Persist and manage HTTP redirections in Laravel

v1.0.2 2019-08-22 11:52 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2024-04-22 22:08:55 UTC


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Manage HTTP redirections in Laravel using database

Manage redirects using database rules. Rules are intended to be very similar to Laravel default routes, so syntax is pretty easy to comprehend.


The package is compatible with Laravel versions 5.5, 5.6, 5.7 and 5.8 and PHP versions 7.1 and 7.2


Install the package via composer:

composer require vkovic/laravel-db-redirector

Database redirector middleware needs to be added to middleware array:

// File: app/Http/Kernel.php

// ...

protected $middleware = [
    // ...

Run migrations to create table which will store redirect rules:

php artisan migrate

Usage: Simple Examples

Creating a redirect is easy. You just have to add db record via provided RedirectRule model. Default status code for redirections will be 301 (Moved Permanently).

use Vkovic\LaravelDbRedirector\Models\RedirectRule;

// ...

    'origin' => '/one/two',
    'destination' => '/three'

You can also specify another redirection status code:

    'origin' => '/one/two',
    'destination' => '/three',
    'status_code' => 307 // Temporary Redirect

You may use route parameters just like in native Laravel routes, they'll be passed down the road - from origin to destination:

    'origin' => '/one/{param}',
    'destination' => '/two/{param}'

// If we visit: "/one/foo" we will end up at "two/foo"

Optional parameters can also be used:

    'origin' => '/one/{param1?}/{param2?}',
    'destination' => '/four/{param1}/{param2}'

// If we visit: "/one" we'll end up at "/four
// If we visit: "/one/two" we'll end up at "/four/two"
// If we visit: "/one/two/three" we'll end up at "/four/two/three"

Chained redirects will also work:

    'origin' => '/one',
    'destination' => '/two'

    'origin' => '/two',
    'destination' => '/three'

    'origin' => '/three',
    'destination' => '/four'

// If we visit: "/one" we'll end up at "/four"

We also can delete the whole chain at once (3 previous redirect records in this example):


Sometimes it's possible that you'll have more than one redirection with the same destination. So it's smart to surround code with try catch block, because exception will be raised in this case:

RedirectRule::create(['origin' => '/one/two', 'destination' => '/three/four']);
RedirectRule::create(['origin' => '/three/four', 'destination' => '/five/six']);

// One more with same destination ("/five/six") as the previous one.
RedirectRule::create(['origin' => '/ten/eleven', 'destination' => '/five/six']);

try {
} catch (\Exception $e) {
    // ... handle exception

Usage: Advanced

What about order of rules execution when given url corresponds to multiple rules. Let's find out in this simple example:

RedirectRule::create(['origin' => '/one/{param}/three', 'destination' => '/four']);
RedirectRule::create(['origin' => '/{param}/two/three', 'destination' => '/five']);

// If we visit: "/one/two/three" it corresponds to both of rules above,
// so, where should we end up: "/four" or "/five" ?
// ...
// It does not have anything to do with rule order in our rules table!

To solve this problem, we need to agree on simple (and logical) rule prioritizing:

Priority 1: Rules without named parameters have top priority:

Priority 2: If rule origin have named parameters, those with less named parameters will have higher priority

Priority 3: If rule origin have same number of named parameters, those where named parameters are nearer the end of the rule string will have priority

So lets examine our previous case, we have:

  • "/one/{param}/three" => "/four"
  • "/{param}/two/three" => "/five"

In this case both rules have the same number of named params, but in the first rule "{param}" is nearer the end of the rule, so it will have priority and we'll end up at "/four".


If you plan to modify this Laravel package you should run tests that comes with it. Easiest way to accomplish this would be with Docker, docker-compose and phpunit.

First, we need to initialize Docker containers:

docker-compose up -d

After that, we can run tests and watch the output:

docker-compose exec app vendor/bin/phpunit