donatj/printf-parser

PHP printf-syntax compatible printf string parser. Parses printf strings into a stream of lexemes.

v0.2.0 2021-05-18 22:43 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2021-08-24 16:15:16 UTC


README

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PHP printf-syntax compatible printf string parser.

Parses printf strings into a stream of lexemes.

Requirements

  • php: >=7.1

Installing

Install the latest version with:

composer require 'donatj/printf-parser'

Example

Here is a simple example:

<?php

require __DIR__ . '/../vendor/autoload.php';

$emitter = new \donatj\Printf\LexemeEmitter;
$parser  = new \donatj\Printf\Parser($emitter);

$parser->parseStr('percent of %s: %d%%');

$lexemes = $emitter->getLexemes();

foreach( $lexemes as $lexeme ) {
	echo $lexeme->getLexItemType() . ' -> ';
	echo var_export($lexeme->getVal(), true);

	if( $lexeme instanceof \donatj\Printf\ArgumentLexeme ) {
		echo ' arg type: ' . $lexeme->argType();
	}

	echo PHP_EOL;
}

Output:

! -> 'percent of '
s -> 's' arg type: string
! -> ': '
d -> 'd' arg type: int
! -> '%'

Documentation

Class: \donatj\Printf\Parser

Parser implements a PHP Printf compatible Printf string parser.

Method: Parser->__construct

function __construct(\donatj\Printf\Emitter $emitter)

Parser constructor.

Parameters:
  • \donatj\Printf\Emitter $emitter - The given Emitter to emit Lexemes as parsed

Method: Parser->parseStr

function parseStr(string $string) : void

Parses a printf string and emit parsed lexemes to the configured Emitter

Class: \donatj\Printf\LexemeEmitter

Method: LexemeEmitter->getLexemes

function getLexemes() : \donatj\Printf\LexemeCollection

Return the Lexemes received by the emitter as an immutable LexemeCollection

Class: \donatj\Printf\LexemeCollection

LexemeCollection is an immutable iterable collection of Lexemes with ArrayAccess

Method: LexemeCollection->getInvalid

function getInvalid() : ?\donatj\Printf\Lexeme

Retrieve the first invalid Lexeme or null if all are valid.

This is useful for checking if a printf string parsed without error.

Method: LexemeCollection->toArray

function toArray() : array

Get the LexemeCollection as an ordered array of Lexemes

Returns:
  • \donatj\Printf\Lexeme[]

Method: LexemeCollection->argTypes

function argTypes() : array
Returns the list of expected arguments a 1-indexed map of the following
PrintfLexeme::ARG_TYPE_MISSING  
PrintfLexeme::ARG_TYPE_INT  
PrintfLexeme::ARG_TYPE_DOUBLE  
PrintfLexeme::ARG_TYPE_STRING  
Returns:
  • string[]

Class: \donatj\Printf\Lexeme

Lexeme represents a "basic" component of a printf string - either Literal Strings "!" or Invalid Lexemes

<?php
namespace donatj\Printf;

class Lexeme {
	public const T_INVALID = '';
	public const T_LITERAL_STRING = '!';
}

Method: Lexeme->__construct

function __construct(string $lexItemType, string $val, int $pos)

LexItem constructor.

Method: Lexeme->getLexItemType

function getLexItemType() : string

The type of the printf Lexeme

Method: Lexeme->getVal

function getVal() : string

The text of the lexeme

Method: Lexeme->getPos

function getPos() : int

The string position of the given lexeme

Class: \donatj\Printf\ArgumentLexeme

<?php
namespace donatj\Printf;

class ArgumentLexeme {
	/** @var string the argument is treated as an integer and presented as a binary number. */
	public const T_INT_AS_BINARY = 'b';
	/** @var string the argument is treated as an integer and presented as the character with that ASCII value. */
	public const T_INT_AS_CHARACTER = 'c';
	/** @var string the argument is treated as an integer and presented as a (signed) decimal number. */
	public const T_INT = 'd';
	/** @var string the argument is treated as scientific notation (e.g. 1.2e+2). The precision specifier stands for the
number of digits after the decimal point since PHP 5.2.1. In earlier versions, it was taken as number of
significant digits (one less). */
	public const T_DOUBLE_AS_SCI = 'e';
	/** @var string like %e but uses uppercase letter (e.g. 1.2E+2). */
	public const T_DOUBLE_AS_SCI_CAP = 'E';
	/** @var string the argument is treated as a float and presented as a floating-point number (locale aware). */
	public const T_FLOAT_LOCALE = 'f';
	/** @var string the argument is treated as a float and presented as a floating-point number (non-locale aware).
Available since PHP 5.0.3. */
	public const T_FLOAT_NO_LOCALE = 'F';
	/** @var string shorter of %e and %f. */
	public const T_FLOAT_AUTO_SCI = 'g';
	/** @var string shorter of %E and %F. */
	public const T_FLOAT_AUTO_SCI_CAP = 'G';
	/** @var string the argument is treated as an integer and presented as an octal number. */
	public const T_INT_AS_OCTAL = 'o';
	/** @var string the argument is treated as and presented as a string. */
	public const T_STRING = 's';
	/** @var string the argument is treated as an integer and presented as an unsigned decimal number. */
	public const T_INT_UNSIGNED = 'u';
	/** @var string the argument is treated as an integer and presented as a hexadecimal number (with lowercase letters). */
	public const T_INT_HEX = 'x';
	/** @var string the argument is treated as an integer and presented as a hexadecimal number (with uppercase letters). */
	public const T_INT_HEX_CAP = 'X';
	public const VALID_T_TYPES = [self::T_INT_AS_BINARY, self::T_INT_AS_CHARACTER, self::T_INT, self::T_DOUBLE_AS_SCI, self::T_DOUBLE_AS_SCI_CAP, self::T_FLOAT_LOCALE, self::T_FLOAT_NO_LOCALE, self::T_FLOAT_AUTO_SCI, self::T_FLOAT_AUTO_SCI_CAP, self::T_INT_AS_OCTAL, self::T_STRING, self::T_INT_UNSIGNED, self::T_INT_HEX, self::T_INT_HEX_CAP];
	public const ARG_TYPE_MISSING = '';
	public const ARG_TYPE_INT = 'int';
	public const ARG_TYPE_DOUBLE = 'float';
	public const ARG_TYPE_STRING = 'string';
	/** @var int[] string    s */
	public const STRING_TYPES = [self::T_STRING];
	/** @var int[] integer    d, u, c, o, x, X, b */
	public const INTEGER_TYPES = [self::T_INT, self::T_INT_UNSIGNED, self::T_INT_AS_CHARACTER, self::T_INT_AS_OCTAL, self::T_INT_HEX, self::T_INT_HEX_CAP, self::T_INT_AS_BINARY];
	/** @var int[] double    g, G, e, E, f, F */
	public const DOUBLE_TYPES = [self::T_FLOAT_AUTO_SCI, self::T_FLOAT_AUTO_SCI_CAP, self::T_DOUBLE_AS_SCI, self::T_DOUBLE_AS_SCI_CAP, self::T_FLOAT_LOCALE, self::T_FLOAT_NO_LOCALE];
	public const T_INVALID = '';
	public const T_LITERAL_STRING = '!';
}

Method: ArgumentLexeme->__construct

function __construct(string $lexItemType, string $val, int $pos, ?int $arg, bool $showPositive, ?string $padChar, ?int $padWidth, bool $leftJustified, ?int $precision)

ArgumentLexeme constructor.

LexItem constructor.

Method: ArgumentLexeme->getArg

function getArg() : ?int

The position specifier, such as %3$s would return 3 and %s would return null

Returns:
  • int | null - null on unspecified

Method: ArgumentLexeme->getShowPositive

function getShowPositive() : bool

Is the "Prefix positive numbers with a plus sign +" flag enabled

Method: ArgumentLexeme->getPadChar

function getPadChar() : ?string

Specified pad character flag

Returns:
  • string | null - null on unspecified

Method: ArgumentLexeme->getPadWidth

function getPadWidth() : ?int

Specified pad width

Returns:
  • int | null - null on unspecified

Method: ArgumentLexeme->getLeftJustified

function getLeftJustified() : bool

Is left-justification flag enabled?

Method: ArgumentLexeme->getPrecision

function getPrecision() : ?int

The Lexeme's indicated precision.

Returns:
  • int | null - null on unspecified

Method: ArgumentLexeme->argType

function argType() : string

Returns based on the type of argument one of the following

PrintfLexeme::ARG_TYPE_MISSING
PrintfLexeme::ARG_TYPE_INT
PrintfLexeme::ARG_TYPE_DOUBLE
PrintfLexeme::ARG_TYPE_STRING

Method: ArgumentLexeme->getLexItemType

function getLexItemType() : string

The type of the printf Lexeme

Method: ArgumentLexeme->getVal

function getVal() : string

The text of the lexeme

Method: ArgumentLexeme->getPos

function getPos() : int

The string position of the given lexeme