alex-patterson-webdev/event-dispatcher

Simple implementation of the PSR-14 event dispatcher

2.0.0 2022-03-18 19:51 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2022-06-18 20:25:41 UTC


README

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Arp\EventDispatcher

About

An implementation of the PSR-14 Event Dispatcher.

Installation

Installation via composer.

require alex-patterson-webdev/event-dispatcher ^1

Usage

Dispatching events

The Arp\EventDispatcher\EventDispatcher class is responsible for executing the event listeners for any given event instance. The event dispatcher requires a Arp\EventDispatcher\Listener\ListenerProvider instance as a single dependency. The ListenerProvider contains all the event listeners that can be dispatched.

use Arp\EventDispatcher\EventDispatcher;
use Arp\EventDispatcher\Listener\ListenerProvider;

$listenerProvider = new ListenerProvider();
$dispatcher = new EventDispatcher($listenerProvider);

The call to EventDispatcher::dispatch() will loop through the registered event listeners from the provider. Any listeners that match $event will be executed using the configured priority order.

$dispatcher->dispatch(new \My\Event\Foo());

Any object can be used as an event; by default an internal EventNameResolver instance will return the fully qualified class name of the object to use as the event name. See the 'Event Name Resolver' section for more configuration options.

Event Listener Registration

The Arp\EventDispatcher\Listener\ListenerProvider is an implementation of the Psr\EventDispatcher\ListenerProviderInterface. The class has been designed to store and 'provide' an iterable collection of event listeners for a given event object. The ListenerProvider also implements interface Arp\EventDispatcher\Listener\AddListenerAwareInterface which exposes public methods which allow for the registration of event listeners.

We can register any PHP callable data type directly using the ListenerProvider::addListenerForEvent() method.

For example :

use Arp\EventDispatcher\Listener\ListenerProvider;
use My\Event\Foo;

$listenerProvider = new ListenerProvider();

$event = new Foo();
$listener = static function (Foo $event) {
    echo 'The My\Event\Foo event was dispatched' . PHP_EOL;
};

$listenerProvider->addListenerForEvent($event, $listener);

We can also attach an array of listeners with the addListenersForEvent() method.

$listeners = [
    new class() {
        public function __invoke(Foo $event): void {
            echo 'Listener 1' . PHP_EOL;
        }
    },
    static function (Foo $event) {
        echo 'Listener 2' . PHP_EOL;
    },
];

$listenerProvider->addListenersForEvent($event, $listeners);

We are able to then retrieve these event listeners by calling $listenerProvider->getListenersForEvent($event);. The result is an instance of Arp\EventDispatcher\Listener\ListenerCollectionInterface, which contains the event listeners that were added.

/** @var ListenerCollectionInterface $listenerCollection */
$listenerCollection = $listenerProvider->getListenersForEvent($event);

Adding Listeners via the Event Dispatcher

For convenience, the EventDispatcher class also implements Arp\EventDispatcher\Listener\AddListenerAwareInterface. This provides public methods to add event listeners to collections of the listener provider after it has been passed to the EventDispatcher.

Internally calls to addListenerForEvent() and addListenersForEvent() will proxy to the internal listener provider.

use Arp\EventDispatcher\EventDispatcher;
use Arp\EventDispatcher\Listener\ListenerProvider;

$dispatcher = new EventDispatcher(new ListenerProvider());

$listener1 = static function (Foo $event) {
    echo 'Event Listener 1' . PHP_EOL;
};
$listener2 = static function (Foo $event) {
    echo 'Event Listener 2' . PHP_EOL;
};

$dispatcher->addListenerForEvent($event, $listener1);
$dispatcher->addListenerForEvent($event, $listener2);

$dispatcher->dispatch(new My\Event\Foo());

Immutable Event Dispatcher

If you do not want the collection of event listeners to be modified after being passed to the EventDispatcher you can use the provided Arp\EventDispatcher\ImmutableEventDispatcher. This event dispatcher implementation does not expose any methods that can change the initial listener provider.

Listener Priority

Internally the ListenerProvider will keep an iterable priority queue of all the listeners for each event you provide.

The $priority argument allows the ordering of each listener. Higher priority listeners will execute before lower priority listeners. If two or more listeners share the same priority, they will respect the order in which they were added.

use My\Event\Foo;
use Arp\EventDispatcher\Listener\ListenerProvider;

$event = new Foo();

$listener1 = static function (Foo $event) {
    echo 'Listener 1' . PHP_EOL;
};
$listener2 = static function (Foo $event) {
    echo 'Listener 2' . PHP_EOL;
};

$listenerProvider->addListenerForEvent($event, $listener1, -100);
$listenerProvider->addListenerForEvent($event, $listener2, 100);

$eventDispatcher->dispatch($event);

// Listener 2
// Listener 1

The Event Name Resolver

By default, the EventNameResolver will use the fully qualified class name of the event object as the name of the event that will be dispatched. There may however be times when you would like to provide the name of the event as a property of the event object. This can be achieved by implementing Arp\EventDispacther\Resolver\EventNameAwareInterface on your event class or using the default Arp\EventDispacther\NamedEvent.

When an object that implements EventNameAwareInterface is passed to the EventNameResolver the provider will return the value of getEventName().

use Arp\EventDispatcher\Event\NamedEvent;

// Dispatch the 'foo' event
$eventDispatcher->dispatch(new NamedEvent('foo'));

Event Propagation

In accordance with the PSR, if provided with a Psr\EventDispatcher\StoppableEventInterface event instance the dispatcher will respect the result of the call isPropagationStopped(). If set to true the event dispatcher will be prevented from executing any further listeners.

Unit Tests

PHP Unit test using PHPUnit.

php vendor/bin/phpunit