carbon/pipeline

Ultra-fast build stack for Neos CMS based on esbuild and PostCSS

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Language:JavaScript

Type:neos-build


README

Carbon.Pipeline – Build stack for Neos CMS

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Carbon.Pipeline is a delicious blend of esbuild and PostCSS to form a full-featured, ultra-fast modern Javascript and CSS bundler for Flow Framework and Neos CMS.

Getting started

First, thank you that you want to give this build stack a try! If you miss a ✨ feature or found a 🐛 bug, feel free to open an issue.

Install via composer

Run composer require carbon/pipeline --dev. Some files (if not already existing) will be copied to your root folder during the installation. After installing the package, run the command install to install the required packages defined in package.json. Feel free to modify and change dependencies before installing 👍

Standalone use in custom projects without Neos

Carbon.Pipeline is also a perfect choice for your non-Neos projects. Consider installing the composer package neos/composer-plugin beforehand to get Carbon.Pipeline installed in the correct directory under Build/Carbon.Pipeline.

Manual install

If you want to make significant adjustments to the build stack, you can also download the code as zip file and put it in the Build/Carbon.Pipeline folder. Go to Carbon.Pipeline/Installer/Distribution/Defaults and copy the files to your root folder (Don't forget the hidden files, starting with a dot). After this is done, run the command install to install the required packages defined in package.json. Feel free to modify and change dependencies before installing 👍

Choose a package manager

You can choose between different package managers: npm, Yarn and the ultra-fast and disk-space saving pnpm. You can set your favorite package manager by running the command pnpm setPackageManager, npm run setPackageManager npm or yarn setPackageManager yarn. The script behind it don't need any dependencies, so you can run it before the install command. The default package manager is pnpm

Add files to the build stack

Carbon.Pipeline assumes the following project directory structure for resources:

A configured location under

  • Resources/Private: input files
  • Resources/: output files

The whole configuration, including which files to build, is configured in pipeline.yaml. The default values are set in defaults.yaml and merged with your configuration. Under the key packages, you can either add an array with package settings or, if you have just one entry, you can directly add the configuration:

packages:
  - package: Vendor.Bar
    files:
      - Main.pcss
      - Main.js

# This is the same as
packages:
  package: Vendor.Bar
  files:
    - Main.pcss
    - Main.js

If you have just one file, you can pass this directly without creating an array:

packages:
  package: Vendor.Bar
  files: Main.js

If you don't set files, all parsable files from the input folder get rendered. Files that start with an underscore (_) will be ignored.

packages:
  package: Vendor.Bar

To change the input and/or the output folder, you can do this with the folder option:

packages:
  package: Vendor.Bar
  folder:
    input: Assets
    output:
      inline: Private/Templates
      style: Public
      script: Public
      module: Public
      commonJS: Public

Further, you can write the files to another package:

packages:
  package: Vendor.Bar
  folder:
    output:
      package: Vendor.Theme

If you want to go crazy with multi-sites in Neos, you can also write the files to multiple packages:

packages:
  package: Vendor.Bar
  folder:
    output:
      package:
        - Vendor.Theme
        - Vendor.Bar

A package entry has the following options:

Key Type Description Example
package string The name of the package (required) Vendor.Foo
files string or array The names of the entry files. If none given, all parsable files in the input folder get rendered Main.js
folder.input string The folder under Resources/Private where to look for the entry files Assets
folder.output.package string or array If set, the files will be writen in a different package (one or multiple) Foo.Bar
folder.output.inline string The folder where inline files get rendered Private/Templates/
folder.output.style string The folder where inline styles rendered Public/Assets
folder.output.script string The folder where inline scripts rendered Public/Assets
folder.output.module string The folder where inline modules rendered Public/Assets
folder.output.commonJS string The folder where inline commonJS files get rendered Public/Assets
external string or array You can mark a file or a package as external to exclude it from your build. */Modules/*
inline boolean Flag to toggle if the files should be inlined. If set, sourcemaps are disabled true
sourcemap boolean Flag to toggle source map generation false
format string Set the format of the output file. Read more cjs
jsFileExtension array or false File extensions of javascript files. If set to false, all files will have the extension .js false
jsFileExtension.script string File extension of script files .js
jsFileExtension.module string Output extension of module JS files. .module
jsFileExtension.commonJS string Output extension of common JS files. .common

These are the default values for the folders:

folder:
  input: Fusion
  output:
    inline: Private/Templates/InlineAssets
    style: Public/Styles
    script: Public/Scripts
    module: Public/Modules
    commonJS: Public/CommonJS

and these for the build options:

external: null
inline: false
sourcemap: true
format: iife
jsFileExtension:
  script: .js
  module: .mjs
  commonJS: .cjs

The target folders can be adjusted under the key folder.output. If you want to change the defaults for all your packages, you can also set this globally in your pipeline.yaml:

folder:
  input: Assets
  output:
    inline: Private/Templates
    style: Public
    script: Public
    module: Public
    commonJS: Public

buildDefaults:
  sourcemap: false
  format: esm

Please look at the defaults.yaml file for all the options.

If you set an entry file with the javascript module suffix (.mjs, .mjsx, .mts or .mtsx) the format of this file will be enforced to esm. The same with commonJS: If you set an entry file with the javascript commonJS suffix (.cjs, .cjsx, .cts or .ctsx) the format of this file will be enforced to cjs. E.g., if you have the following array ["Main.js", "Module.mjs", "CommonJS.cjs"], and have no specific setting for the format, Main.js will have the format iife, Module.mjs will have the format esm and CommonJS.cjs will have the format cjs.

Tasks

As you can choose your favorite package manager, you have to prepend the task name with the corresponding name (pnpm, yarn or npm run)

There are five predefined main tasks:

Command Description Command
watch Start the file watcher concurrently -r $npm_package_config_packageManager:watch:*
dev Build the files once concurrently -r $npm_package_config_packageManager:dev:*
build Build the files once for production (with optimzed file size) concurrently -r $npm_package_config_packageManager:build:*
pipeline Run install, and build the files for production $npm_package_config_packageManager install;concurrently -r $npm_package_config_packageManager:pipeline:*
showConfig Shows the merged configuration from pipeline.yaml and defaults.yaml node Build/Carbon.Pipeline/showConfig.mjs
setPackageManager Set your package manager. node Build/Carbon.Pipeline/setPackageManager.js

The tasks are split up, so they can run in parallel mode. But you can also run them separately:

Command Description Command
watch:js Start the file watcher for JavaScript files node Build/Carbon.Pipeline/esbuild.mjs --watch
watch:css Start the file watcher for CSS files node Build/Carbon.Pipeline/postcss.mjs --watch
dev:js Build the files once for JavaScript files node Build/Carbon.Pipeline/esbuild.mjs
dev:css Build the files once for CSS files node Build/Carbon.Pipeline/postcss.mjs
build:js Build the JavaScript files once for production node Build/Carbon.Pipeline/esbuild.mjs --production
build:css Build the CSS files once for production node Build/Carbon.Pipeline/postcss.mjs --production
pipeline:build Build the files once for production (with optimzed file size) concurrently -r $npm_package_config_packageManager:build:*

Extendibility

Of course, you can also add your own tasks in the scripts section of your package.json file. For example, if you have a Neos UI custom editor and want to start all your tasks in one place, you can add them like this:

"build:editor": "$npm_package_config_packageManager --dir DistributionPackages/Foo.Editor/Resources/Private/Editor/ build",
"watch:editor": "$npm_package_config_packageManager --dir DistributionPackages/Foo.Editor/Resources/Private/Editor/ watch",
"pipeline:editor": "$npm_package_config_packageManager --dir DistributionPackages/Foo.Editor/Resources/Private/Editor/ install",

Be aware that you may have different syntax for settings options based on the chosen task manager To set the current work directory, for example you have to set --cwd for yarn, --dir or -C for pnpm and --prefix for npm.

Because the tasks start with build:, respectively with watch: or pipeline:, the tasks will be included in the corresponding root command. In this example, build, watch or pipeline. If you want to go crazy, you can even mix different task managers.

Compression of files

In production mode (build), the files also get compressed with gzip and brotli. You can edit the compression level under the key buildDefaults.compression. Per default, the highest compression level is set. To disable compression at all, you can set it to false:

buildDefaults:
  compression: false

Or, if you want to disable just one of them, you can set the entry to false:

buildDefaults:
  compression:
    gzip: false

Import files from DistributionPackages and other Packages

By default, two aliases are predefined: DistributionPackages and Packages. Like that you can import (CSS and JS) files from other packages like that:

import "DistributionPackages/Vendor.Foo/Resources/Private/Fusion/Main";
import "Packages/Plugins/Jonnitto.PhotoSwipe/Resources/Private/Assets/PhotoSwipe";
@import "DistributionPackages/Vendor.Foo/Resources/Private/Fusion/Main.pcss";
@import "Packages/Carbon/Carbon.Image/Resources/Private/Assets/Tailwind.pcss";

Thanks to a custom made resolve function, you can also use globbing in CSS imports: @import "Presentation/**/*.pcss";

Alter the configuration file

In some setups, you may need multiple configurations with different config files. In this edge case, you can set a other config file in your scripts section in your package.json file:

"build:custom:css": "node Build/Carbon.Pipeline/postcss.mjs --configFile=pipelineCustom.yaml"

In this example, pipelineCustom.yaml gets used instead of pipeline.yaml.

CSS

Sass

If you want to use Sass (.scssor .sass files) you have to install sass and node-sass-tilde-importer:

For pnpm:

pnpm add -D sass node-sass-tilde-importer

For Yarn:

yarn add --dev sass node-sass-tilde-importer

For npm:

npm add -D sass node-sass-tilde-importer

You have to ways to import files from node_modules (Example with bootstrap):

@import "node_modules/bootstrap/scss/bootstrap";
@import "~bootstrap/scss/bootstrap";
Pass options to the sass compiler

You can pass options to the sass compiler with sassOptions.

Example: To silence warnings from stylesheets loaded through importers and load paths, you can enable quietDeps:

sassOptions:
  quietDeps: true

PostCSS

This template comes with a variety of PostCSS Plugins. Feel free to remove some or add your own favorite packages. The configuration is located in .postcssrc.mjs. The suffix of these files should be .pcss.

Pass custom options to you PostCSS config file

You can pass custom options to your PostCSS config file with key postcssOptions. In this example, you would access the key prefix with ctx.prefix in your PostCSS config file (.postcssrc.mjs).

postcssOptions:
  prefix: true

Use postcss resolve() function

You can use resolve() in your css/scss files to load resources (eg images) from Resources/Public of the package. The path will be resolved at compile-time.

.my-class {
  background-image: resolve('Images/my-image.jpg')
}

resolves to

.my-class {
  background-image: url('/_Resources/Static/Packages/Your.Package/Images/my-image.jpg')
}

If you choose to order your Packages in DistributionPackages in subfolders, you can add this setting to ensure the paths are correctly rewritten:

postcssOptions:
  additionalPackagePathPrefixes:
    - Sites
    - Plugins

This ensures that the path that is generated (eg /_Resources/Static/Packages/(Sites|Plugins)/Your.Package/.../) will be correctly resolved, removing the subfolder from the path.

PostCSS Plugins

Following plugins are included:
Name Description
postcss-import Plugin to transform @import rules by inlining content. Thanks to a custom resolve function you can also use glob
Tailwind CSS A utility-first CSS framework for rapidly building custom user interfaces
postcss-nested Unwrap nested rules like how Sass does it
postcss-assets Plugin to manage assets
postcss-clip-path-polyfill Add SVG hack for clip-path property to make it work in Firefox. Currently supports only polygon()
postcss-sort-media-queries Combine and sort CSS media queries
autoprefixer Parse CSS and add vendor prefixes to CSS rules using values from Can I Use
cssnano Modern CSS compression
postcss-reporter console.log() the messages (warnings, etc.) registered by other PostCSS plugins

Of course, you can add your own or remove not-needed Plugins as you want. This is just meant as a starting point.

Tailwind CSS

This setup comes with Tailwind CSS, a highly customizable, low-level CSS framework. An example configuration is provided in tailwind.config.mjs. The setup for purging the CSS files is also configured. Read more about controlling the file size here. Because the CSS bundling is done with the Javascript API from PostCSS, the Just-in-Time Mode from Tailwind CSS works perfectly. To remove a specific package, you could use this pattern in your pipeline.yaml:

buildDefaults:
  purge:
    - DistributionPackages/**/(Private|NodeTypes)/**/*.{fusion,html,js,jsx,ts,tsx,mjs,mjsx,mts,mtsx,cjs,cjsx,cts,ctsx,svelte,vue}
    - "!DistributionPackages/Package.ToRemove"

By the way: Alpine.js is excellent in combination with Tailwind CSS.

Javascript

Flow Settings in Javascript

Suppose you use tools like Flownative.Sentry, you perhaps want to pass some of the settings to your Javascript without setting a data attribute somewhere in the markup. For that, you can enable esbuild.defineFlowSettings. If set to true, all settings are passed. It is recommended to put it to a path (e.g. Flownative.Sentry). This path is added as --path attribute to the flow configuration:show command. If you run the command build, which automatically has the flag --production, the FLOW_CONTEXT is set to Production.

esbuild:
  defineFlowSettings: Flownative.Sentry

In Javascript, you can access the variables like this:

Sentry.init({
  dsn: FLOW.Flownative.Sentry.dsn,
  release: FLOW.Flownative.Sentry.release,
  environment: FLOW.Flownative.Sentry.environment,
  integrations: [new Integrations.BrowserTracing()],
});

Make sure your .eslintrc has the global FLOW enabled:

{
  "globals": {
    "FLOW": "readonly"
  }
}
Pass options to esbuild

You can pass options to the esbuild API with esbuild.options.

Example: To remove some functions from the production build, you can use the esbuild.options.pure setting. If you have just one function, you can pass a string; otherwise, you have to set it to an array:

esbuild:
  options:
    pure:
      - console.log
      - console.pure
TypeScript

If you want to use TypeScript, add the following packages to package.json:

For pnpm:

pnpm add -D typescript @typescript-eslint/eslint-plugin

For Yarn:

yarn add --dev typescript @typescript-eslint/eslint-plugin

For npm:

npm add -D typescript @typescript-eslint/eslint-plugin

Add your tsconfig.json file; this is just an example:

{
  "include": ["DistributionPackages/**/Private/*"],
  "exclude": [
    "node_modules/*",
    "DistributionPackages/**/Public/*",
    "DistributionPackages/**/Private/Templates/InlineAssets*",
    "Packages"
  ],
  "compilerOptions": {
    "baseUrl": "./",
    "paths": {
      "Packages/*": ["Packages/*"],
      "DistributionPackages/*": ["DistributionPackages/*"]
    }
  }
}

To enable the correct linting, edit .eslintrc:

{
  "parser": "@typescript-eslint/parser",
  "extends": [
    "plugin:@typescript-eslint/recommended",
    "eslint:recommended",
    "plugin:prettier/recommended",
    "prettier/@typescript-eslint"
  ],
  "env": {
    "es6": true,
    "node": true
  },
  "globals": {
    "FLOW": "readonly"
  }
}
React

Using JSX syntax usually requires you to manually import the JSX library you are using. For example, if you are using React, by default, you will need to import React into each JSX file like this:

import * as React from "react";
render(<div />);
Preact

If you're using JSX with a library other than React (such as Preact,), you'll likely need to configure the JSX factory and JSX fragment settings since they default to React.createElementand React.Fragment respectively. Add this to your tsconfig.json or jsconfig.json:

{
  "compilerOptions": {
    "jsxFactory": "h",
    "jsxFragmentFactory": "Fragment"
  }
}
Svelte

If you want to use Svelte, add the following packages to package.json:

For pnpm:

pnpm add -D svelte svelte-preprocess esbuild-svelte @tsconfig/svelte

For Yarn:

yarn add --dev svelte svelte-preprocess esbuild-svelte @tsconfig/svelte

For npm:

npm add -D svelte svelte-preprocess esbuild-svelte @tsconfig/svelte

Enable the plugin in your pipeline.yaml file:

esbuild:
  plugins:
    svelte:
      enable: true
      # Name of the esbuild plugin for svelte
      # plugin: esbuild-svelte
      # Name of the preprocess plugin
      # preprocess: svelte-preprocess
      # Add here your options
      options:
        compilerOptions:
          css: true

You can also configure the esbuild plugin and preprocess package, which should be used. Just add a key plugin or preprocess and the plugin name.

Your tsconfig.json may look like this:

{
  "extends": "@tsconfig/svelte/tsconfig.json",
  "include": ["DistributionPackages/**/Private/*"],
  "exclude": [
    "node_modules/*",
    "__sapper__/*",
    "DistributionPackages/**/Public/*",
    "DistributionPackages/**/Private/Templates/InlineAssets*",
    "Packages"
  ],
  "compilerOptions": {
    "baseUrl": "./",
    "paths": {
      "Packages/*": ["Packages/*"],
      "DistributionPackages/*": ["DistributionPackages/*"]
    }
  }
}
Vue.js

If you want to use Vue.js, add the following packages to package.json:

For pnpm:

pnpm add -D vue esbuild-plugin-vue3

For Yarn:

yarn add --dev vue esbuild-plugin-vue3

For npm:

npm add -D vue esbuild-plugin-vue3

Enable the plugin in your pipeline.yaml file:

esbuild:
  plugins:
    vue:
      enable: true
      # Name of the esbuild plugin for Vue
      # plugin: esbuild-plugin-vue3
      # You can pass your needed options here
      # options:

You can also configure the esbuild plugin, which should be used. Just add a key plugin and add the plugin name.

Babel.js / IE 11 support

If you want to use Babel.js, add the following packages to package.json:

For pnpm:

pnpm add -D @babel/core esbuild-plugin-babel

For Yarn:

yarn add --dev @babel/core esbuild-plugin-babel

For npm:

npm add -D @babel/core esbuild-plugin-babel

as well as additonals babel plugins and/or presets like @babel/preset-env, @babel/plugin-proposal-class-properties, @babel/plugin-proposal-object-rest-spread

Further, you have to add a file called babel.config.json, for example:

{
  "presets": [
    [
      "@babel/preset-env",
      {
        "modules": false
      }
    ]
  ],
  "plugins": ["@babel/proposal-class-properties", "@babel/proposal-object-rest-spread"]
}

Finally, enable the plugin in your pipeline.yaml file:

esbuild:
  plugins:
    babel:
      enable: true
      # You can pass your needed options here
      # options:

As the ENV variable is set to development or production if you run the tasks, you can have different setups (For example remove console commands with babel-plugin-transform-remove-console on production):

{
  "env": {
    "development": {
      "presets": [
        [
          "@babel/preset-env",
          {
            "modules": false
          }
        ]
      ],
      "plugins": ["@babel/proposal-class-properties", "@babel/proposal-object-rest-spread"]
    },
    "production": {
      "presets": [
        [
          "@babel/preset-env",
          {
            "modules": false
          }
        ]
      ],
      "plugins": ["@babel/proposal-class-properties", "@babel/proposal-object-rest-spread", "transform-remove-console"]
    }
  }
}

If you are a poor person and have to support Internet Explorer, you must edit your .browserslistrc. If a browser starting with ie is found, the target es5 gets activated.

defaults
ie 11
not dead
Additional esbuild plugins

You can also add additional esbuild plugins, for example esbuild-envfile-plugin:

esbuild:
  additionalPlugins:
    esbuild-envfile-plugin:
      functionName: setup
      options: null

As the plugin returns not the function directly (like others), you also have to pass the function's name. If a plugin returns the function directly, you don't have to set this. If you want to enable such a plugin without any options, you can just pass name-of-the-plugin: true

Live-Reloading

If you want to use live reloading, you can do this with Browsersync.

To install it run pnpm add --global browser-sync, yarn global add browser-sync, or npm install -g browser-sync.

Then you have to create an initial config with browser-sync init. After that, you need to adjust the created bs-config.js file. You can adjust every parameter, but the two parameter you need to set is files and proxy:

module.exports = {
  files: ["DistributionPackages/**/Public/**/*.css", "DistributionPackages/**/Public/**/*.js"],
  proxy: "http://your.local.domain",
};

If you want to also reload the page if a fusion or a template file gets changed, you can do so:

module.exports = {
  files: [
    "DistributionPackages/**/Public/**/*.css",
    "DistributionPackages/**/Public/**/*.js",
    "DistributionPackages/**/Private/**/*.fusion",
    "DistributionPackages/**/Private/**/*.html",
  ],
  proxy: "http://your.local.domain",
};

Make sure you set the correct proxy with the corresponding protocol (https:// or http://), depending on your setup. To create a better overview of the parameter, you can delete the not changed values from the file.

To start Browsersync you can run browser-sync start --config bs-config.js. If you want to start it together with watch, you can add the following line into the scripts section:

"watch:browsersync": "browser-sync start --config bs-config.js",