Statemachine in PHP 5.3

v2.0.4 2019-06-13 08:39 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2021-12-01 00:07:28 UTC


Statemachine in PHP 5.6 / PHP 7



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Quickstart examples

Once installed, let's use a sample statemachine:

require_once 'vendor/autoload.php';

use Metabor\Statemachine\Process;
use Metabor\Statemachine\State;
use Metabor\Statemachine\Statemachine;
use Metabor\Statemachine\Transition;

$closed = new State('closed');
$opened = new State('opened');

$eventOpen = 'open';
$eventClose = 'close';
$closed->addTransition(new Transition($opened, $eventOpen));
$closed->addTransition(new Transition($closed, $eventClose));
$opened->addTransition(new Transition($opened, $eventOpen));
$opened->addTransition(new Transition($closed, $eventClose));

// adding some action to events
// the parts of observing the event and executing the command are separated in this example
// normaly it could be put all together into your own command (base)class
$openCommand = new \Metabor\Callback\Callback(
        function ()
            echo 'motor is opening door' . PHP_EOL;
$observerForOpenEvent = new \Metabor\Observer\Callback($openCommand);

$closeCommand = new \Metabor\Callback\Callback(
        function ()
            echo 'motor is closing door' . PHP_EOL;
$observerForCloseEvent = new \Metabor\Observer\Callback($closeCommand);

// stateful subject that belongs to this statemachine
$subject = new stdClass();

// start process with closed status;
$initialState = $closed;
$process = new Process('process name', $initialState);

$statemachine = new Statemachine($subject, $process);

echo 'Status:' . $statemachine->getCurrentState()->getName() . PHP_EOL;

echo 'Event:' . $eventOpen . PHP_EOL;
echo 'Status:' . $statemachine->getCurrentState()->getName() . PHP_EOL;

// opening an open door would not activate the motor
echo 'Event:' . $eventOpen . PHP_EOL;
echo 'Status:' . $statemachine->getCurrentState()->getName() . PHP_EOL;

echo 'Event:' . $eventClose . PHP_EOL;
echo 'Status:' . $statemachine->getCurrentState()->getName() . PHP_EOL;


This library implements a finite-state machine in PHP 5.3.

It was first developed for a talk at a conference. The example from my talk is available on Github and Packagist as metabor/statemachine-example.

In the namespace MetaborStd are abstract types defined that are exemplified implemented in this project. If you have to implement or use a statemachine in your project, feel free to either use this libary at all or replace the parts that didn't fit your needs by using the MetaborStd Interfaces.

Process Graph Drawing

The library supports visualizing of the process graph by using clue/graph and GraphViz "Graph Visualization Software".


The recommended way to install this library is through composer. New to composer?

    "require": {
        "metabor/statemachine": "~1.2"

Optional recommendation: In order to be able to use the process graph drawing feature you'll have to install GraphViz (dot executable). Users of Debian/Ubuntu-based distributions may simply invoke sudo apt-get install graphviz, Windows users have to download GraphViZ for Windows and remaining users should install from GraphViz homepage. To use this feature you also have to add this to your composer.json:

    "require": {
        "graphp/graphviz": "*",
        "clue/graph": "*",
        "metabor/statemachine": "~1.2"

An example how to draw and display the graph, can be found in metabor/statemachine-example.


This library uses phpunit for its extensive testsuite. You can either use a global installation or rely on the one composer installs when you first run $ composer install. This sets up the developer environment, so that you can now run it from the project root directory:

$ php vendor/bin/phpunit


If you encounter any issues, please don't hesitate to drop us a line, file a bug report or even best provide us with a patch / pull request and/or unit test to reproduce your problem.

Besides directly working with the code, any additional documentation, additions to our readme or even fixing simple typos are appreciated just as well.

Any feedback and/or contribution is welcome!


Released under the terms of the permissive MIT license.