Secure your laravel API with Google Firebase Auth and also get a full Firebase Admin SDK

1.0 2020-06-02 21:37 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2021-03-23 01:32:40 UTC


Secure your laravel API with Google Firebase Auth

Adding the Middleware to your API will ensure that access is granted only using a valid Bearer Token issued by Goggle Firebase Auth.

The main difference between this package and the package we forked it from is that we are using laravel-firebase as a dependency which in turn depends on firebase-php. Using that package instead of firebase-tokens (which is already included in firebase-php) removes the need for a service provider in this package since it is already included in laravel-firebase. Since that package depends on firebase-php, you also can use all the features that package provides.

Role middleware

This package includes optional role middleware for more granular access.


composer require sdwru/laravel-firebase-auth-plus


Publish the laravel-firebase ServiceProvider (Provider: Kreait\Laravel\Firebase\ServiceProvider) if not already done so.

php artisan vendor:publish

Configure laravel-firebase according to their instructions and also explained in the official firebase documentation at this link.

Those instructions make it sound more complicated than it is. All we need to do is generate a JSON file as follows:

  1. In the Firebase console, open Settings > Service Accounts.
  2. Click Generate New Private Key, then confirm by clicking Generate Key.
  3. Securely store the generated JSON file and add a reference to that file in your laravel .env file. The following example assumes we are storing the file in the root folder of our laravel installation. Rename it to whatever you want.

How to use

There are two ways to use this.

Method 1. Lock access without JWT token

Add the Middleware on your app/Http/Kernel.php file.


Refer to the Laravel Middleware documentation on where you can put this in your Kernel.php file and how it can be used in routes.

Method 2 (recommended) using an authentication guard.

Add the Guard to app/Providers/AuthServiceProvider.php in the boot method.

public function boot()

   $this->app['auth']->viaRequest('firebase', function ($request) {
       return app(\sdwru\LaravelFirebaseAuth\Guard::class)->user($request);

In config/auth.php set your api guard driver to firebase and the model to LaravelFirebaseAuth\User::class

    'guards' => [
        'web' => [
            'driver' => 'session',
            'provider' => 'users',

        'api' => [
            'driver' => 'firebase',
            'provider' => 'firebase',
    'providers' => [
        'users' => [
            'driver' => 'eloquent',
            'model' => App\User::class,

        'firebase' => [
            'driver' => 'firebase',
            'model' => \sdwru\LaravelFirebaseAuth\User::class,

Add authentication to api routes in routes/api.php.

Route::middleware('auth:api')->get('/user', function (Request $request) {
    return $request->user();
    //return true;

Route::middleware('auth:api')->apiResource('some_endpoint', 'API\SomeEndpointController');

Example: Retrieve uid (For method #2 only) from API UserController

namespace App\Http\Controllers\API;

use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use Illuminate\Contracts\Auth\Guard;

class UserController extends Controller
    public function foo(Request $request, Guard $guard)
        // Retrieve Firebase uid from id token via request
        $user = $request->user();
        $uid = $user->getAuthIdentifier();
        // Or, do the same thing using guard instead
        $user = $guard->user();
        $uid = $user->getAuthIdentifier();
        // Do something with the request for this user

Example: Check if logged in and retrieve firebase user object and uid (For method #2 only) from almost anywhere else inside Laravel

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Auth;

class SomeClass
  public function bar()
     //Check if logged in and retrieve user object and uid using Auth Facade
     $isLoggedIn = Auth::guard('api')->check();
     $userObject = Auth::guard('api')->user();
     $uid = Auth::guard('api')->id();
     //Alternatively, use auth() helper
     $isLoggedIn = auth('api')->check();
     $userObject = auth('api')->user();
     $uid = auth('api')->id();

Role Middleware

To use this optional feature add the following to app/Http/Kernel.php.

protected $routeMiddleware = [


'role' => \sdwru\LaravelFirebaseAuth\Middleware\Role::class,


Add role to user example

Please note, the client needs to be issued a new token for the new role to take effect. This can happen in one of 3 ways according to the documentation. The user signs in or re-authenticates, the user session gets it's ID token refreshed after an older token expires, and ID token is force refreshed by calling currentUser.getIdToken(true) on the client end in Javascript/Vue etc.


namespace App\Http\Controllers\API;

use App\Http\Controllers\Controller;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use \Kreait\Firebase\Auth;

class UserController extends Controller
  public $auth;
  public function __construct(Auth $auth)
      $this->auth = $auth;
  public function index(Request $request)
      $users = $this->auth->listUsers($defaultMaxResults = 1000, $defaultBatchSize = 1000);
      foreach ($users as $k => $v) {
          $response[$k] = $v;
      echo json_encode($response);
   public function update(Request $request, $uid)
       $this->validate($request, [
           'role' => 'present|string|max:20',
       $customAttributes = [
         'role' => $request->role,
       $updatedUser = $this->auth->setCustomUserAttributes($uid, $customAttributes);
       return $this->auth->getUser($uid);

After assigning roles, add them to routes/api.php.

// Allow any authenticated user
Route::middleware('auth:api')->apiResource('users', 'API\UserController');

// Only allow users with admin and foo roles
Route::middleware('auth:api', 'role:admin, foo')->apiResource('users', 'API\FooController');

// Allow users with admin role only
Route::middleware('auth:api', 'role:admin')->apiResource('users', 'API\AdminController');

The firebase-php sdk refers to the property where we assign roles as custom "attributes". Firebase and JWT refers to them as custom "claims". The important thing to understand is they are referring to the same thing.

Role references


Feel free to open issues and provide feedback.