meyfa/php-svg

Read, edit, write, and render SVG files with PHP

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v0.11.3 2022-02-18 11:53 UTC

README

The zero-dependency vector graphics library for PHP applications

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Features

PHP-SVG can help with the following set of tasks:

  • Generating vector graphics programmatically with PHP code. The resulting SVG string can be written to a file or sent as part of the HTTP response.
  • Loading and parsing SVG images into document trees that are easy to modify and append.
  • Converting vector graphics into raster image formats, such as PNG or JPEG (rasterization).

Please note that PHP-SVG is still in its alpha stage and may not be suitable for complex applications, yet. Contributions are very welcome. Find out how to contribute.

Installation

Requirements

PHP-SVG is free of dependencies. All it needs is a PHP installation satisfying the following requirements:

  • PHP version 5.3.3 or newer. This library is tested against all versions up to PHP 8.
  • If you wish to load SVG files, or strings containing SVG code, you need to have the 'simplexml' PHP extension.
  • If you wish to use the rasterization feature for converting SVGs to raster images (PNGs, JPEGs, ...), you need to have the 'gd' PHP extension.

These extensions are almost always available on typical PHP installations. Still, you might want to make sure that your hosting provider actually has them. If SimpleXML or GD are missing, PHP-SVG can still perform all tasks except those that require the missing extension. For example, programmatically generating SVG images and outputting them as XML will always work, even without any extension.

Composer (recommended)

This package is available on Packagist and can be installed with Composer:

$ composer require meyfa/php-svg

This adds a dependency to your composer.json file. If you haven't already, setup autoloading for Composer dependencies by adding the following require statement at the top of your PHP scripts:

<?php
require_once __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php';

You may need to adjust the path if your script is located in another folder.

Manual installation

Download the latest release or the current development version of this repository, and extract the source code somewhere in your project. Then you can use our own autoloader to make available the SVG namespace:

<?php
require_once __DIR__ . '/<path_to_php_svg>/autoloader.php';

The rest works exactly the same as with Composer, just without the benefits of a package manager.

Getting started

This section contains a few simple examples to get you started with PHP-SVG.

Creating SVGs programmatically

The following code generates an SVG containing a blue square. It then sets the Content-Type header and sends the SVG as text to the client:

<?php
require __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php';

use SVG\SVG;
use SVG\Nodes\Shapes\SVGRect;

// image with dimensions 100x100
$image = new SVG(100, 100);
$doc = $image->getDocument();

// blue 40x40 square at the origin
$square = new SVGRect(0, 0, 40, 40);
$square->setStyle('fill', '#0000FF');
$doc->addChild($square);

header('Content-Type: image/svg+xml');
echo $image;

Converting SVGs to strings

The above example uses echo, which implicitly converts the SVG to a string containing its XML representation. This conversion can also be made explicitly:

// This will include the leading <?xml ... ?> tag needed for standalone SVG files:
$xmlString = $image->toXMLString();
file_put_contents('my-image.svg', $xmlString);

// This will omit the <?xml ... ?> tag for outputting directly into HTML:
$xmlString = $image->toXMLString(false);
echo '<div class="svg-container">' . $xmlString . '</div>';

Loading SVGs from strings

In addition to generating images programmatically from scratch, they can be parsed from strings or loaded from files. The following code parses an SVG string, mutates part of the image, and echoes the result to the client:

<?php
require __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php';

use SVG\SVG;

$svg  = '<svg width="100" height="100">';
$svg .= '<rect width="40" height="40" fill="#00F" id="my-rect" />';
$svg .= '</svg>';

$image = SVG::fromString($svg);
$rect = $image->getDocument()->getElementById('my-rect');
$rect->setX(25)->setY(25);

header('Content-Type: image/svg+xml');
echo $image;

Loading SVGs from files

For loading from a file instead of a string, call SVG::fromFile($file). That function supports paths on the local file system, as well as remote URLs. For example:

// load from the local file system:
$image = SVG::fromFile('path/to/file.svg');

// or from the web (worse performance due to HTTP request):
$image = SVG::fromFile('https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8c/Even-odd_and_non-zero_winding_fill_rules.svg');

Rasterizing

⚠️ This feature in particular is very much work-in-progress. Many things will look wrong and rendering large images may be very slow.

The toRasterImage($width, $height [, $background]) method is used to render an SVG to a raster image. The result is a GD image resource. GD then provides methods for encoding this resource to a number of formats:

<?php
require __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php';

use SVG\SVG;
use SVG\Nodes\Shapes\SVGCircle;

$image = new SVG(100, 100);
$doc = $image->getDocument();

// circle with radius 20 and green border, center at (50, 50)
$doc->addChild(
    (new SVGCircle(50, 50, 20))
        ->setStyle('fill', 'none')
        ->setStyle('stroke', '#0F0')
        ->setStyle('stroke-width', '2px')
);

// rasterize to a 200x200 image, i.e. the original SVG size scaled by 2.
// the background will be transparent by default.
$rasterImage = $image->toRasterImage(200, 200);

header('Content-Type: image/png');
imagepng($rasterImage);

The raster image will default to preserving any transparency present in the SVG. For cases where an opaque image is desired instead, it is possible to specify a background color. This may be mandatory when outputting to some formats, such as JPEG, that cannot encode alpha channel information. For example:

// white background
$rasterImage = $image->toRasterImage(200, 200, '#FFFFFF');
imagejpeg($rasterImage, 'path/to/output.jpg');

Document model

This section explains a bit more about the object structure and how to query or mutate parts of documents.

SVG root node

An instance of the SVG class represents the image abstractly. It does not store DOM information itself. That is the responsibility of the document root node, which is the object corresponding to the <svg> XML tag. For example:

<?php
require __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php';

use SVG\SVG;

$svg  = '<svg width="100" height="100">';
$svg .= '<rect width="40" height="40" fill="#00F" id="my-rect" />';
$svg .= '</svg>';

$image = SVG::fromString($svg);

// obtain the <svg> node (an instance of \SVG\SVGDocumentFragment):
$doc = $image->getDocument();

Child nodes

Child nodes of any element can be obtained as follows:

// Returns the number of children.
$numberOfChildren = $element->countChildren();

// Returns a child element by its index.
$firstChild = $element->getChild(0);

// Returns an array of matching child elements.
$childrenThatAreRects = $element->getElementsByTagName('rect');

// Returns an array of matching child elements.
$childrenWithClass = $element->getElementsByClassName('my-class-name');

The root node has an additional function for obtaining a unique element by its id attribute:

// Returns an element or null.
$element = $doc->getElementById('my-rect');

Child nodes can be added, removed and replaced:

// Append a child at the end.
$doc->addChild(new \SVG\Nodes\Shapes\SVGLine(0, 0, 10, 10));

// Insert a new child between the children at positions 0 and 1.
$g = new \SVG\Nodes\Structures\SVGGroup();
$doc->addChild($g, 1);

// Remove the second child. (equivalent to $doc->removeChild($g);)
$doc->removeChild(1);

// replace the first child with $g
$doc->setChild(0, $g);

Attributes

Every attribute is accessible via $element->getAttribute($name). Some often-used attributes have additional shortcut methods, but they are only available on the classes for which they are valid, so make sure the node you are accessing is of the correct type to prevent runtime errors. Some examples:

$doc->getWidth();
// equivalent to: $doc->getAttribute('width')

$doc->setWidth('200px');
// equivalent to: $doc->setAttribute('width', '200px');

$rect->setRX('10%');
// equivalent to: $rect->setAttribute('rx', '10%');

Styles

Some presentation attributes are considered style properties by the SVG spec. These will be treated specially by PHP-SVG and made available via getStyle and setStyle instead of getAttribute and setAttribute. Consider the following node:

<circle x="10" y="10" r="5" style="fill: #red" stroke="blue" stroke-width="4" />
  • x, y and r are attributes.
  • fill, stroke and stroke-width are styles.

Contributing

This project is available to the community for free, and there is still a lot of work to do. Every bit of help is welcome! You can contribute in the following ways:

  • By giving PHP-SVG a star on GitHub to spread the word. The more it's used, the better it will become!
  • By reporting any bugs or missing features you encounter. Please quickly search through the issues tab to see whether someone has already reported the same problem. Maybe you can add something to the discussion?
  • By contributing code. You can take a look at the currently open issues to see what needs to be worked on. If you encounter a bug that you know how to resolve, it should be pretty safe to submit the fix as a pull request directly. For new features, it is recommended to first create an issue for your proposal, to gather feedback and discuss implementation strategies.

Please read:

By contributing material or code to PHP-SVG via a pull request or commit, you confirm that you own the necessary rights to that material or code, and agree to make available that material or code under the terms of the MIT license.