The Semantic Versioner for PHP

v3.0.3 2022-08-22 06:58 UTC


Ported from node-semver 1.1.2 to PHP

Build Status Scrutinizer Quality Score Latest Stable Version Total Downloads

php-semver 2.x is compatible with semver 1.0.0, and NOT with semver 2.0.0, have a look at php-semver 3.x if you require semver 2.0.0 compatibility



use vierbergenlars\SemVer\version;
use vierbergenlars\SemVer\expression;
use vierbergenlars\SemVer\SemVerException;

// Check if a version is valid
$semver = new version('1.2.3');
$semver = new version('a.b.c'); //SemVerException thrown

//Get a clean version string
$semver = new version('=v1.2.3');
$semver->getVersion(); //'1.2.3'

//Check if a version satisfies a range
$semver = new version('1.2.3');
$semver->satisfies(new expression('1.x || >=2.5.0 || 5.0.0 - 7.2.3')); //true
# OR
$range = new expression('1.x || >=2.5.0 || 5.0.0 - 7.2.3');
$range->satisfiedBy(new version('1.2.3')); //true

//Compare two versions
version::gt('1.2.3', '9.8.7'); //false
version::lt('1.2.3', '9.8.7'); //true


A version is the following things, in this order:

  • a number (Major)
  • a period
  • a number (minor)
  • a period
  • a number (patch)
  • OPTIONAL: a hyphen, followed by a number (build)
  • OPTIONAL: a collection of pretty much any non-whitespace characters (tag)

A leading "=" or "v" character is stripped off and ignored.


The ordering of versions is done using the following algorithm, given two versions and asked to find the greater of the two:

  • If the majors are numerically different, then take the one with a bigger major number. 2.3.4 > 1.3.4
  • If the minors are numerically different, then take the one with the bigger minor number. 2.3.4 > 2.2.4
  • If the patches are numerically different, then take the one with the bigger patch number. 2.3.4 > 2.3.3
  • If only one of them has a build number, then take the one with the build number. 2.3.4-0 > 2.3.4
  • If they both have build numbers, and the build numbers are numerically different, then take the one with the bigger build number. 2.3.4-10 > 2.3.4-9
  • If only one of them has a tag, then take the one without the tag. 2.3.4 > 2.3.4-beta
  • If they both have tags, then take the one with the lexicographically larger tag. 2.3.4-beta > 2.3.4-alpha
  • At this point, they're equal.


The following range styles are supported:

  • >1.2.3 Greater than a specific version.
  • <1.2.3 Less than
  • 1.2.3 - 2.3.4 := >=1.2.3 <=2.3.4
  • ~1.2.3 := >=1.2.3 <1.3.0
  • ~1.2 := >=1.2.0 <2.0.0
  • ~1 := >=1.0.0 <2.0.0
  • 1.2.x := >=1.2.0 <1.3.0
  • 1.x := >=1.0.0 <2.0.0

Ranges can be joined with either a space (which implies "and") or a || (which implies "or").


  • $version->valid(): Return the parsed version, or null if it's not valid.
  • $version->inc($type): Return the version incremented by the release type (major, minor, patch, or build), or null if an invalid release type is provided.


  • version::gt($v1, $v2): v1 > v2
  • version::gte($v1, $v2): v1 >= v2
  • version::lt($v1, $v2): v1 < v2
  • version::lte($v1, $v2): v1 <= v2
  • version::eq($v1, $v2): v1 == v2 This is true if they're logically equivalent, even if they're not the exact same string. You already know how to compare strings.
  • version::neq($v1, $v2): v1 != v2 The opposite of eq.
  • version::cmp($v1, $comparator, $v2): Pass in a comparison string, and it'll call the corresponding function above. "===" and "!==" do simple string comparison, but are included for completeness. Throws if an invalid comparison string is provided.
  • version::compare($v1, $v2): Return 0 if v1 == v2, 1 if v1 > v2, or -1 if v1 < v2. Sorts in ascending order if passed to usort()
  • version::rcompare($v1, $v2): The reverse of compare. Sorts an array of versions in descending order when passed to usort().


  • $expression->validRange(): Return the valid range or null if it's not valid
  • $version->satisfies($range): Return true if the version satisfies the range.
  • $expression->maxSatisfying($versions): Return the highest version in the array that satisfies the range, or null if none of them do.

Thanks to

All contributors (

@isaacs and other contributors to node-semver