A PEG parser for PHP

dev-master 2016-08-10 18:26 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2024-06-10 03:30:30 UTC


PEG is a generic PEG parser written in PHP. This parser allows you to write parsers using the Parsing Expression Grammar.


Install PEG using Composer:

$ composer require wouterj/peg


Use the Grammar class to specify the Parsing Expression Grammar by creating Definition instances:

use WouterJ\Peg\Grammar;
use WouterJ\Peg\Definition;

// specifies that Float is the main definition
$grammar = new Grammar('Float', [
    // matches any Digits (next definition), followed by a . (dot) and any Digits
    new Definition('Float', ['sequence', [
        ['identifier', 'Digits'],
        ['literal', '.'],
        ['identifier', 'Digits'],

    // matches any Digit (next definition) one or more times
    new Definition('Digits', ['repeat', ['identifier', 'Digit'], 1]),

    // matches 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9
    new Definition('Digit', ['characterClass', '0-9']),

Use Grammar#parse() to parse input strings using this grammar. The return value is the part of the string that matched or null when there is no match:

// ...

echo $grammar->parse('1.2'); // 1.2
echo $grammar->parse('1039.50'); // 1039.50
echo $grammar->parse('abc'); // NULL

// please note that it doesn't have to match the full string
echo $grammar->parse('1.2a'); // 1.2

Using the PEG syntax

Of course, using arrays to define the grammar is really ugly. This is why PEG comes with PegGrammar, a parser that is able to parse PEG syntax. It returns a ready to use grammar instance using the parsed grammar.

use WouterJ\Peg\PegGrammar;

$pegGrammar = new PegGrammar();

// our float parser (equal to the previous one)
$grammar = $pegGrammar->parse(<<<EOG
Float  <- Digits '.' Digits
Digits <- Digit+
Digit  <- [0-9]

$grammar->parse('1039.50'); // 1039.50

For information about the PEG syntax, see Parsing Expression Grammars: A Recognition-Based Syntactic Foundation by Bryan Ford.


The project is released under the BSD-3 Clause license. For the full copyright and license information, please view the LICENSE file that was distributed with this source code.


Whether it's just a reference, online high-five, bug report or feature proposal, all contributions are welcome. The main project is located at GitHub.