windwalker/router

Windwalker Router package

Installs: 3 357

Dependents: 1

Suggesters: 0

Stars: 1

Watchers: 3

Forks: 0

Open Issues: 0

Type:windwalker-package

3.4.9 2018-12-02 04:59 UTC

README

Installation via Composer

Add this to the require block in your composer.json.

{
    "require": {
        "windwalker/router": "~3.0"
    }
}

Getting Started

use Windwalker\Router\Router;

$router = new Router;

Add Routes

use Windwalker\Route\Route;

// Route with name
$router->addRoute(new Route('sakura', 'flower/(id)/sakura', array('_controller' => 'SakuraController')));

// Route without name
$router->addRoute(new Route(null, 'flower/(id)/sakura', array('_controller' => 'SakuraController')));

Match Route

$route = $router->match('flower/12/sakura');

$variables = $route->getVariables(); // Array([_controller] => SakuraController)

// Use variables
$class = $variables['_controller'];

$controller = new $class;

Add More Options to Route

Route interface: '($name, $pattern[, $variables = array()][, $allowMethods = array()][, $options = array()])'

$route = new Route(
    'name',
    'pattern/of/route/(id).(format)',

    // Default Variables
    array(
        'id'    => 1,
        'alias' => 'foo-bar-baz',
        'format' => 'html'
    ),

    // Allow methods
    array('GET', 'POST'),

    // Options
    array(
        'host'    => 'windwalker.io',
        'scheme'  => 'http', // Only http & https
        'port'    => 80,
        'sslPort' => 443,
        'requirements' => array(
            'id' => '\d+'
        ),
        'extra' => array(
            '_ctrl' => 'Controller\Class\Name',
        )
    )
);

$router->addRoute($route);

// match routes
$route = $router->match(
    'pattern/of/route/25.html',
    array(
        'host'   => $uri->getHost(),
        'scheme' => $uri->getScheme(),
        'port'   => $uri->getPort()
    )
);

$variables = $route->getVariables();

// Merge these matched variables back to http request
$_REQUEST = array_merge($_REQUEST, $variables);

// Extra is the optional variables but we won't want to merge into request
$extra = $router->getExtra();

print_r($variables);
print_r($extra);

The printed result:

Array
(
    [id] => 25
    [alias] => foo-bar-baz
    [format] => html
)

Array(
    [_ctrl] => Controller\Class\Name
)

Build Route

build() is a method to generate route uri for view template.

$router->addRoute(new Route('sakura', 'flower/(id)/sakura', array('_controller' => 'SakuraController')));

$uri = $router->build('sakura', array('id' => 30)); // flower/30/sakura

echo '<a href="' . $uri . '">Link</a>';

Quick Mapping

addMap() is a simple method to quick add route without complex options.

$router->addMap('flower/(id)/sakura', array('_controller' => 'SakuraController', 'id' => 1));

$variables = $router->match('flower/30/sakura');

Rules

Simple Params

new Route(null, 'flower/(id)-(alias)');

Optional Params

Single Optional Params

new Route(null, 'flower(/id)');

Matched route could be:

flower
flower/25

Multiple Optional Params

new Route(null, 'flower(/year,month,day)');

Matched route could be:

flower
flower/2014
flower/2014/10
flower/2014/10/12

The matched variables will be

Array
(
    [year] => 2014
    [month] => 10
    [day] => 12
)

Wildcards

// Match 'king/john/troilus/and/cressida'
new Route(null, 'flower/(*tags)');

Matched:

Array
(
    [tags] => Array
    (
        [0] => john
        [1] => troilus
        [2] => and
        [3] => cressida
    )
)

Matchers

Windwalker Router provides some matchers to use different way to match routes.

Sequential Matcher

Sequential Matcher use the Sequential Search Method to find route. It is the slowest matcher but much more customizable. It is the default matcher of Windwalker Router.

use Windwalker\Router\Matcher\SequentialMatcher;

$router = new Router(array(), new SequentialMatcher);

Binary Matcher

Binary Matcher use the Binary Search Algorithm to find route. This matcher is faster than SequentialMatcher but it will break the ordering of your routes. Binary search will re-sort all routes by pattern characters.

use Windwalker\Router\Matcher\BinaryMatcher;

$router = new Router(array(), new BinaryMatcher);

Trie Matcher

Trie Matcher use the Trie tree to search route. This matcher is the fastest method of Windwalker Router, but the limit is that it need to use an simpler route pattern which is not as flexible as the other two matchers.

use Windwalker\Router\Matcher\TrieMatcher;

$router = new Router(array(), new TrieMatcher);

Rules of TrieMatcher

Simple Params

only match when the uri segments all exists. If you want to use optional segments, you must add two or more patterns.

flower
flower/:id
flower/:id/:alias

Wildcards

This pattern will convert segments after flower/ this to an array which named tags:

flower/*tags

Single Action Router

Single action router is a simple router that extends Windwalker Router. It just return a string if matched.

This is a single action controller example:

$router->addMap('flower/(id)/(alias)', 'FlowerController');

$controller = $router->match('flower/25/sakura');

$_REQUEST = array_merge($_REQUEST, $router->getVariables());

echo (new $controller)->execute();

Or a controller with action name:

$router->addMap('flower/(id)/(alias)', 'FlowerController::indexAction');

$matched = $router->match('flower/25/sakura');

$_REQUEST = array_merge($_REQUEST, $router->getVariables());

list($controller, $action) = explode('::', $matched);

echo (new $controller)->$action();

RestRouter

RestRouter is a simple router extends to SingleActionRouter, it can add some suffix of different methods.

$router->addMap('flower/(id)/(alias)', 'Flower\\Controller\\');

$controller = $router->match('flower/25/sakura', 'POST'); // Get Flower\\Controller\\Create

(new $controller)->execute();

Default Suffix mapping is:

'GET'     => 'Get',
'POST'    => 'Create',
'PUT'     => 'Update',
'PATCH'   => 'Update',
'DELETE'  => 'Delete',
'HEAD'    => 'Head',
'OPTIONS' => 'Options'

You can override it:

$router->setHttpMethodSuffix('POST', 'SaveController');

Exception

If Router not matched anything, it throws Windwalker\Router\Exception\RouteNotFoundException.

try
{
    $route = $router->match('flower/25');
}
catch (RouteNotFoundException $e)
{
    Application::close('Page not found', 404);
    
    exit();
}
catch (\Exception $e)
{
    // Do other actions...
}