hoa/math

The Hoa\Math library.

1.17.05.16 2017-05-16 08:02 UTC

README

Hoa

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Hoa is a modular, extensible and structured set of PHP libraries.
Moreover, Hoa aims at being a bridge between industrial and research worlds.

Hoa\Math

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This library provides tools around mathematical operations.

Learn more.

Installation

With Composer, to include this library into your dependencies, you need to require hoa/math:

$ composer require hoa/math '~1.0'

For more installation procedures, please read the Source page.

Testing

Before running the test suites, the development dependencies must be installed:

$ composer install

Then, to run all the test suites:

$ vendor/bin/hoa test:run

For more information, please read the contributor guide.

Quick usage

We propose a quick overview of one feature: evaluation of arithmetical expressions.

Evaluation of arithmetical expressions

The hoa://Library/Math/Arithmetic.pp describes the form of an arithmetical expression. Therefore, we will use the classical workflow when manipulating a grammar, that involves the Hoa\Compiler library and the Hoa\Math\Visitor\Arithmetic class.

// 1. Load the compiler.
$compiler = Hoa\Compiler\Llk::load(
    new Hoa\File\Read('hoa://Library/Math/Arithmetic.pp')
);

// 2. Load the visitor, aka the “evaluator”.
$visitor    = new Hoa\Math\Visitor\Arithmetic();

// 3. Declare the expression.
$expression = '1 / 2 / 3 + 4 * (5 * 2 - 6) * PI / avg(7, 8, 9)';

// 4. Parse the expression.
$ast        = $compiler->parse($expression);

// 5. Evaluate.
var_dump(
    $visitor->visit($ast)
);

/**
 * Will output:
 *     float(6.4498519738463)
 */

// Bonus. Print the AST of the expression.
$dump = new Hoa\Compiler\Visitor\Dump();
echo $dump->visit($ast);

/**
 * Will output:
 *     >  #addition
 *     >  >  #division
 *     >  >  >  token(number, 1)
 *     >  >  >  #division
 *     >  >  >  >  token(number, 2)
 *     >  >  >  >  token(number, 3)
 *     >  >  #multiplication
 *     >  >  >  token(number, 4)
 *     >  >  >  #multiplication
 *     >  >  >  >  #group
 *     >  >  >  >  >  #substraction
 *     >  >  >  >  >  >  #multiplication
 *     >  >  >  >  >  >  >  token(number, 5)
 *     >  >  >  >  >  >  >  token(number, 2)
 *     >  >  >  >  >  >  token(number, 6)
 *     >  >  >  >  #division
 *     >  >  >  >  >  token(constant, PI)
 *     >  >  >  >  >  #function
 *     >  >  >  >  >  >  token(id, avg)
 *     >  >  >  >  >  >  token(number, 7)
 *     >  >  >  >  >  >  token(number, 8)
 *     >  >  >  >  >  >  token(number, 9)
 */

We can add functions and constants on the visitor, thanks to the addFunction and addConstant methods. Thus, we will add the rand function (with 2 parameters) and the ANSWER constant, set to 42:

$visitor->addFunction('rand', function ($min, $max) {
    return mt_rand($min, $max);
});
$visitor->addConstant('ANSWER', 42);

$expression = 'rand(ANSWER / 2, ANSWER * 2)'
var_dump(
    $visitor->visit($compiler->parse($expression))
);

/**
 * Could output:
 *     int(53)
 */

Documentation

The hack book of Hoa\Math contains detailed information about how to use this library and how it works.

To generate the documentation locally, execute the following commands:

$ composer require --dev hoa/devtools
$ vendor/bin/hoa devtools:documentation --open

More documentation can be found on the project's website: hoa-project.net.

Getting help

There are mainly two ways to get help:

Contribution

Do you want to contribute? Thanks! A detailed contributor guide explains everything you need to know.

License

Hoa is under the New BSD License (BSD-3-Clause). Please, see LICENSE for details.

Related projects

The following projects are using this library:

  • PSIH & PMSIpilot, PSIH is the leading French integrator of business intelligence solutions for the healthcare sector,
  • PHP Telegram Bot, Telegram bot based on the official Telegram Bot API.