rinvex/laravel-tenants

Rinvex Tenants is a contextually intelligent polymorphic Laravel package, for single db multi-tenancy. You can completely isolate tenants data with ease using the same database, with full power and control over what data to be centrally shared, and what to be tenant related and therefore isolated fr

v7.1.0 2021-08-22 00:56 UTC

README

Rinvex Tenants is a contextually intelligent polymorphic Laravel package, for single db multi-tenancy. You can completely isolate tenants data with ease using the same database, with full power and control over what data to be centrally shared, and what to be tenant related and therefore isolated from others.

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Installation

  1. Install the package via composer:

    composer require rinvex/laravel-tenants
  2. Publish resources (migrations and config files):

    php artisan rinvex:publish:tenants
  3. Execute migrations via the following command:

    php artisan rinvex:migrate:tenants
  4. Done!

Usage

Rinvex Tenants is developed with the concept that every tenantable model can be attached to multiple tenants at the same time, so you don't need special column in your model database table to specify the tenant it belongs to, tenant relationships simply stored in a separate central table.

Scope Queries

To scope your queries correctly, apply the \Rinvex\Tenants\Traits\Tenantable trait on primary models. This will ensure that all calls to your parent models are scoped to the current tenant, and that calls to their child relations are scoped through the parent relationships.

namespace App\Models;

use App\Models\Feature;
use Rinvex\Tenants\Traits\Tenantable;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;

class Product extends Model
{
    use Tenantable;

    public function features()
    {
        return $this->hasMany(Feature::class);
    }
}

Scope Child Model Queries

If you have child models, like product features, and these features belongs to tenantable products via a relationship, you may need to scope these feature model queries as well. For that, you need to apply the \Rinvex\Tenants\Traits\TenantableChild trait on your child models, and define a new method getRelationshipToTenantable that returns a string of the parent relationship. Check the following example.

namespace App\Models;

use App\Models\Product;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
use Rinvex\Tenants\Traits\TenantableChild;

class Feature extends Model
{
    use TenantableChild;

    public function getRelationshipToTenantable(): string
    {
        return 'product';
    }

    public function product()
    {
        return $this->belongsTo(Product::class);
    }
}

And this will automatically scope the all App\Models\Feature::class queries to the current tenant. Note that the limitation of this is that you need to be able to define a relationship to a primary model, so if you need to do this on deeper level of children hierarchy, like a App\Models\Discount::class model that belongs to App\Models\Feature::class which belongs to App\Models\Product::class which belongs to a Tenant Rinvex\Tenants\Models\Tenant::class, you need to define some strange relationship. Laravel supports HasOneThrough, but not BelongsToThrough, so you'd need to do some hacks around that.

Manage your tenants

Nothing special here, just normal Eloquent model stuff:

// Create a new tenant
app('rinvex.tenants.tenant')->create([
    'name' => 'ACME Inc.',
    'slug' => 'acme',
    'domain' => 'acme.test',
    'email' => 'info@acme.test',
    'language_code' => 'en',
    'country_code' => 'us',
]);

// Get existing tenant by id
$tenant = app('rinvex.tenants.tenant')->find(1);

Notes: since Rinvex Tenants extends and utilizes other awesome packages, checkout the following documentations for further details:

Automatic Tenants Registration

Tenants are automatically registered into Service Container very early in the request, through service provider boot method.

That way you'll have access to the current active tenant before models are loaded, scopes are needed, or traits are booted. That's also earlier than routes registration, and middleware pipeline, so you can assure any resources that needs to be scoped, are correctly scoped.

Changing Active Tenant

You can easily change current active tenant at any point of the request as follows:

    $tenant = app('rinvex.tenants.tenant')->find(123);
    app()->bind('request.tenant', fn() => $tenant);

And to deactivate your tenant and stop scoping by it, simply set the same container service binding to null as follows:

    app()->bind('request.tenant', null);

Notes:

  • Only one tenant could be active at a time, even if your resources belongs to multiple tenants.
  • You can change the active tenant at any point of the request, but that newly activated tenant will only scope models retrieved after that change, while any other models retrieved at an earlier stage of the request will be scoped with the previous tenant, or not scoped at all (according to your logic).
  • If a resource belongs to multiple tenants, you can switch between tenants by to a different tenant by reinitializing the request. Example: since tenants are currently resolved by domains or subdomains, to switch tenants you'll need to redirect the user the new tenant domain/subdomain, and the currently active tenant will be switched as well as the request will be automatically scoped by the new tenant.

Default Tenant Resolvers

Rinvex Tenants resolve currently active tenant using Resolver Classes. It comes with few default resolvers that you can use, or you can build your own custom resolver to support additional functionality.

Default tenant resolver classes in config options:

    // Tenant Resolver Class:
    // - \Rinvex\Tenants\Http\Resolvers\DomainTenantResolver::class
    // - \Rinvex\Tenants\Http\Resolvers\SubdomainTenantResolver::class
    // - \Rinvex\Tenants\Http\Resolvers\SubdomainOrDomainTenantResolver::class
    'resolver' => \Rinvex\Tenants\Resolvers\SubdomainOrDomainTenantResolver::class,

The default tenant resolver used is SubdomainOrDomainTenantResolver::class, so this package automatically resolve currently active tenant using both domains and subdomains. You can change that via config options.

Central Domains

Some applications may run on multiple alias domains, and Rinvex Tenants supports that. You can add as many alias domains as you want. Check the config option rinvex.tenants.alias_domains.

Internally, we merge alias domains with the application default domain (which is parsed from default Laravel config option app.url) into one array, and we call it collectively central domains.

No need to add the default domain to alias domains, it is automatically appended to the compiled list from app.url config. You can get them easily by calling a simple function, check the Global Helpers for more details.

Tenant Domains

Tenants could be accessed via central subdomains (obviously subdomains on central domains), or via their own dedicated domains.

For example if the default domain is rinvex.com, and tenant slug is cortex then central subdomain will be cortex.rinvex.com.

Note that since this package supports multiple central domains, tenants will be accessible via all central subdomains, so if we have another alias central domain rinvex.net, you can expect cortex to be available on cortex.rinvex.net as well.

Tenants can optionally have top level domains as well, something like cortex-example.com, which means it's now accessible through three different domains:

  • cortex.rinvex.com
  • cortex.rinvex.net
  • cortex-example.com

Session Domain

Since Rinvex Tenants supports multiple central and tenant domains, it needs to change the default laravel session configuration on the fly, and that's actually what it does. It will dynamically change session.domain config option based on the current request host.

Global Helpers

Rinvex Tenants comes with the following global helpers:

  • central_domains(): Returns an array of all central domains, which is basically the default app domain retrieved from app.url, appended to any extra alias domains retrieved from rinvex.tenants.alias_domains
  • tenant_domains(): Returns an array of all tenant domains, which is basically array of two items, tenant subdomain and domain. The subdomain is a concatenation of tenant slug with default app domain.
  • central_subdomains(): Returns an array of all central subdomains of currently active tenant, which is basically tenant's slug appended to every central domain.
  • central_domain(): Returns the default application domain, parsed from the default Laravel config option app.url.

Querying Tenant Scoped Models

After you've added tenants, all queries against a tenantable Model will be scoped automatically:

// This will only include Models belonging to the currently active tenant
$tenantProducts = \App\Models\Product::all();

// This will fail with a `ModelNotFoundForTenantException` if it belongs to the wrong tenant
$product = \App\Models\Product::find(2);

If you need to query across all tenants, you can use forAllTenants() method:

// Will include results from ALL tenants, just for this query
$allTenantProducts = \App\Models\Product::forAllTenants()->get();

Under the hood, Rinvex Tenants uses Laravel's Global Scopes, which means if you are scoping by active tenant, and you want to exclude one single query, you can do so:

// Will NOT be scoped, and will return results from ALL tenants, just for this query
$allTenantProducts = \App\Models\Product::withoutTenants()->get();

Notes:

  • When you are developing multi-tenancy applications, it can be confusing sometimes why you keep getting ModelNotFound exceptions for rows that DO exist, because they belong to the wrong tenant.
  • Rinvex Tenants will catch those exceptions, and re-throw them as ModelNotFoundForTenantException, to help you out 🙂

Manage your tenantable model

The API is intutive and very straightforward, so let's give it a quick look:

// Get instance of your model
$product = new \App\Models\Product::find(1);

// Get attached tenants collection
$product->tenants;

// Get attached tenants query builder
$product->tenants();

You can attach tenants in various ways:

// Single tenant id
$product->attachTenants(1);

// Multiple tenant IDs array
$product->attachTenants([1, 2, 5]);

// Multiple tenant IDs collection
$product->attachTenants(collect([1, 2, 5]));

// Single tenant model instance
$tenantInstance = app('rinvex.tenants.tenant')->first();
$product->attachTenants($tenantInstance);

// Single tenant slug
$product->attachTenants('test-tenant');

// Multiple tenant slugs array
$product->attachTenants(['first-tenant', 'second-tenant']);

// Multiple tenant slugs collection
$product->attachTenants(collect(['first-tenant', 'second-tenant']));

// Multiple tenant model instances
$tenantInstances = app('rinvex.tenants.tenant')->whereIn('id', [1, 2, 5])->get();
$product->attachTenants($tenantInstances);

Notes:

  • The attachTenants() method attach the given tenants to the model without touching the currently attached tenants, while there's the syncTenants() method that can detach any records that's not in the given items, this method takes a second optional boolean parameter that's set detaching flag to true or false.
  • To detach model tenants you can use the detachTenants() method, which uses exactly the same signature as the attachTenants() method, with additional feature of detaching all currently attached tenants by passing null or nothing to that method as follows: $product->detachTenants();.

And as you may have expected, you can check if tenants attached:

// Single tenant id
$product->hasAnyTenants(1);

// Multiple tenant IDs array
$product->hasAnyTenants([1, 2, 5]);

// Multiple tenant IDs collection
$product->hasAnyTenants(collect([1, 2, 5]));

// Single tenant model instance
$tenantInstance = app('rinvex.tenants.tenant')->first();
$product->hasAnyTenants($tenantInstance);

// Single tenant slug
$product->hasAnyTenants('test-tenant');

// Multiple tenant slugs array
$product->hasAnyTenants(['first-tenant', 'second-tenant']);

// Multiple tenant slugs collection
$product->hasAnyTenants(collect(['first-tenant', 'second-tenant']));

// Multiple tenant model instances
$tenantInstances = app('rinvex.tenants.tenant')->whereIn('id', [1, 2, 5])->get();
$product->hasAnyTenants($tenantInstances);

Notes:

  • The hasAnyTenants() method check if ANY of the given tenants are attached to the model. It returns boolean true or false as a result.
  • Similarly the hasAllTenants() method uses exactly the same signature as the hasAnyTenants() method, but it behaves differently and performs a strict comparison to check if ALL of the given tenants are attached.

Advanced Usage

Generate Tenant Slugs

Rinvex Tenants auto generates slugs and auto detect and insert default translation for you if not provided, but you still can pass it explicitly through normal eloquent create method, as follows:

app('rinvex.tenants.tenant')->create(['name' => ['en' => 'My New Tenant'], 'slug' => 'custom-tenant-slug']);

Note: Check Sluggable package for further details.

Smart Parameter Detection

Rinvex Tenants methods that accept list of tenants are smart enough to handle almost all kinds of inputs as you've seen in the above examples. It will check input type and behave accordingly.

Retrieve All Models Attached To The Tenant

You may encounter a situation where you need to get all models attached to certain tenant, you do so with ease as follows:

$tenant = app('rinvex.tenants.tenant')->find(1);
$tenant->entries(\App\Models\Product::class);

Query Scopes

Yes, Rinvex Tenants shipped with few awesome query scopes for your convenience, usage example:

// Single tenant id
$product->withAnyTenants(1)->get();

// Multiple tenant IDs array
$product->withAnyTenants([1, 2, 5])->get();

// Multiple tenant IDs collection
$product->withAnyTenants(collect([1, 2, 5]))->get();

// Single tenant model instance
$tenantInstance = app('rinvex.tenants.tenant')->first();
$product->withAnyTenants($tenantInstance)->get();

// Single tenant slug
$product->withAnyTenants('test-tenant')->get();

// Multiple tenant slugs array
$product->withAnyTenants(['first-tenant', 'second-tenant'])->get();

// Multiple tenant slugs collection
$product->withAnyTenants(collect(['first-tenant', 'second-tenant']))->get();

// Multiple tenant model instances
$tenantInstances = app('rinvex.tenants.tenant')->whereIn('id', [1, 2, 5])->get();
$product->withAnyTenants($tenantInstances)->get();

Notes:

  • The withAnyTenants() scope finds products with ANY attached tenants of the given. It returns normally a query builder, so you can chain it or call get() method for example to execute and get results.
  • Similarly there's few other scopes like withAllTenants() that finds products with ALL attached tenants of the given, withoutTenants() which finds products without ANY attached tenants of the given, and lastly withoutAnyTenants() which find products without ANY attached tenants at all. All scopes are created equal, with same signature, and returns query builder.

Tenant Translations

Manage tenant translations with ease as follows:

$tenant = app('rinvex.tenants.tenant')->find(1);

// Update title translations
$tenant->setTranslation('name', 'en', 'New English Tenant Title')->save();

// Alternatively you can use default eloquent update
$tenant->update([
    'name' => [
        'en' => 'New Tenant',
        'ar' => 'مستأجر جديد',
    ],
]);

// Get single tenant translation
$tenant->getTranslation('name', 'en');

// Get all tenant translations
$tenant->getTranslations('name');

// Get tenant title in default locale
$tenant->name;

Note: Check Translatable package for further details.

Changelog

Refer to the Changelog for a full history of the project.

Support

The following support channels are available at your fingertips:

Contributing & Protocols

Thank you for considering contributing to this project! The contribution guide can be found in CONTRIBUTING.md.

Bug reports, feature requests, and pull requests are very welcome.

Security Vulnerabilities

If you discover a security vulnerability within this project, please send an e-mail to help@rinvex.com. All security vulnerabilities will be promptly addressed.

About Rinvex

Rinvex is a software solutions startup, specialized in integrated enterprise solutions for SMEs established in Alexandria, Egypt since June 2016. We believe that our drive The Value, The Reach, and The Impact is what differentiates us and unleash the endless possibilities of our philosophy through the power of software. We like to call it Innovation At The Speed Of Life. That’s how we do our share of advancing humanity.

License

This software is released under The MIT License (MIT).

(c) 2016-2021 Rinvex LLC, Some rights reserved.