Laminas MVC Skeleton Application

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1.3.0 2021-12-15 10:19 UTC

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Last update: 2022-01-15 10:30:46 UTC



This is a skeleton application using the Laminas MVC layer and module systems. This application is meant to be used as a starting place for those looking to get their feet wet with Laminas MVC.

Installation using Composer

The easiest way to create a new Laminas MVC project is to use Composer. If you don't have it already installed, then please install as per the documentation.

To create your new Laminas MVC project:

$ composer create-project -sdev laminas/laminas-mvc-skeleton path/to/install

Once installed, you can test it out immediately using PHP's built-in web server:

$ cd path/to/install
$ php -S -t public
# OR use the composer alias:
$ composer run --timeout 0 serve

This will start the cli-server on port 8080, and bind it to all network interfaces. You can then visit the site at http://localhost:8080/

  • which will bring up Laminas MVC Skeleton welcome page.

Note: The built-in CLI server is for development only.

Development mode

The skeleton ships with laminas-development-mode by default, and provides three aliases for consuming the script it ships with:

$ composer development-enable  # enable development mode
$ composer development-disable # disable development mode
$ composer development-status  # whether or not development mode is enabled

You may provide development-only modules and bootstrap-level configuration in config/development.config.php.dist, and development-only application configuration in config/autoload/development.local.php.dist. Enabling development mode will copy these files to versions removing the .dist suffix, while disabling development mode will remove those copies.

Development mode is automatically enabled as part of the skeleton installation process. After making changes to one of the above-mentioned .dist configuration files you will either need to disable then enable development mode for the changes to take effect, or manually make matching updates to the .dist-less copies of those files.

Running Unit Tests

To run the supplied skeleton unit tests, you need to do one of the following:

  • During initial project creation, select to install the MVC testing support.

  • After initial project creation, install laminas-test:

    $ composer require --dev laminas/laminas-test

Once testing support is present, you can run the tests using:

$ ./vendor/bin/phpunit

If you need to make local modifications for the PHPUnit test setup, copy phpunit.xml.dist to phpunit.xml and edit the new file; the latter has precedence over the former when running tests, and is ignored by version control. (If you want to make the modifications permanent, edit the phpunit.xml.dist file.)

Running Psalm Static Analysis

To run the supplied skeleton static analysis, you need to do one of the following: It is recommended to install the test components from laminas (laminas/laminas-test), as this is used in the tests supplied.

$ composer require --dev vimeo/psalm psalm/plugin-phpunit laminas/laminas-test

Once psalm support is present, you can run the static analysis using:

$ composer static-analysis

Using Vagrant

This skeleton includes a Vagrantfile based on ubuntu 18.04 (bento box) with configured Apache2 and PHP 7.3. Start it up using:

$ vagrant up

Once built, you can also run composer within the box. For example, the following will install dependencies:

$ vagrant ssh -c 'composer install'

While this will update them:

$ vagrant ssh -c 'composer update'

While running, Vagrant maps your host port 8080 to port 80 on the virtual machine; you can visit the site at http://localhost:8080/

Vagrant and VirtualBox

The vagrant image is based on bento/ubuntu-18.04. If you are using VirtualBox as a provider, you will need:

  • Vagrant 2.2.6 or later
  • VirtualBox 6.0.14 or later

For vagrant documentation, please refer to

Using docker-compose

This skeleton provides a docker-compose.yml for use with docker-compose; it uses the provided Dockerfile to build a docker image for the laminas container created with docker-compose.

Build and start the image and container using:

$ docker-compose up -d --build

At this point, you can visit http://localhost:8080 to see the site running.

You can also run commands such as composer in the container. The container environment is named "laminas" so you will pass that value to docker-compose run:

$ docker-compose run laminas composer install

Some composer packages optionally use additional PHP extensions.
The Dockerfile contains several commented-out commands which enable some of the more popular php extensions. For example, to install pdo-pgsql support for laminas/laminas-db uncomment the lines:

# RUN apt-get install --yes libpq-dev \
#     && docker-php-ext-install pdo_pgsql

then re-run the docker-compose up -d --build line as above.

You may also want to combine the various apt-get and docker-php-ext-* statements later to reduce the number of layers created by your image.

Web server setup

Apache setup

To setup apache, setup a virtual host to point to the public/ directory of the project and you should be ready to go! It should look something like below:

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName laminasapp.localhost
    DocumentRoot /path/to/laminasapp/public
    <Directory /path/to/laminasapp/public>
        DirectoryIndex index.php
        AllowOverride All
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
        <IfModule mod_authz_core.c>
        Require all granted

Nginx setup

To setup nginx, open your /path/to/nginx/nginx.conf and add an include directive below into http block if it does not already exist:

http {
    # ...
    include sites-enabled/*.conf;

Create a virtual host configuration file for your project under /path/to/nginx/sites-enabled/laminasapp.localhost.conf it should look something like below:

server {
    listen       80;
    server_name  laminasapp.localhost;
    root         /path/to/laminasapp/public;

    location / {
        index index.php;
        try_files $uri $uri/ @php;

    location @php {
        # Pass the PHP requests to FastCGI server (php-fpm) on
        fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME /path/to/laminasapp/public/index.php;
        include fastcgi_params;

Restart the nginx, now you should be ready to go!

QA Tools

The skeleton does not come with any QA tooling by default, but does ship with configuration for each of:

Additionally, it comes with some basic tests for the shipped Application\Controller\IndexController.

If you want to add these QA tools, execute the following:

$ composer require --dev squizlabs/php_codesniffer laminas/laminas-test

We provide aliases for each of these tools in the Composer configuration:

# Run CS checks:
$ composer cs-check
# Fix CS errors:
$ composer cs-fix
# Run PHPUnit tests:
$ composer test