pudongping/hyperf-wise-locksmith

A mutex library provider for the Hyperf framework, designed to enable serialized execution of PHP code in high-concurrency scenarios.

2.0.0 2023-08-24 05:56 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2024-03-24 07:24:39 UTC


README

Requirements | Installation | Branches or tags | Quickstart | Note | Documentation | Contributing | License

hyperf-wise-locksmith

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🔒 A mutex library provider for the Hyperf framework, designed to enable serialized execution of PHP code in high-concurrency scenarios. This library is based on pudongping/wise-locksmith.

Requirements

  • PHP >= 8.0
  • hyperf ~3.0.0

Installation

composer require pudongping/hyperf-wise-locksmith:^2.0 -vvv

Branches or tags

Branch

  • 2.2: For hyperf 2.2
  • 3.0: For hyperf 3.0

Tag

  • 1.0.x: For hyperf 2.2
  • 2.0.x: For hyperf 3.0

Quickstart

Below, an example of deducting user balances in a high-concurrency scenario will be provided to demonstrate the functionality and usage of this library.

Create the app\Controller\BalanceController.php file and write the following code:

<?php

declare(strict_types=1);

namespace App\Controller;

use Hyperf\HttpServer\Annotation\AutoController;
use App\Services\AccountBalanceService;
use Hyperf\Coroutine\Parallel;
use function \Hyperf\Support\make;

#[AutoController]
class BalanceController extends AbstractController
{

    // curl '127.0.0.1:9511/balance/consumer?type=noMutex'
    public function consumer()
    {
        $type = $this->request->input('type', 'noMutex');
        $amount = (float)$this->request->input('amount', 1);

        $parallel = new Parallel();
        $balance = make(AccountBalanceService::class);

        // 模拟 20 个并发
        for ($i = 1; $i <= 20; $i++) {
            $parallel->add(function () use ($balance, $i, $type, $amount) {
                return $balance->runLock($i, $type, $amount);
            }, $i);
        }

        $result = $parallel->wait();

        return $this->response->json($result);
    }

}

Next, create the app\Services\AccountBalanceService.php file and write the following code:

<?php

declare(strict_types=1);

namespace App\Services;

use Hyperf\Contract\StdoutLoggerInterface;
use Pudongping\HyperfWiseLocksmith\Locker;
use Pudongping\WiseLocksmith\Exception\WiseLocksmithException;
use Pudongping\WiseLocksmith\Support\Swoole\SwooleEngine;
use Throwable;

class AccountBalanceService
{

    /**
     * 用户账户初始余额
     *
     * @var float|int
     */
    private float|int $balance = 10;

    public function __construct(
        private StdoutLoggerInterface $logger,
        private Locker                $locker
    ) {
        $this->locker->setLogger($logger);
    }

    private function deductBalance(float|int $amount)
    {
        if ($this->balance >= $amount) {
            // 模拟业务处理耗时
            usleep(500 * 1000);
            $this->balance -= $amount;
        }

        return $this->balance;
    }

    /**
     * @return float
     */
    private function getBalance(): float
    {
        return $this->balance;
    }

    public function runLock(int $i, string $type, float $amount)
    {
        try {
            $start = microtime(true);

            switch ($type) {
                case 'flock':
                    $this->flock($amount);
                    break;
                case 'redisLock':
                    $this->redisLock($amount);
                    break;
                case 'redLock':
                    $this->redLock($amount);
                    break;
                case 'channelLock':
                    $this->channelLock($amount);
                    break;
                case 'noMutex':
                default:
                    $this->deductBalance($amount);
                    break;
            }

            $balance = $this->getBalance();
            $id = SwooleEngine::id();
            $cost = microtime(true) - $start;
            $this->logger->notice('[{type} {cost}] ==> [{i}<=>{id}] ==> 当前用户的余额为:{balance}', compact('type', 'i', 'balance', 'id', 'cost'));

            return $balance;
        } catch (WiseLocksmithException|Throwable $e) {
            return sprintf('Err Msg: %s ====> %s', $e, $e->getPrevious());
        }
    }

    private function flock(float $amount)
    {
        $path = BASE_PATH . '/runtime/alex.lock.cache';
        $fileHandler = fopen($path, 'a+');
        // fwrite($fileHandler, sprintf("%s - %s \r\n", 'Locked', microtime()));

        $res = $this->locker->flock($fileHandler, function () use ($amount) {
            return $this->deductBalance($amount);
        });
        return $res;
    }

    private function redisLock(float $amount)
    {
        $res = $this->locker->redisLock('redisLock', function () use ($amount) {
            return $this->deductBalance($amount);
        }, 10);
        return $res;
    }

    private function redLock(float $amount)
    {
        $res = $this->locker->redLock('redLock', function () use ($amount) {
            return $this->deductBalance($amount);
        }, 10);
        return $res;
    }

    private function channelLock(float $amount)
    {
        $res = $this->locker->channelLock('channelLock', function () use ($amount) {
            return $this->deductBalance($amount);
        });
        return $res;
    }

}

When we access the /balance/consumer?type=noMutex URL, we can observe that the user's balance goes negative, which is clearly illogical. However, when we visit the following URLs, we can see that the user's balance is not going negative, demonstrating effective protection of the accuracy of shared resources in a race condition.

  • /balance/consumer?type=flock : File lock
  • /balance/consumer?type=redisLock : Distributed lock
  • /balance/consumer?type=redLock : Redlock
  • /balance/consumer?type=channelLock : Coroutine-level mutex

Note

Regarding the use of redisLock and redLock:

  • When using redisLock, it defaults to using the first key configuration in the config/autoload/redis.php configuration file, which corresponds to the default Redis instance. You can optionally pass the fourth parameter string|null $redisPoolName to re-specify a different Redis instance as needed.
  • When using redLock, it defaults to using all the key configurations in the config/autoload/redis.php configuration file. You can optionally pass the fourth parameter ?array $redisPoolNames = null to re-specify different Redis instances as needed.

Documentation

You can find detailed documentation for pudongping/wise-locksmith.

Contributing

Bug reports (and small patches) can be submitted via the issue tracker. Forking the repository and submitting a Pull Request is preferred for substantial patches.

License

MIT, see LICENSE file.