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A service container-based Symfony Console application template.

2.0.0 2013-08-07 20:06 UTC

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Last update: 2021-12-07 01:33:36 UTC


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CLI App is a template for creating console applications based on Symfony Console and the Herrera.io Service Container. Think Silex, but for console applications, and easier.


use Herrera\Cli\Application;

$app = new Application(
        'app.name' => 'MyApp',
        'app.version' => '1.2.3',

$myCommand = $app->add(
    function ($in, $out) {
        $out->writeln('Hello, ' . $in->getArgument('name') . '!');

        return 123;



Running the example:

$ php myApp.php myCommand world
Hello, world!


Add it to your list of Composer dependencies:

$ composer require "herrera-io/cli-app=~2.0"


Creating a new application is as simple as instantiating the Application class. The class itself is an extension of the Container class from the Herrera.io service container library.

use Herrera\Cli\Application;

$app = new Application(
        'app.name' => 'Example',
        'app.version' => '1.0',

The purpose of app.name and app.version will be later discussed in the section titled Configuration. It is one of many customizable options for the application.

Default Services

When the application is instantiated two services are registered:

  • Herrera\Cli\Provider\ErrorHandlingServiceProvider — Replaces the current error handler with one provided by the service. The custom error handler will simply convert all errors into instances of ErrorException and throw them. The handler will respect the current error_reporting() setting.
  • Herrera\Cli\Provider\ConsoleServiceProvider — The console service provider that is used by the application to configure, add commands, add helpers, and run.

The Application class is designed so that you can replace the default registered services by overriding a single method. You can also extend the method to register additional default services.

class CustomApplication extends Application
     * @override
    protected function registerDefaultServices()

        $this->register(new Service());

Adding a Command

To add a new command to the application, you will need to call the add() method. This method will create a new command and return it for further, optional, configuration. The command returned is an instance of the Symfony\Component\Console\Command\Command class.

$command = $app->add(
    function ($in, $out) {
        // command code


Adding a Helper

To add a helper to the application, you will need to call the set() method. This method will register the helper with the current helper set. Any instance of Symfony\Component\Console\Helper\HelperInterface is accepted.

$app->set(new Helper());

App Container as Helper

The Application container is registered as a helper in the console instance. This will make it easier to access the container in order to use other services within a command that extends the Command class.

use Symfony\Component\Console\Command\Command;
use Symfony\Component\Console\Input\InputInterface;
use Symfony\Component\Console\Output\OutputInterface;

class CustomCommand extends Command
    protected function configure()

    protected function execute(InputInterface $input, OutputInterface $output)
        $app = $this->getHelperSet()->get('app');


Running the application is simple:

$status = $app->run();

If auto exiting is disabled, $status will hold the exit status code.


The majority of the all available configuration parameters and servics lie within the ConsoleServiceProvider that is registered with the Application service container. The default parameters and services can be modified until the console service is used. Any further changes will not take any effect.

These are the default console parameters:

use Symfony\Component\Console\Output\ConsoleOutput;

    // the name of the application
    'app.name' => 'UNKNOWN',

    // the version of the application
    'app.version' => 'UNKNOWN',

    // automatically exit once the app has run?
    'console.auto_exist' => true,

    // the overriding list of $_SERVER['argv'] values
    'console.input.argv' => null,

    // the default array of input definitions
    'console.input.definition' => null,

    // the default verbosity level
    'console.output.verbosity' => ConsoleOutput::VERBOSITY_NORMAL,

    // the default "use decorator" flag
    'console.output.decorator' => null,

These are the default console services:

// the Symfony `Console` instance

// creates new `Command` instances

// the Symfony `ArgvInput` instance

// the Symfony `ConsoleOutput` instance

// the Symfony `OutputFormatter` instance

// runs `Application->run()` with input and output services