tflori/breyta

Library for database migrations

v1.0.4 2021-06-15 13:46 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2022-01-15 15:01:34 UTC


README

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Breyta is a library for database migrations. There are a lot of applications for database migrations but no actual library (without any user interface).

Trivia

I created this library after trying ruckusing-migrations. It's the only one that does not require any additional library to provide a user interface and is mentioned in awesome-php. Unfortunately it seems to be not actively developed and maintained. Also I'm missing some functionality and it is very old, not using PSR-2/4 and namespaces.

The name for this library comes again from the Icelandic language and means "to change".

Concept

  • A migration is a set of database statements
  • A migration has to run in a transaction
  • Logging is important and goes to the migration table
  • No code generating from this library (pure SQL)
  • No user interface (API only)
  • Generate fancy output and support progress bars

Installation

We only support and suggest using composer - everything else on your own risk.

$ composer require tflori/breyta

Usage

This might change in the next days till version 1.

Migration Script:

<?php

namespace Breyta\Migrations;

use Breyta\AbstractMigration;

class CreateAnimalsTable extends AbstractMigration
{
    public function up(): void
    {
        $this->exec('DROP TABLE IF EXISTS animals');
        $this->exec('CREATE TABLE animals (
             id MEDIUMINT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
             name CHAR(30) NOT NULL,
             PRIMARY KEY (id)
        )');
    }

    public function down(): void
    {
        $this->exec('DROP TABLE IF EXISTS animals');
    }
}

Control structure:

<?php

namespace App\Cli\Commands;

class MigrateCommand extends AbstractCommand // implements \Breyta\ProgressInterface
{
    /**
     * Your database connection
     * @var PDO
     */
    protected $db;

    public function handle()
    {
        $breyta = new \Breyta\Migrations($this->db, '/path/to/migrations', function($class, ...$args) {
            // return app()->make($class, $args);
            // the closure is optional. default:
            if ($class === \Breyta\AdapterInterface::class) {
                return new \Breyta\BasicAdapter(...$args); // first arg = closure $executor
            }
            return new $class(...$args); // first arg = AdapterInterface $adapter
        });
        
        // register handler (optional)
        /** @var \Breyta\CallbackProgress $callbackProgress */
        $callbackProgress = $breyta->getProgress();
        $callbackProgress->onStart([$this, 'start'])
            ->onBeforeMigration([$this, 'beginMigration'])
            ->onBeforeExecution([$this, 'beforeExecution'])
            ->onAfterExecution([$this, 'afterExecution'])
            ->onAfterMigration([$this, 'finishMigration'])
            ->onFinish([$this, 'finish']);
        
        // alternative: implement \Breyta\ProgressInterface and register
        // $breyta->setProgress($this);
        
        $breyta->migrate();
    }
}

Please also have a look at the reference for a better overview of the api.