PHP receipt printer library for use with ESC/POS-compatible thermal and impact printers

v3.1.0 2019-04-03 13:50 UTC


This project implements a subset of Epson's ESC/POS protocol for thermal receipt printers. It allows you to generate and print receipts with basic formatting, cutting, and barcodes on a compatible printer.

The library was developed to add drop-in support for receipt printing to any PHP app, including web-based point-of-sale (POS) applications.


Interfaces and operating systems

This driver is known to work with the following OS/interface combinations:

  Linux Mac Windows
Ethernet Yes Yes Yes
USB Yes Not tested Yes
USB-serial Yes Yes Yes
Serial Yes Yes Yes
Parallel Yes Not tested Yes
SMB shared Yes No Yes
CUPS hosted Yes Yes No


Many thermal receipt printers support ESC/POS to some degree. This driver has been known to work with:

  • Bematech-4200-TH

Basic usage

Include the library


If you are using composer, then add grupocoqueiro/escpos-php as a dependency:

composer require grupocoqueiro/escpos-php

In this case, you would include composer's auto-loader at the top of your source files:

require __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php';


If you don't have composer available, then simply download the code and include autoload.php:

git clone vendor/grupocoqueiro/escpos-php
require __DIR__ . '/vendor/grupocoqueiro/escpos-php/autoload.php';


To maintain compatibility with as many systems as possible, this driver has few hard dependencies:

  • PHP 7 or above.
  • mbstring extension, since the driver accepts UTF-8 encoding.

It is also suggested that you install either imagick or gd, so that you can print images.

A number of optional packages can be added to enable more specific features. These are described in the "suggest" section of composer.json.

The 'Hello World' receipt

To make use of this driver, your server (where PHP is installed) must be able to communicate with your printer. Start by generating a simple receipt and sending it to your printer using the command-line.

/* Call this file 'hello-world.php' */
require __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php';
use grupocoqueiro\Escpos\PrintConnectors\FilePrintConnector;
use grupocoqueiro\Escpos\Printer;
$connector = new FilePrintConnector("php://stdout");
$printer = new Printer($connector);
$printer->text("Hello World!\n");

Some examples are below for common interfaces.

Communicate with a printer with an Ethernet interface using netcat:

php hello-world.php | nc 10.x.x.x. 9100

A USB local printer connected with usblp on Linux has a device file (Includes USB-parallel interfaces):

php hello-world.php > /dev/usb/lp0

A computer installed into the local cups server is accessed through lp or lpr:

php hello-world.php > foo.txt
lpr -o raw -H localhost -P printer foo.txt

A local or networked printer on a Windows computer is mapped in to a file, and generally requires you to share the printer first:

php hello-world.php > foo.txt
net use LPT1 \\server\printer
copy foo.txt LPT1
del foo.txt

If you have troubles at this point, then you should consult your OS and printer system documentation to try to find a working print command.

Using a PrintConnector

To print receipts from PHP, use the most applicable PrintConnector for your setup. The connector simply provides the plumbing to get data to the printer.

For example, a NetworkPrintConnector accepts an IP address and port:

use grupocoqueiro\Escpos\PrintConnectors\NetworkPrintConnector;
use grupocoqueiro\Escpos\Printer;
$connector = new NetworkPrintConnector("10.x.x.x", 9100);
$printer = new Printer($connector);
try {
    // ... Print stuff
} finally {
    $printer -> close();

While a serial printer might use:

use grupocoqueiro\Escpos\PrintConnectors\FilePrintConnector;
use grupocoqueiro\Escpos\Printer;
$connector = new FilePrintConnector("/dev/ttyS0");
$printer = new Printer($connector);

For each OS/interface combination that's supported, there are examples in the compatibility section of how a PrintConnector would be constructed. If you can't get a PrintConnector to work, then be sure to include the working print command in bug.

Using a CapabilityProfile

Support for commands and code pages varies between printer vendors and models. By default, the driver will accept UTF-8, and output commands that are suitable for Epson TM-series printers.

When trying out a new brand of printer, it's a good idea to use the "simple" CapabilityProfile, which instructs the driver to avoid the use of advanced features (generally simpler image handling, ASCII-only text).

use grupocoqueiro\Escpos\PrintConnectors\WindowsPrintConnector;
use grupocoqueiro\Escpos\CapabilityProfile;
$profile = CapabilityProfile::load("simple");
$connector = new WindowsPrintConnector("smb://computer/printer");
$printer = new Printer($connector, $profile);

As another example, Star-branded printers use different commands:

use grupocoqueiro\Escpos\PrintConnectors\WindowsPrintConnector;
use grupocoqueiro\Escpos\CapabilityProfile;
$profile = CapabilityProfile::load("SP2000")
$connector = new WindowsPrintConnector("smb://computer/printer");
$printer = new Printer($connector, $profile);

Available methods

__construct(PrintConnector $connector, CapabilityProfile $profile)

Construct new print object.


  • PrintConnector $connector: The PrintConnector to send data to.
  • CapabilityProfile $profile Supported features of this printer. If not set, the "default" CapabilityProfile will be used, which is suitable for Epson printers.

barcode($content, $type)

Print a barcode.


  • string $content: The information to encode.
  • int $type: The barcode standard to output. If not specified, Printer::BARCODE_CODE39 will be used.

Currently supported barcode standards are (depending on your printer):


Note that some barcode standards can only encode numbers, so attempting to print non-numeric codes with them may result in strange behaviour.

bitImage(EscposImage $image, $size)

See graphics() below.

cut($mode, $lines)

Cut the paper.


  • int $mode: Cut mode, either Printer::CUT_FULL or Printer::CUT_PARTIAL. If not specified, Printer::CUT_FULL will be used.
  • int $lines: Number of lines to feed before cutting. If not specified, 3 will be used.


Print and feed line / Print and feed n lines.


  • int $lines: Number of lines to feed


Some printers require a form feed to release the paper. On most printers, this command is only useful in page mode, which is not implemented in this driver.


Print and reverse feed n lines.


  • int $lines: number of lines to feed. If not specified, 1 line will be fed.

graphics(EscposImage $image, $size)

Print an image to the printer.


  • EscposImage $img: The image to print.
  • int $size: Output size modifier for the image.

Size modifiers are:

  • IMG_DEFAULT (leave image at original size)

A minimal example:

$img = EscposImage::load("logo.png");
$printer -> graphics($img);

See the example/ folder for detailed examples.

The function bitImage() takes the same parameters, and can be used if your printer doesn't support the newer graphics commands. As an additional fallback, the bitImageColumnFormat() function is also provided.


Initialize printer. This resets formatting back to the defaults.

pdf417Code($content, $width, $heightMultiplier, $dataColumnCount, $ec, $options)

Print a two-dimensional data code using the PDF417 standard.


  • string $content: Text or numbers to store in the code
  • number $width: Width of a module (pixel) in the printed code. Default is 3 dots.
  • number $heightMultiplier: Multiplier for height of a module. Default is 3 times the width.
  • number $dataColumnCount: Number of data columns to use. 0 (default) is to auto-calculate. Smaller numbers will result in a narrower code, making larger pixel sizes possible. Larger numbers require smaller pixel sizes.
  • real $ec: Error correction ratio, from 0.01 to 4.00. Default is 0.10 (10%).
  • number $options: Standard code Printer::PDF417_STANDARD with start/end bars, or truncated code Printer::PDF417_TRUNCATED with start bars only.

pulse($pin, $on_ms, $off_ms)

Generate a pulse, for opening a cash drawer if one is connected. The default settings (0, 120, 240) should open an Epson drawer.


  • int $pin: 0 or 1, for pin 2 or pin 5 kick-out connector respectively.
  • int $on_ms: pulse ON time, in milliseconds.
  • int $off_ms: pulse OFF time, in milliseconds.

qrCode($content, $ec, $size, $model)

Print the given data as a QR code on the printer.

  • string $content: The content of the code. Numeric data will be more efficiently compacted.
  • int $ec Error-correction level to use. One of Printer::QR_ECLEVEL_L (default), Printer::QR_ECLEVEL_M, Printer::QR_ECLEVEL_Q or Printer::QR_ECLEVEL_H. Higher error correction results in a less compact code.
  • int $size: Pixel size to use. Must be 1-16 (default 3)
  • int $model: QR code model to use. Must be one of Printer::QR_MODEL_1, Printer::QR_MODEL_2 (default) or Printer::QR_MICRO (not supported by all printers).


Select print mode(s).


  • int $mode: The mode to use. Default is Printer::MODE_FONT_A, with no special formatting. This has a similar effect to running initialize().

Several MODE_* constants can be OR'd together passed to this function's $mode argument. The valid modes are:



Set barcode height.


  • int $height: Height in dots. If not specified, 8 will be used.


Set barcode bar width.


  • int $width: Bar width in dots. If not specified, 3 will be used. Values above 6 appear to have no effect.


Select print color - on printers that support multiple colors.


  • int $color: Color to use. Must be either Printer::COLOR_1 (default), or Printer::COLOR_2


Turn double-strike mode on/off.


  • boolean $on: true for double strike, false for no double strike.


Turn emphasized mode on/off.


  • boolean $on: true for emphasis, false for no emphasis.


Select font. Most printers have two fonts (Fonts A and B), and some have a third (Font C).


  • int $font: The font to use. Must be either Printer::FONT_A, Printer::FONT_B, or Printer::FONT_C.


Select justification.


  • int $justification: One of Printer::JUSTIFY_LEFT, Printer::JUSTIFY_CENTER, or Printer::JUSTIFY_RIGHT.


Set the height of the line.

Some printers will allow you to overlap lines with a smaller line feed.


  • int $height: The height of each line, in dots. If not set, the printer will reset to its default line spacing.


Set print area left margin. Reset to default with Printer::initialize().


  • int $margin: The left margin to set on to the print area, in dots.


Set print area width. This can be used to add a right margin to the print area. Reset to default with Printer::initialize().


  • int $width: The width of the page print area, in dots.


Set black/white reverse mode on or off. In this mode, text is printed white on a black background.


  • boolean $on: True to enable, false to disable.

setTextSize($widthMultiplier, $heightMultiplier)

Set the size of text, as a multiple of the normal size.


  • int $widthMultiplier: Multiple of the regular height to use (range 1 - 8).
  • int $heightMultiplier: Multiple of the regular height to use (range 1 - 8).


Set underline for printed text.


  • int $underline: Either true/false, or one of Printer::UNDERLINE_NONE, Printer::UNDERLINE_SINGLE or Printer::UNDERLINE_DOUBLE. Defaults to Printer::UNDERLINE_SINGLE.


Add text to the buffer. Text should either be followed by a line-break, or feed() should be called after this.


  • string $str: The string to print.

Further notes

Posts I've written up for people who are learning how to use receipt printers:


This code is MIT licensed, and you are encouraged to contribute any modifications back to the project.

For development, it's suggested that you load imagick, gd and Xdebug PHP exensions, and install composer.

The tests are executed on Travis CI over PHP 5.4, 5.5, 5.6, 7.0, 7.1 and 7.2, plus the latest LTS version of HHVM, 3.21. Older versions of PHP are not supported in current releases.

Fetch a copy of this code and load dependencies with composer:

git clone
cd escpos-php/
composer install

Execute unit tests via phpunit:

php vendor/bin/phpunit --coverage-text

This project uses the PSR-2 standard, which can be checked via PHP_CodeSniffer:

php vendor/bin/phpcs --standard=psr2 src/ -n

The developer docs are build with doxygen. Re-build them to check for documentation warnings:

make -C doc clean && make -C doc

Pull requests and bug reports welcome.