Builds config file with nginx syntax

0.2.0 2023-03-16 13:21 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2024-05-19 13:34:43 UTC


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Builds a file with syntax similar to nginx config. Nginx-specific directives are implemented in a separate package.


  • There is a "context" on the top level
  • Context contains list of items
  • An item can be "directive" or "comment"
  • There are two type of directives: single and block
  • A directive of any type has "name" and list of parameters (can be empty, a parameter is a string)
  • A block directive has nested context
  • Nested context contains list of items, etc. The number of levels is not limited


# The main context
# Comment line starts with "#"
# Indents doesn't matter
# Empty strings doesn't matter

single_directive_with_parameters one two three;

block_directive param1 param2 {
    # Nested context
    nested_block_directive {
        nested_nested_single_directive param;


use axy\nginx\config\syntax\Context;

$main = new Context();
    'The main context',
    'Comment line starts with "#"', 'Indents doesn\'t matter',
    'Empty strings doesn\'t matter',

$directive = $main->single('single_directive_with_parameters', ['one', 'two']);
$directive->params[] = 'three';

$block = $main->block('block_directive', ['param1', 'param2']);
$nested = $block->context->block('nested_block_directive');
$nested->context->single('nested_nested_single_directive', 'param');
$block->context->comment->set('Nested context');

echo $main->render();

Result is the text from "syntax" section.

Class hierarchy

  • BaseItem
    • BaseContext
      • Context
        • DirectiveContext
    • BaseDirective
      • SingleDirective
        • CustomSingleDirective
      • BlockDirective
        • CustomBlockDirective
  • Comment


A context has the public array $items. When a context is rendering it renders all items in order.

An item can be any value (object or scalar) that can be cast to a string.

$context->append(new CustomeSingleDirective('name')); // append BaseItem
$context->append('other_directive;'); // or just a string

An item is rendered on a separate line (or several lines) with indentation of the current context. If a scalar item converts to empty line it will take one empty line in the output. If an object item converts to empty line it will take no lines.

Methods and properties:

  • Can work with the $items array directly
  • append($item): void - appends an item to the array
  • single($name [, $params]): CustomSingleDirective - helper for easy creation of a single directive (see below). Creates, appends and returns.
  • block($name [, $params]): CustomBlockDirective - helper for block directive creation


CustomSingleDirective and CustomBlockDirective used for easy creation directives. They take as arguments in the constructor:

  • $name (string) - the directive name
  • $params - list of parameters
    • available as public property and can be changed afterwards
    • NULL - no params
    • string - displayed as is (without escaping)
    • string[] - list of parameters, escaped and imploded
      • escaped spaces and quoted
      • not sure if this is correct
$directive = new CustomSingleDirective('my_directive', 'param');
echo $directive; // my_directive param;

Base classes SingleDirective and BlockDirective are used as parent for specific directive classes.

Block directive context

BlockDirective has the public property $context.

$block = new CustomBlockDirective('block');
$block->append('two'); // alias for $block->context->append()


block {

There are $topContext and $mainContext (protected) also. They are appended to $context automatically. Usually it is enough to use $context only.

But a specific directive class should write its content to the $mainContext. If the user want to add custom directives they can use $context->appned() (append to the bottom) or $topContext->append().

Disable directive

All directive objects is enabled by default. But can be disabled and will not be displayed.

  • isEnabled(): bool
  • enable(): void
  • disable(): void


All directive and context objects have the public property comment.

$directive = new CustomSingleDirective('name');
$directive->comment->set('It is directive');


# It is directive

set() can take:

  • string - the comment content, can be multiline
  • string[] - will be imploded
  • NULL - no comment (by default)
  • delete() is alias for set(null)

Can set comment for a block directive and for its context:

$block = new CustomBlockDirective('block');
$block->comment->set('It is directive');
$block->context->comment->set('It is context');


# It is directive
block {
    # It is context


All BaseItem implement __toString(), but there are nuances:

  • There may be trailing spaces
  • Tabs are used for indentation (one tab per nested level)
  • "\n" for line breaks

For formatting on the top level can be used render() method. Arguments:

  • $indent (string, 4 spaces by default) - replaces tabs
  • $clear (bool, FALSE by default) - deletes comment lines and empty lines
  • $rtrim (bool, TRUE by default) - deletes tailing spaces, empty lines at the end and ends the file by one blank line
  • $nl (string, "\n" by default) - line break symbol