usarise/turnstile

PHP library for Turnstile, is Cloudflare’s smart CAPTCHA alternative. It can be embedded into any website without sending traffic through Cloudflare and works without showing visitors a CAPTCHA.

v0.5.2 2024-04-07 06:39 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2024-04-15 09:10:10 UTC


README

PHP Version Latest Version License Total Downloads GitHub CI

Inspired on recaptcha

Table of contents

  1. Installation
  2. Getting started
  3. Usage

Installation

composer require usarise/turnstile

Getting started

Installation symfony http client and nyholm psr7 and usarise turnstile

composer require symfony/http-client nyholm/psr7 usarise/turnstile

TurnstileExample.php

<?php

declare(strict_types=1);

require_once __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php';

use Symfony\Component\HttpClient\Psr18Client;
use Turnstile\Error\Code;
use Turnstile\Turnstile;

// Get real API keys at https://dash.cloudflare.com/?to=/:account/turnstile
$siteKey = '1x00000000000000000000AA'; // Always passes (Dummy Testing)
$secretKey = '1x0000000000000000000000000000000AA'; // Always passes (Dummy Testing)

if ($token = $_POST['cf-turnstile-response'] ?? null) {
    $turnstile = new Turnstile(
        client: new Psr18Client(),
        secretKey: $secretKey,
    );

    $response = $turnstile->verify(
        $token, // The response provided by the Turnstile client-side render on your site.
        $_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'], // With usage CloudFlare: $_SERVER['HTTP_CF_CONNECTING_IP']
    );

    if ($response->success) {
        echo 'Success!';
    } else {
        $errors = $response->errorCodes;
        var_dump($errors);
        var_dump(Code::toDescription($errors));
    }

    exit;
}
?>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8" />
  <title>Turnstile example</title>
  <script src="https://challenges.cloudflare.com/turnstile/v0/api.js" async defer></script>
</head>
<body>
<form action="" method="POST">
  <!-- The following line controls and configures the Turnstile widget. -->
  <div class="cf-turnstile" data-sitekey="<?php echo $siteKey; ?>" data-theme="light"></div>
  <!-- end. -->
  <button type="submit" value="Submit">Verify</button>
</form>
</body>
</html>

Response to string

var_dump((string) $response);

Response to array

var_dump($response->toArray());

Response object to array

var_dump($response->toArray(strict: true));

Usage Turnstile

Construct

use Turnstile\Client\Client;
use Turnstile\Turnstile;

$turnstile = new Turnstile(
    client: new Client(...),
    secretKey: 'secret key',
    idempotencyKey: 'idempotency key',
);

Simplified construct

PSR-18 Clients like php-http/discovery

$turnstile = new Turnstile(
    client: new Psr18Client(),
    secretKey: 'secret key',
    idempotencyKey: 'idempotency key',
);

Usage Client

Construct

use Turnstile\Client\Client;
use Turnstile\TurnstileInterface;

$client = new Client(
    client: ..., // implementation Psr\Http\Client\ClientInterface
    requestFactory: ..., // implementation Psr\Http\Message\RequestFactoryInterface (default: requestFactory = client)
    streamFactory: ..., // implementation Psr\Http\Message\StreamFactoryInterface (default: streamFactory = requestFactory)
    siteVerifyUrl: TurnstileInterface::SITE_VERIFY_URL, // https://challenges.cloudflare.com/turnstile/v0/siteverify (default)
);

Examples http clients

Guzzle http client

Installation
composer require guzzlehttp/guzzle
Usage
use GuzzleHttp\Client as GuzzleHttpClient;
use GuzzleHttp\Psr7\HttpFactory;
use Turnstile\Client\Client;

$client = new Client(
    new GuzzleHttpClient(),
    new HttpFactory(),
);

Symfony http client and Nyholm PSR-7

Installation symfony http client and nyholm psr7
composer require symfony/http-client nyholm/psr7
Usage
use Symfony\Component\HttpClient\Psr18Client;
use Turnstile\Client\Client;

$client = new Client(
    new Psr18Client(),
);
Simplified construct
use Symfony\Component\HttpClient\Psr18Client;

$client = new Psr18Client();

Symfony http client and Guzzle PSR-7

Installation symfony http client and guzzlehttp psr7
composer require symfony/http-client guzzlehttp/psr7
Usage
use GuzzleHttp\Psr7\HttpFactory;
use Symfony\Component\HttpClient\Psr18Client;
use Turnstile\Client\Client;

$client = new Client(
    new Psr18Client(
        responseFactory: new HttpFactory(),
    ),
);
Simplified construct
use GuzzleHttp\Psr7\HttpFactory;
use Symfony\Component\HttpClient\Psr18Client;

$client = new Psr18Client(
    responseFactory: new HttpFactory(),
);

Symfony http client and Guzzle PSR-7 and Discovery

Installation symfony http client and guzzlehttp psr7 and php http discovery
composer require symfony/http-client guzzlehttp/psr7 php-http/discovery
Usage
use Symfony\Component\HttpClient\Psr18Client;
use Turnstile\Client\Client;

$client = new Client(
    new Psr18Client(),
);
Simplified construct
use Symfony\Component\HttpClient\Psr18Client;

$client = new Psr18Client();

Curl http client and Nyholm PSR-7

Installation nyholm psr7 and php http curl client
composer require nyholm/psr7 php-http/curl-client
Usage
use Http\Client\Curl\Client as CurlClient;
use Nyholm\Psr7\Factory\Psr17Factory;
use Turnstile\Client\Client;

$psr17Factory = new Psr17Factory();

$client = new Client(
    client: new CurlClient(
        responseFactory: $psr17Factory,
        streamFactory: $psr17Factory,
    ),
    requestFactory: $psr17Factory,
);

Discovery http client

Installation php http discovery
composer require php-http/discovery
Usage
use Http\Discovery\Psr18Client;
use Turnstile\Client\Client;

$client = new Client(
    new Psr18Client(),
);
Simplified construct
use Http\Discovery\Psr18Client;

$client = new Psr18Client();

Usage secret key

Real keys

API keys at https://dash.cloudflare.com/?to=/:account/turnstile

Test keys

1x0000000000000000000000000000000AA Always passes

2x0000000000000000000000000000000AA Always fails

3x0000000000000000000000000000000AA Yields a “token already spent” error

Example

use Turnstile\Client\Client;
use Turnstile\Turnstile;

// Real API keys at https://dash.cloudflare.com/?to=/:account/turnstile
$secretKey = '1x0000000000000000000000000000000AA';

$turnstile = new Turnstile(
    client: $client,
    secretKey: $secretKey,
);

Usage idempotency key

If an application requires to retry failed requests, it must utilize the idempotency functionality.

You can do so by providing a UUID as the idempotencyKey parameter and then use $turnstile->verify(...) with the same token the required number of times.

Example with Ramsey UUID

Installation
composer require ramsey/uuid
Usage
use Ramsey\Uuid\Uuid;
use Turnstile\Client\Client;
use Turnstile\Turnstile;

$turnstile = new Turnstile(
    client: $client,
    secretKey: $secretKey, // The site’s secret key.
    idempotencyKey: (string) Uuid::uuid4(), // The UUID to be associated with the response.
);

$response = $turnstile->verify(
    $token, // The response that will be associated with the UUID (idempotencyKey)
);

if ($response->success) {
    // ...
}

$response = $turnstile->verify(
    $token, // The response associated with UUID (idempotencyKey)
);

if ($response->success) {
    // ...
}

Usage verify

Sample

$response = $turnstile->verify(
    token: $_POST['cf-turnstile-response'], // The response provided by the Turnstile client-side render on your site.
);

Remote IP

The remoteIp parameter helps to prevent abuse by ensuring the current visitor is the one who received the token.

This is currently not strictly validated.

Basic usage
$response = $turnstile->verify(
    token: $_POST['cf-turnstile-response'], // The response provided by the Turnstile client-side render on your site.
    remoteIp: $_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'], // The user’s IP address.
);
With usage CloudFlare
$response = $turnstile->verify(
    token: $_POST['cf-turnstile-response'], // The response provided by the Turnstile client-side render on your site.
    remoteIp: $_SERVER['HTTP_CF_CONNECTING_IP'], // The user’s IP address.
);

Extended

$response = $turnstile->verify(
    ...
    challengeTimeout: 300, // Number of allowed seconds after the challenge was solved.
    expectedHostname: $_SERVER['SERVER_NAME'], // Expected hostname for which the challenge was served.
    expectedAction: 'login', // Expected customer widget identifier passed to the widget on the client side.
    expectedCdata: 'sessionid-123456789', // Expected customer data passed to the widget on the client side.
);

Usage response

Success status

$response->success

Error codes

$response->errorCodes

Challenge timestamp

$response->challengeTs

Hostname

$response->hostname

Action

$response->action

Customer data

$response->cdata

To string

String with raw json data

(string) $response

To array

Decoded json data

$response->toArray()

Object to array

Array of processed json data based on properties of Response class: success, errorCodes, challengeTs, hostname, action, cdata

$response->toArray(strict: true)

Usage error codes to description

Convert error codes to a description in a suitable language (default english)

use Turnstile\Error\{Code, Description};

var_dump(
    Code::toDescription(
        codes: $response->errorCodes,
        descriptions: Description::TEXTS, // Default
    ),
);