wp-oop/transient-cache

A PSR-16 wrapper for WP transients.

v0.1.0-alpha4 2020-10-14 08:01 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2020-11-22 12:41:46 UTC


README

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A fully compliant PSR-16 wrapper for WP transients.

Details

A common means of caching values in WordPress is by using transients. However, this approach suffers from several problems:

  1. Coupling to WordPress. You can't just suddenly substitute the caching mechanism you are using for another mechanism, and everything still works.
  2. No namespacing. All transients live in the same namespace, and independent consumers cannot reliably use arbitrary keys without the risk of possible conflict.
  3. No true modularity. Due to the above, if your application is modular, it cannot decide which caching mechanisms to use for what, because that would have already been decided by your modules.
  4. Missing features. For example, it is not possible to clear all values related to a particular thing in one go. Exceptions are missing too, and you have to rely on ambiguous return values.

This standards-compliant wrapper addresses all of the above. It is a true PSR-16 cache, which uses WordPress transients as storage. Exceptions are raised, interfaces implemented, and true false-negative detection is in place. Each instance of the cache pool is logically independent from other instances, provided that it is given a unique name. The application is once again in control, and modules that use cache can become platform agnostic.

Compatibility

  • CachePool and CachePoolFactory offer best-practices error handling, throwing meaningful exceptions when something goes wrong. This violates PSR-16, but allows you to know what is failing.
  • SilentPool and SilentPoolFactory offer PSR-16 compatibility at the cost of error handling, hiding exceptions, and returning standards-compatible values. This complies with PSR-16, but at the cost of clarity and verbosity.

Usage

/*
 * Set up the factory - usually in a service definition
 */
use wpdb;
use Psr\SimpleCache\CacheInterface;
use WpOop\TransientCache\CachePoolFactory;
use WpOop\TransientCache\SilentPoolFactory;

/* @var $wpdb wpdb */
$factory = new CachePoolFactory($wpdb);
// Optionally hide exceptions for PSR-16 compatibility
$factory = new SilentPoolFactory($factory); // Optional, and not recommended for testing environments!

/*
 * Create cache pools - usually somewhere else
 */
// Same wpdb instance used, default value generated automatically
$pool1 = $factory->createCachePool('client-access-tokens');
$pool2 = $factory->createCachePool('remote-api-responses');
$pool3 = $factory->createCachePool('other-stuff');

/*
 * Use cache pools - usually injected into a client class
 */

// No collision of key between different pools
$pool1->set('123', $someToken);
$pool2->set('123', $someResponseBody);
$pool3->set('123', false);

// Depend on an interop standard
(function (CacheInterface $cache) {
    // False negative detection: correctly determines that the value is actually `false`
    $cache->has('123'); // true
    $cache->get('123', uniqid('default')) === false; // true
})($pool3);

// Clear all values within a pool
$pool2->clear();
$pool2->has('123'); // false
$pool1->has('123'); // true

Limitations

Key Length

Due to the way the underlying backend (the WordPress transients via options) works, the combined length of the pool name and cache key MUST NOT exceed a 171 char limit. This is because (at least in WP 5.0+) the length of the option_name field of the options table is 191 chars, and transients require the longest prefix of _transient_timeout_ to the option name, which together with the 1-char separator is 20 chars. Using anything greater than this length will result in potentially devastating behaviour described in Trac #15058.

In any case, the general recommendation is that consumers SHOULD NOT use cache keys longer than 64 chars, as this is the minimal length required for support by the PSR-16 spec. Using anything longer than that will cause consumers to become dependent on implementation detail, which breaks interoperability. Given that, the cache pool name SHOULD NOT exceed 107 chars.

Value Length

The storage backend (WP options) declares the corresponding field to be of type LONGTEXT, which allows up to 4 GB (232) of data. This is therefore the limit on cache values.