This package is abandoned and no longer maintained. The author suggests using the zendframework/zend-diactoros package instead.

PSR HTTP Message implementations

0.14.1 2015-05-21 16:24 UTC


Abandoned! Or, rather, rebranded!

phly/http has moved to the zendframework organization as zend-diactoros (Diactoros, literally "the messenger," an epithet for Hermes).

Please use that package instead, and contribute issues and pull requests against it I have closed issues and pull requests against phly/http at this time.

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phly/http is a PHP package containing implementations of the accepted PSR-7 HTTP message interfaces, as well as a "server" implementation similar to node's http.Server.

This package exists:

  • to provide a proof-of-concept of the proposed PSR HTTP message interfaces with relation to server-side applications.
  • to provide a node-like paradigm for PHP front controllers.
  • to provide a common methodology for marshaling a request from the server environment.

Installation and Requirements

Install this library using composer:

$ composer require phly/http

phly/http has the following dependencies (which are managed by Composer):

  • psr/http-message, which defines interfaces for HTTP messages, including requests and responses. phly/http provides implementations of each of these.


Usage will differ based on whether you are writing an HTTP client, or a server-side application.

For HTTP client purposes, you will create and populate a Request instance, and the client should return a Response instance.

For server-side applications, you will create a ServerRequest instance, and populate and return a Response instance.

HTTP Clients

A client will send a request, and return a response. As a developer, you will create and populate the request, and then introspect the response. Both requests and responses are immutable; if you make changes -- e.g., by calling setter methods -- you must capture the return value, as it is a new instance.

// Create a request
$request = (new Phly\Http\Request())
    ->withUri(new Phly\Http\Uri(''))
    ->withAddedHeader('Authorization', 'Bearer ' . $token)
    ->withAddedHeader('Content-Type', 'application/json');

// OR:
$request = new Phly\Http\Request(
        'Authorization' => 'Bearer ' . $token,
        'Content-Type'  => 'application/json',

// If you want to set a non-origin-form request target, set the
// request-target explicitly:
$request = $request->withRequestTarget((string) $uri));       // absolute-form
$request = $request->withRequestTarget($uri->getAuthority()); // authority-form
$request = $request->withRequestTarget('*');                 // asterisk-form

// Once you have the instance:
$response = $client->send($request);

printf("Response status: %d (%s)\n", $response->getStatusCode(), $response->getReasonPhrase());
foreach ($response->getHeaders() as $header => $values) {
  printf("%s: %s\n", $header, implode(', ', $values));
printf("Message:\n%s\n", $response->getBody());

(Note: phly/http does NOT ship with a client implementation; the above is just an illustration of a possible implementation.)

Server-Side Applications

Server-side applications will need to marshal the incoming request based on superglobals, and will then populate and send a response.

Marshaling an incoming request

PHP contains a plethora of information about the incoming request, and keeps that information in a variety of locations. Phly\Http\ServerRequestFactory::fromGlobals() can simplify marshaling that information into a request instance.

You can call the factory method with or without the following arguments, in the following order:

  • $server, typically $_SERVER
  • $query, typically $_GET
  • $body, typically $_POST
  • $cookies, typically $_COOKIE
  • $files, typically $_FILES

The method will then return a Phly\Http\ServerRequest instance. If any argument is omitted, the associated superglobal will be used.

$request = Phly\Http\ServerRequestFactory::fromGlobals(

Manipulating the response

Use the response object to add headers and provide content for the response. Writing to the body does not create a state change in the response, so it can be done without capturing the return value. Manipulating headers does, however.

$response = new Phly\Http\Response();

// Write to the response body:
$response->getBody()->write("some content\n");

// Multiple calls to write() append:
$response->getBody()->write("more content\n"); // now "some content\nmore content\n"

// Add headers
// Note: headers do not need to be added before data is written to the body!
$response = $response
    ->withHeader('Content-Type', 'text/plain')
    ->withAddedHeader('X-Show-Something', 'something');

"Serving" an application

Phly\Http\Server mimics a portion of the API of node's http.Server class. It invokes a callback, passing it an ServerRequest, an Response, and optionally a callback to use for incomplete/unhandled requests.

You can create a server in one of three ways:

// Direct instantiation, with a callback handler, request, and response
$server = new Phly\Http\Server(
    function ($request, $response, $done) {
        $response->getBody()->write("Hello world!");

// Using the createServer factory, providing it with the various superglobals:
$server = Phly\Http\Server::createServer(
    function ($request, $response, $done) {
        $response->getBody()->write("Hello world!");

// Using the createServerFromRequest factory, and providing it a request:
$server = Phly\Http\Server::createServerfromRequest(
  function ($request, $response, $done) {
      $response->getBody()->write("Hello world!");

Server callbacks can expect up to three arguments, in the following order:

  • $request - the request object
  • $response - the response object
  • $done - an optional callback to call when complete

Once you have your server instance, you must instruct it to listen:


At this time, you can optionally provide a callback to listen(); this will be passed to the handler as the third argument ($done):

$server->listen(function ($request, $response, $error = null) {
    if (! $error) {
    // do something with the error...

Typically, the listen callback will be an error handler, and can expect to receive the request, response, and error as its arguments (though the error may be null).


Request Message

Phly\Http\Request implements Psr\Http\Message\RequestInterface, and is intended for client-side requests. It includes the following methods:

class Request
    public function __construct(
        $uri = null,
        $method = null,
        $body = 'php://memory',
        array $headers = []

    // See psr/http-message's RequestInterface for other methods

Requests are immutable. Any methods that would change state -- those prefixed with with and without -- all return a new instance with the changes requested.

ServerRequest Message

For server-side applications, Phly\Http\ServerRequest implements Psr\Http\Message\ServerRequestInterface, which provides access to the elements of an HTTP request, as well as uniform access to the various elements of incoming data. The methods included are:

class ServerRequest
    public function __construct(
        array $serverParams = [],
        array $fileParams = [],
        $uri = null,
        $method = null,
        $body = 'php://input',
        array $headers = []

    // See psr/http-message's ServerRequestInterface for other methods.

The ServerRequest is immutable. Any methods that would change state -- those prefixed with with and without -- all return a new instance with the changes requested. Server parameters are considered completely immutable, however, as they cannot be recalculated, and, rather, is a source for other values.

Response Message

Phly\Http\Response provides an implementation of Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface, an object to be used to aggregate response information for both HTTP clients and server-side applications, including headers and message body content. It includes the following:

class Response
    public function __construct(
        $body = 'php://memory',
        $statusCode = 200,
        array $headers = []

    // See psr/http-message's ResponseInterface for other methods

Like the Request and ServerRequest, responses are immutable. Any methods that would change state -- those prefixed with with and without -- all return a new instance with the changes requested.


This static class can be used to marshal a ServerRequest instance from the PHP environment. The primary entry point is Phly\Http\ServerRequestFactory::fromGlobals(array $server, array $query, array $body, array $cookies, array $files). This method will create a new ServerRequest instance with the data provided. Examples of usage are:

// Returns new ServerRequest instance, using values from superglobals:
$request = ServerRequestFactory::fromGlobals();

// or

// Returns new ServerRequest instance, using values provided (in this
// case, equivalent to the previous!)
$request = RequestFactory::fromGlobals(


Phly\Http\Uri is an implementation of Psr\Http\Message\UriInterface, and models and validates URIs. It implements __toString(), allowing it to be represented as a string and echo()'d directly. The following methods are pertinent:

class Uri
    public function __construct($uri = '');

    // See psr/http-message's UriInterface for other methods.

Like the various message objects, URIs are immutable. Any methods that would change state -- those prefixed with with and without -- all return a new instance with the changes requested.


Phly\Http\Stream is an implementation of Psr\Http\Message\StreamInterface, and provides a number of facilities around manipulating the composed PHP stream resource. The constructor accepts a stream, which may be either:

  • a stream identifier; e.g., php://input, a filename, etc.
  • a PHP stream resource

If a stream identifier is provided, an optional second parameter may be provided, the file mode by which to fopen the stream.

ServerRequest objects by default use a php://input stream set to read-only; Response objects by default use a php://memory with a mode of wb+, allowing binary read/write access.

In most cases, you will not interact with the Stream object directly.


Phly\Http\UploadedFile is an implementation of Psr\Http\Message\UploadedFileInterface, and provides abstraction around a single uploaded file, including behavior for interacting with it as a stream or moving it to a filesystem location.

In most cases, you will only use the methods defined in the UploadedFileInterface.


Phly\Http\Server represents a server capable of executing a callback. It has four methods:

class Server
    public function __construct(
        callable $callback,
        Psr\Http\Message\ServerRequestInterface $request,
        Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface $response
    public static function createServer(
        callable $callback,
        array $server,  // usually $_SERVER
        array $query,   // usually $_GET
        array $body,    // usually $_POST
        array $cookies, // usually $_COOKIE
        array $files    // usually $_FILES
    public static function createServerFromRequest(
        callable $callback,
        Psr\Http\Message\ServerRequestInterface $request,
        Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface $response = null
    public function setEmitter(Response\EmitterInterface $emitter);
    public function listen(callable $finalHandler = null);

You can create an instance of the Server using any of the constructor, createServer(), or createServerFromRequest() methods. If you wish to use the default request and response implementations, createServer($middleware, $_SERVER, $_GET, $_POST, $_COOKIE, $_FILES) is the recommended option, as this method will also marshal the ServerRequest object based on the PHP request environment. If you wish to use your own implementations, pass them to the constructor or createServerFromRequest() method (the latter will create a default Response instance if you omit it).

listen() executes the callback. If a $finalHandler is provided, it will be passed as the third argument to the $callback registered with the server.

Emitting responses

If you are using a non-SAPI PHP implementation and wish to use the Server class, or if you do not want to use the Server implementation but want to emit a response, this package provides an interface, Phly\Http\Response\EmitterInterface, defining a method emit() for emitting the response. A single implementation is currently available, Phly\Http\Response\SapiEmitter, which will use the native PHP functions header() and echo in order to emit the response. If you are using a non-SAPI implementation, you will need to create your own EmitterInterface implementation.


At times, it's useful to either create a string representation of a message (serialization), or to cast a string or stream message to an object (deserialization). This package provides features for this in Phly\Http\Request\Serializer and Phly\Http\Response\Serializer; each provides the following static methods:

  • fromString($message) will create either a Request or Response instance (based on the serializer used) from the string message.
  • fromStream(Psr\Http\Message\StreamInterface $stream) will create either a Request or Response instance (based on the serializer used) from the provided stream.
  • toString(Psr\Http\Message\RequestInterface|Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface $message) will create either a string from the provided message.

The deserialization methods (from*()) will raise exceptions if errors occur while parsing the message. The serialization methods (toString()) will raise exceptions if required data for serialization is not present in the message instance.