Laravel model meta storage

v1.0.1 2019-11-14 08:31 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2024-07-14 19:30:20 UTC


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Laravel Model meta storage

Easily store and access model related metadata and avoid cluttering your models table with more fields.


The package is compatible with Laravel versions 5.5, 5.6, 5.7, 5.8 and 6.


Install the package via composer:

composer require vkovic/laravel-model-meta

Run migrations to create table which will be used to store our model metadata:

php artisan migrate

Simple examples

To be able to write metadata from our model object, we'll need to add trait HasMetadata to the model we want to associate metadata with. Let's take Laravel default User model as an example:

namespace App\Models;

use Illuminate\Notifications\Notifiable;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Auth\User as Authenticatable;
use Vkovic\LaravelModelMeta\Models\Traits\HasMetadata;

class User extends Authenticatable
    use Notifiable, HasMetadata; // <= trait is added here

    // ...

Also lets assume that we already have users in our users table. We'll need a random one for the examples below:

$user = User::inRandomOrder()->first();

Let's create and retrieve some metadata for fetched user:

// Set meta value as string
$user->setMeta('foo', 'bar');

// Get meta value
$user->getMeta('foo'); // : 'bar'

// In case there is no metadata found for given key,
// we can pass default value to return
$user->getMeta('baz', 'default'); // : 'default'

Beside string, metadata can also be stored as integer, float, null, boolean or array:

$user->setMeta('age', 35);
$user->setMeta('temperature', 24.7);
$user->setMeta('value', null);
$user->setMeta('employed', true);
$user->setMeta('fruits', ['orange', 'apple']);

$user->getMeta('age'); // : 35
$user->getMeta('temperature'); // : 24.7
$user->getMeta('value'); // : null
$user->getMeta('employed'); // : true
$user->getMeta('fruits'); // : ['orange', 'apple']

We can easily check if related user meta exists without actually retrieving it from meta table:

$user->setMeta('foo', 'bar');

$user->metaExists('foo'); // : true

Counting all related user meta records is also a breeze:

$user->setMeta('a', 'one');
$user->setMeta('b', 'two');

$user->countMeta(); // : 2

If we need all user metadata, or just keys, no problem:

$user->setMeta('a', 'one');
$user->setMeta('b', 'two');
$user->setMeta('c', 'three');

// Get all metadata
$user->allMeta(); // : ['a' => 'one', 'b' => 'two', 'c' => 'three']

// Get only keys
$user->metaKeys(); // : [0 => 'a', 1 => 'b', 2 => 'c']

Also, we can remove all user meta data easily:

$user->setMeta('a', 'one');
$user->setMeta('b', 'two');
$user->setMeta('c', 'three');

// Remove meta by key

// Or array of keys
$user->removeMeta(['b', 'c']);

If, for some reason, we want to delete all meta related to this user at once, no problem:


Retrieve models through meta scopes

HasMetadata trait also provides functionality to filter models with specific meta, let's take a look at examples below:

$user->setMeta('age', 35);

// Equals operator
User::whereMeta('age', '=', 35)->get();
// or shorther
User::whereMeta('age', 35)->get();

// Comparison operators
User::whereMeta('age', '>', 18)->get();
User::whereMeta('age', '!=', 20)->get();
// or with other comparison operators (<, <=, >, >=, =, <>, !=)

// All of the examples above will return Collection of users which meet's criteria,
// in this case our $user

Beside filtering users against meta value, we can also perform filtering based on meta key:

$user->setMeta('company', 'Acme');
$anotherUser->setMeta('role', 'admin');

// Meta key

// Array of keys
User::whereHasMetaKey(['company', 'role'])->get();

// All of the examples above will return Collection of users which meet's criteria,
// in this case our $user and $anotherUser

Check if model has metadata

If you need to check if model has metadata functionality, you can implement an interface that comes with the package like:

namespace App\Models;

use Illuminate\Foundation\Auth\User as Authenticatable;
use Vkovic\LaravelModelMeta\Models\Interfaces\HasMetadataInterface;

class User extends Authenticatable implements HasMetadataInterface // <= interface is added here
    // ...

Implementing HasMetadataInterface gives us possibility to check if our model has metadata functionality implemented.

if ($model instanceof HasMetadataInterface) {
    // ... do something


If you plan to modify this Laravel package you should run tests that comes with it. Easiest way to accomplish this would be with Docker, docker-compose and phpunit.

First, we need to initialize Docker containers:

docker-compose up -d

After that, we can run tests and watch the output:

docker-compose exec app vendor/bin/phpunit

Similar packages

The package is one of three metadata packages based on the same approach:

Packages can be used separately or together. Internally they are using same table and share common logic.