configuration file
  • feat(.travis.yml): added TravisCI configuration file
  • feat: Added bootstrap classes debugger method
  • feat: README.md file