Keep a revision history for your models without thinking, created as a package for use with Laravel

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1.40.0 2023-02-18 01:49 UTC


Revisionable for Laravel

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Wouldn't it be nice to have a revision history for any model in your project, without having to do any work for it. By simply adding the RevisionableTrait Trait to your model, you can instantly have just that, and be able to display a history similar to this:

  • Chris changed title from 'Something' to 'Something else'
  • Chris changed category from 'News' to 'Breaking news'
  • Matt changed category from 'Breaking news' to 'News'

So not only can you see a history of what happened, but who did what, so there's accountability.

Revisionable is a laravel package that allows you to keep a revision history for your models without thinking. For some background and info, see this article

Working with 3rd party Auth / Eloquent extensions

Revisionable has support for Auth powered by

(Recommended) Revisionable can also now be used as a Trait, so your models can continue to extend Eloquent, or any other class that extends Eloquent (like Ardent).


Revisionable is installable via composer, the details are on packagist, here.

Add the following to the require section of your projects composer.json file:

"venturecraft/revisionable": "1.*",

Run composer update to download the package

php composer.phar update

Open config/app.php and register the required service provider (Laravel 5.x)

'providers' => [

Publish the configuration and migrations (Laravel 5.x)

php artisan vendor:publish --provider="Venturecraft\Revisionable\RevisionableServiceProvider"

Finally, you'll also need to run migration on the package (Laravel 5.x)

php artisan migrate

For Laravel 4.x users:

php artisan migrate --package=venturecraft/revisionable

If you're going to be migrating up and down completely a lot (using migrate:refresh), one thing you can do instead is to copy the migration file from the package to your app/database folder, and change the classname from CreateRevisionsTable to something like CreateRevisionTable (without the 's', otherwise you'll get an error saying there's a duplicate class)

cp vendor/venturecraft/revisionable/src/migrations/2013_04_09_062329_create_revisions_table.php database/migrations/



The new, Trait based implementation (recommended)

Traits require PHP >= 5.4

For any model that you want to keep a revision history for, include the VentureCraft\Revisionable namespace and use the RevisionableTrait in your model, e.g.,

namespace App;

use \Venturecraft\Revisionable\RevisionableTrait;

class Article extends \Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model {
    use RevisionableTrait;

Being a trait, Revisionable can now be used with the standard Eloquent model, or any class that extends Eloquent, such as Ardent.

Legacy class based implementation

The new trait based approach is backwards compatible with existing installations of Revisionable. You can still use the below installation instructions, which essentially is extending a wrapper for the trait.

For any model that you want to keep a revision history for, include the VentureCraft\Revisionable namespace and use the RevisionableTrait in your model, e.g.,

use Venturecraft\Revisionable\Revisionable;

namespace App;

class Article extends Revisionable { }

Note: This also works with namespaced models.

Implementation notes

If needed, you can disable the revisioning by setting $revisionEnabled to false in your Model. This can be handy if you want to temporarily disable revisioning, or if you want to create your own base Model that extends Revisionable, which all of your models extend, but you want to turn Revisionable off for certain models.

namespace App;

use \Venturecraft\Revisionable\RevisionableTrait;

class Article extends \Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model {
    protected $revisionEnabled = false;

You can also disable revisioning after X many revisions have been made by setting $historyLimit to the number of revisions you want to keep before stopping revisions.

namespace App;

use \Venturecraft\Revisionable\RevisionableTrait;

class Article extends \Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model {
    protected $revisionEnabled = true;
    protected $historyLimit = 500; //Stop tracking revisions after 500 changes have been made.

In order to maintain a limit on history, but instead of stopping tracking revisions if you want to remove old revisions, you can accommodate that feature by setting $revisionCleanup.

namespace App;

use \Venturecraft\Revisionable\RevisionableTrait;

class Article extends \Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model {
    protected $revisionEnabled = true;
    protected $revisionCleanup = true; //Remove old revisions (works only when used with $historyLimit)
    protected $historyLimit = 500; //Maintain a maximum of 500 changes at any point of time, while cleaning up old revisions.

Storing Soft Deletes

By default, if your model supports soft deletes, Revisionable will store this and any restores as updates on the model.

You can choose to ignore deletes and restores by adding deleted_at to your $dontKeepRevisionOf array.

To better format the output for deleted_at entries, you can use the isEmpty formatter (see Format output for an example of this.)

Storing Force Delete

By default the Force Delete of a model is not stored as a revision.

If you want to store the Force Delete as a revision you can override this behavior by setting revisionForceDeleteEnabled to true by adding the following to your model:

protected $revisionForceDeleteEnabled = true;

In which case, the created_at field will be stored as a key with the oldValue() value equal to the model creation date and the newValue() value equal to null.

Attention! Turn on this setting carefully! Since the model saved in the revision, now does not exist, so you will not be able to get its object or its relations.

Storing Creations

By default the creation of a new model is not stored as a revision. Only subsequent changes to a model is stored.

If you want to store the creation as a revision you can override this behavior by setting revisionCreationsEnabled to true by adding the following to your model:

protected $revisionCreationsEnabled = true;

More Control

No doubt, there'll be cases where you don't want to store a revision history only for certain fields of the model, this is supported in two different ways. In your model you can either specifiy which fields you explicitly want to track and all other fields are ignored:

protected $keepRevisionOf = ['title'];

Or, you can specify which fields you explicitly don't want to track. All other fields will be tracked.

protected $dontKeepRevisionOf = ['category_id'];

The $keepRevisionOf setting takes precedence over $dontKeepRevisionOf

Storing additional fields in revisions

In some cases, you'll want additional metadata from the models in each revision. An example of this might be if you have to keep track of accounts as well as users. Simply create your own new migration to add the fields you'd like to your revision model, add them to your config/revisionable.php in an array like so:

'additional_fields' => ['account_id', 'permissions_id', 'other_id'], 

If the column exists in the model, it will be included in the revision.

Make sure that if you can't guarantee the column in every model, you make that column nullable() in your migrations.


Every time a model revision is created an event is fired. You can listen for revisionable.created,
revisionable.saved or revisionable.deleted.

// app/Providers/EventServiceProvider.php

public function boot()

    $events->listen('revisionable.*', function($model, $revisions) {
        // Do something with the revisions or the changed model. 
        dd($model, $revisions);

Format output

You can continue (and are encouraged to) use Eloquent accessors in your model to set the output of your values, see the Laravel Documentation for more information on accessors The below documentation is therefor deprecated

In cases where you want to have control over the format of the output of the values, for example a boolean field, you can set them in the $revisionFormattedFields array in your model. e.g.,

protected $revisionFormattedFields = [
    'title'      => 'string:<strong>%s</strong>',
    'public'     => 'boolean:No|Yes',
    'modified'   => 'datetime:m/d/Y g:i A',
    'deleted_at' => 'isEmpty:Active|Deleted'

You can also override the field name output using the $revisionFormattedFieldNames array in your model, e.g.,

protected $revisionFormattedFieldNames = [
    'title'      => 'Title',
    'small_name' => 'Nickname',
    'deleted_at' => 'Deleted At'

This comes into play when you output the revision field name using $revision->fieldName()


To format a string, simply prefix the value with string: and be sure to include %s (this is where the actual value will appear in the formatted response), e.g.,



Booleans by default will display as a 0 or a 1, which is pretty bland and won't mean much to the end user, so this formatter can be used to output something a bit nicer. Prefix the value with boolean: and then add your false and true options separated by a pipe, e.g.,



Analogous to "boolean", only any text or numeric values can act as a source value (often flags are stored in the database). The format allows you to specify different outputs depending on the value. Look at this as an associative array in which the key is separated from the value by a dot. Array elements are separated by a vertical line.

options:search.On the search|network.In networks


DateTime by default will display as Y-m-d H:i:s. Prefix the value with datetime: and then add your datetime format, e.g.,

datetime:m/d/Y g:i A

Is Empty

This piggy backs off boolean, but instead of testing for a true or false value, it checks if the value is either null or an empty string.


This can also accept %s if you'd like to output the value, something like the following will display 'Nothing' if the value is empty, or the actual value if something exists:


Load revision history

To load the revision history for a given model, simply call the revisionHistory method on that model, e.g.,

$article = Article::find($id);
$history = $article->revisionHistory;

Displaying history

For the most part, the revision history will hold enough information to directly output a change history, however in the cases where a foreign key is updated we need to be able to do some mapping and display something nicer than plan_id changed from 3 to 1.

To help with this, there's a few helper methods to display more insightful information, so you can display something like Chris changed plan from bronze to gold.

The above would be the result from this:

@foreach($account->revisionHistory as $history )
    <li>{{ $history->userResponsible()->first_name }} changed {{ $history->fieldName() }} from {{ $history->oldValue() }} to {{ $history->newValue() }}</li>

If you have enabled revisions of creations as well you can display it like this:

@foreach($resource->revisionHistory as $history)
  @if($history->key == 'created_at' && !$history->old_value)
    <li>{{ $history->userResponsible()->first_name }} created this resource at {{ $history->newValue() }}</li>
    <li>{{ $history->userResponsible()->first_name }} changed {{ $history->fieldName() }} from {{ $history->oldValue() }} to {{ $history->newValue() }}</li>


Returns the User that was responsible for making the revision. A user model is returned, or false if there was no user recorded.

The user model that is loaded depends on what you have set in your config/auth.php file for the model variable.


Returns the name of the field that was updated, if the field that was updated was a foreign key (at this stage, it simply looks to see if the field has the suffix of _id) then the text before _id is returned. e.g., if the field was plan_id, then plan would be returned.

Remember from above, that you can override the output of a field name with the $revisionFormattedFieldNames array in your model.


This is used when the value (old or new) is the id of a foreign key relationship.

By default, it simply returns the ID of the model that was updated. It is up to you to override this method in your own models to return something meaningful. e.g.,

use Venturecraft\Revisionable\Revisionable;

class Article extends Revisionable
    public function identifiableName()
        return $this->title;

oldValue() and newValue()

Get the value of the model before or after the update. If it was a foreign key, identifiableName() is called.

Unknown or invalid foreign keys as revisions

In cases where the old or new version of a value is a foreign key that no longer exists, or indeed was null, there are two variables that you can set in your model to control the output in these situations:

protected $revisionNullString = 'nothing';
protected $revisionUnknownString = 'unknown';


Sometimes temporarily disabling a revisionable field can come in handy, if you want to be able to save an update however don't need to keep a record of the changes.

$object->disableRevisionField('title'); // Disables title


$object->disableRevisionField(['title', 'content']); // Disables title and content


Contributions are encouraged and welcome; to keep things organised, all bugs and requests should be opened in the GitHub issues tab for the main project, at venturecraft/revisionable/issues

All pull requests should be made to the develop branch, so they can be tested before being merged into the master branch.

Having troubles?

If you're having troubles with using this package, odds on someone else has already had the same problem. Two places you can look for common answers to your problems are:

If you do prefer posting your questions to the public on StackOverflow, please use the 'revisionable' tag.