## atoum/atoum

Simple modern and intuitive unit testing framework for PHP 5.3+

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3.0.0 2017-02-22 13:05 UTC

# atoum

## A simple, modern and intuitive unit testing framework for PHP!

Just like SimpleTest or PHPUnit, atoum is a unit testing framework specific to the PHP language. However, it has been designed from the start with the following ideas in mind:

• Can be implemented rapidly,
• Simplify test development,
• Allow for writing reliable, readable, and clear unit tests.

To accomplish that, it massively uses capabilities provided by PHP, to give the developer a whole new way of writing unit tests. Therefore, it can be installed and integrated into an existing project extremely easily, since it is only a single PHAR archive, which is the one and only entry point for the developer. Also, thanks to its fluent interface, it allows for writing unit tests in a fashion close to natural language. It also makes it easier to implement stubbing within tests, thanks to intelligent uses of anonymous functions and closures. atoum natively, and by default, performs the execution of each unit test within a separate PHP process, to warrant isolation. Of course, it can be used seamlessly for continuous integration, and given its design, it can be made to cope with specific needs extremely easily. atoum also accomplishes all of this without affecting performance, since it has been developed to boast a reduced memory footprint while allowing for hastened test execution. It can also generate unit test execution reports in the Xunit format, which makes it compatible with continuous integration tools such as Jenkins. atoum also generates code coverage reports, in order to make it possible to supervise unit tests. Finally, even though it is developed mainly on UNIX, it can also work on Windows.

## Why atoum?

• atoum is really easy to install: clone it from github, download its PHAR or simply use composer,
• atoum provides a high level of security during test execution by isolating each test method in its own PHP process. Of course, this feature is available out of the box, no need to install any additional extension,
• atoum runs tests in a parallelized environment making the suite run as fast as possible by taking advantage of today's multi-core CPUs,
• atoum provides a full-featured set of natural and expressive assertions making tests as readable as possible. Here is an example:
<?php

$this ->integer(150) ->isGreaterThan(100) ->isLowerThanOrEqualTo(200) ; • atoum supports a BDD-like syntax with a lot of structural keywords: <?php$this
->given($testedInstance = new testedClass()) ->and($testedClass[] = $firstValue = uniqid()) ->then ->sizeof($testedInstance)->isEqualTo(1)
->string($testedClass[0])->isEqualTo($firstValue)
;
• atoum provides a dead simple, yet very powerful, mock engine:
<?php

$this ->given($testedInstance = new testedClass())
->and($aMock = new \mock\foo\bar()) // here a mock of the class \foo\bar is created dynamically ->and($this->calling($aMock)->doOtherThing = true) // each call to doOtherThing() by the instance will return true ->and($testedInstance->setDependency($aMock)) ->then ->boolean($testedInstance->doSomething())->isTrue()
->mock($aMock) ->call('doOtherThing')->withArguments($testedInstance)->once() // Asserts that the doOtherThing() method of $aMock was called once ; • atoum provides a clear API to assert on exceptions: <?php$this
->given($testedInstance = new testedClass()) ->and($aMock = new \mock\foo\bar()) // here a mock of the class \foo\bar is created dynamically
->and($this->calling($aMock)->doOtherThing->throw = $exception = new \exception()) // Call to doOtherThing() will throw an exception ->and($testedInstance->setDependency($aMock)) ->then ->exception(function() use ($testedInstance) { $testedInstance->doSomething(); }) ->isIdenticalTo($exception)
;
• atoum also lets you mock native PHP functions. Again, this is available out of the box:
<?php

$this ->given($this->function->session_start = false)
->and($session = new testedClass()) ->then ->exception(function () use ($session) { $session->start(); }) ->isInstanceOf('project\namespace\exception') ->hasMessage('Unable to start session') ->function('session_start')->wasCalled()->once() ; • atoum is able to produce several reports like TAP, clover, xUnit to be easily integrated with Jenkins or any other continuous integration tool, • atoum supports data providers, • atoum tests support autorun: just include the atoum runner and launch your test using php path/to/test/file.php, • atoum's configuration file is exclusively written in PHP (no XML, YAML or any other format) giving you the best flexibility: <?php$script->addDefaultArguments('--test-it', '-ncc');

$runner->addTestsFromDirectory(__DIR__ . '/tests/units/classes');$testGenerator = new mageekguy\atoum\test\generator();
$testGenerator ->setTestClassesDirectory(__DIR__ . '/tests/units/classes'); ->setTestClassNamespace('mageekguy\atoum\tests\units'); ->setTestedClassesDirectory(__DIR__ . '/classes'); ->setTestedClassNamespace('mageekguy\atoum') ->setRunnerPath(__DIR__ . '/scripts/runner.php') ;$runner->setTestGenerator($testGenerator); • atoum provides an automatic test template generator, • atoum provides a loop mode to easily retrigger failed tests, • atoum is full of other interesting features that you will discover over the time. ## Prerequisites to use atoum atoum absolutely requires PHP >= 5.6.0 or later to work. On UNIX, in order to check whether you have the right PHP version, you just need to run the following command in your terminal:$ php -v | grep -oE 'php 5\.3\.(?:[3-9]|[1-9][0-9])|5\.[4-6]\.[0-9]+|[5-7]\.[0-9]+\.[0-9]+'

If PHP 5.6.x or equivalent gets displayed, then you have the right PHP version installed. Should you want to use atoum using its PHAR archive, you also need PHP to be able to access the phar module, which is normally available by default. On UNIX, in order to check whether you have this module or not, you just need to run the following command in your terminal:

$php -m | grep -i phar If Phar or equivalent gets displayed, then the module is properly installed. Generating reports in the Xunit format requires the xml module. On UNIX, in order to check whether you have this module or not, you just need to run the following command in your terminal:$ php -m | grep -i xml

If Xml or equivalent gets displayed, then the module is properly installed. Should you wish to monitor the coverage rate of your code by the unit tests, the Xdebug 2.3 module will be required. On UNIX, in order to check whether you have this module or not, you just need to run the following command in your terminal:

### Step 2: Write your tests

Using your preferred text editor, create the file path/to/project/tests/units/helloWorld.php and add the following code:

<?php

namespace vendor\project\tests\units;

require_once 'path/to/atoum.phar';

include_once 'path/to/project/classes/helloWorld.php';

use mageekguy\atoum;
use vendor\project;

class helloWorld extends atoum\test
{
public function testSay()
{
$helloWorld = new project\helloWorld();$this->string($helloWorld->say())->isEqualTo('Hello World!'); } } ### Step 3: Run your test with the command line Launch your terminal and run the following command:$ php path/to/test/file[enter]

You should get the following result or something equivalent:

> atoum version XXX by Frédéric Hardy.
Error: Unattended exception: Tested class 'vendor\project\helloWorld' does not exist for test class 'vendor\project\tests\units\helloWorld'

### Step 4: Write the class corresponding to your test

Using again your preferred text editor, create the file path/to/project/classes/helloWorld.php and add the following code:

<?php

namespace vendor\project;

class helloWorld
{
public function say()
{
return 'Hello World!';
}
}

### Step 5: Run your test once more

In the same terminal, run the following command once again:

$php path/to/test/file[enter] You should get the following result, or something equivalent: > atoum version 288 by Frédéric Hardy. > Run vendor\project\tests\units\helloWorld... [S___________________________________________________________][1/1] => Test duration: 0.00 second. => Memory usage: 0.25 Mb. > Total test duration: 0.00 second. > Total test memory usage: 0.25 Mb. > Code coverage value: 100.00% > Running duration: 0.08 second. > Success (1 test, 1 method, 2 assertions, 0 error, 0 exception)! ### Step 6: Complete your tests and restart the cycle from Step 3 <?php namespace vendor\project\tests\units; require_once 'path/to/atoum.phar'; include_once 'path/to/project/classes/helloWorld.php'; use mageekguy\atoum; use vendor\project; class helloWorld extends atoum\test { public function test__construct() {$helloWorld = new project\helloWorld();

$this ->string($helloWorld->say())->isEqualTo('Hello!')
->string($helloWorld->say($name = 'Frédéric Hardy'))->isEqualTo('Hello ' . $name . '!') ; } } ## To go further atoum's documentation is still being written. Any help to improve it will be appreciated. However, if you want to further explore immediately atoum's possibilities, we recommend: • Running in your terminal, either the command php atoum.phar -h, or the command php scripts/runner.php -h, • Exploring the contents of the configurations directory in atoum's source, as it contains configuration file samples, • Exploring the contents of the tests/unit/classes directory in atoum's source, as it contains all of the unit tests, • Read the (french) conference slides about it, available online, • Read the (french) wiki, • Join the IRC channel ##atoum on the Freenode network, • Ask questions by e-mail at the address support[AT]atoum(DOT)org. ## Troubleshooting ### atoum's PHAR archive seems to not be working In this case, the first thing you will want to do is confirm whether you have the latest version of the archive. You just need to download it again. If it still doesn't work, run the following command in a terminal window:$ php -n atoum.phar -v

If you get atoum's version number, then the problem is coming from your PHP configuration. In most cases, the cause would be within extensions, that might be incompatible with the PHAR format, or that would prevent executing PHAR archives as a security measure. The ioncube extension for instance seems incompatible with PHAR archives, and you must, therefore, deactivate it if you are using it, by commenting the following line out of your php.ini, by prefixing it with the ; character:

The suhosin extension prevents executing PHAR archives, therefore its default configuration must be modified in order to be able to use atoum, by adding the following line in your php.ini file:

suhosin.executor.include.whitelist="phar"

Finally, if running atoum causes the screen to display characters looking like ???%, this would be because the detect_unicode directive inside your php.ini file is set to 1. To fix the problem, you just need to set it to 0 by editing your php.ini file or by running atoum with the following command:

\$ php -d detect_unicode=0 atoum.phar [options]

If these three operations do not allow atoum to work, we suggest you send an e-mail to the address support[AT]atoum(DOT)org, describing in detail your configuration and your problem. You can also ask for help from the atoum development staff on the IRC channel ##atoum on the Freenode network.

### Error: Constant __COMPILER_HALT_OFFSET__ already defined /path/to/atoum.phar

This error comes from the fact the atoum PHAR archive is included in more than one place within your code using include or require. To fix this problem, you just need to include the archive by using only include_once or require_once, in order to ensure it is not included several times.

### APC seems not work with atoum

APC is a free, open, and robust framework for caching and optimizing PHP intermediate code distributed under the form of a PHP extension. When testing classes that use APC, you may get some failure message showing that apc_fetch function is unable to retrieve a value. As all PHP extension, APC has some configuration options to enable it:

• apc.enabled whether to enable or disable APC,
• apc.enable_cli, whether to enable or disable APC for PHP CLI.

In order to use APC with atoum, you have to set apc.enabled and apc.enable_cli to 1, otherwise, it won't be enabled for the PHP CLI version, which is used by atoum.

### Getting segfault when mocking objects

When using atoum and mocking objects, you will sometime get segfaults coming from PHP. These segfaults are caused by XDebug in version less than 2.1.0 which has problem handling reflection in some cases. To check the current version of XDebug, you can run php -v. To fix this issue, you have to update XDebug to the latest stable version. If you can't update XDebug on your system, you can still disable the extension to avoid getting segfaults. To be sure that XDebug has been successfully updated or disabled, you can run php -v. When you are done updating or disabling XDebug, run php atoum.phar --test-it to be sure that all the segfaults have gone and that atoum is working.