GeoJSON implementation for PHP

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Language: PHP

1.0.1 2014-09-03 15:22 UTC


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This library implements the GeoJSON format specification.

The GeoJson namespace includes classes for each data structure defined in the GeoJSON specification. Core GeoJSON objects include geometries, features, and collections. Geometries range from primitive points to more complex polygons. Classes also exist for bounding boxes and coordinate reference systems.


The library is published as a package and is installable via Composer:

$ composer require "jmikola/geojson=~1.0"


Classes in this library are immutable.

GeoJson Constructors

Geometry objects are constructed using a single coordinates array. This may be a tuple in the case of a Point, an array of tuples for a LineString, etc. Constructors for each class will validate the coordinates array and throw an InvalidArgumentException on error.

More primitive geometry objects may also be used for constructing complex objects. For instance, a LineString may be constructed from an array of Point objects.

Feature objects are constructed from a geometry object, associative properties array, and an identifier, all of which are optional.

Feature and geometry collection objects are constructed from an array of their respective types.

Specifying a Bounding Box or CRS

All GeoJson constructors support BoundingBox and CoordinateReferenceSystem objects as optional arguments beyond those explicitly listed in their prototype. These objects may appear in any order after the explicit arguments.

$crs = new \GeoJson\CoordinateReferenceSystem\Named('urn:ogc:def:crs:OGC:1.3:CRS84');
$box = new \GeoJson\BoundingBox([-180, -90, 180, 90]);
$point = new \GeoJson\Geometry\Point([0, 0], $crs, $box);

Note that the Feature class is unique in that it has three arguments, all with default values. In order to construct a Feature with a bounding box or CRS, all three arguments must be explicitly listed (e.g. with null placeholders).

$box = new \GeoJson\BoundingBox([-180, -90, 180, 90]);
$feature = new \GeoJson\Feature\Feature(null, null, null, $box);

JSON Serialization

Each class in the library implements PHP 5.4's JsonSerializable interface, which allows objects to be passed directly to json_encode().

$point = new \GeoJson\Geometry\Point([1, 1]);
$json = json_encode($point);

Printing the $json variable would yield (sans whitespace):

    "type": "Point",
    "coordinates": [1, 1]

A stub interface is included for compatibility with PHP 5.3, although lack of core support for the interface means that jsonSerialize() will need to be manually called and its return value passed to json_encode().

JSON Unserialization

The core GeoJson class implements an internal JsonUnserializable interface, which defines a static factory method, jsonUnserialize(), that can be used to create objects from the return value of json_decode().

$json = '{ "type": "Point", "coordinates": [1, 1] }';
$json = json_decode($json);
$point = \GeoJson\GeoJson::jsonUnserialize($json);

If errors are encountered during unserialization, an UnserializationException will be thrown by jsonUnserialize(). Possible errors include:

  • Missing properties (e.g. type is not present)
  • Unexpected values (e.g. coordinates property is not an array)
  • Unsupported type string when parsing a GeoJson object or CRS