mcamara/laravel-localization

Easy localization for Laravel


README

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Easy i18n localization for Laravel, an useful tool to combine with Laravel localization classes.

The package offers the following:

  • Detect language from browser
  • Smart redirects (Save locale in session/cookie)
  • Smart routing (Define your routes only once, no matter how many languages you use)
  • Translatable Routes
  • Supports caching & testing
  • Option to hide default locale in url
  • Many snippets and helpers (like language selector)

Table of Contents

Laravel compatibility

Laravel laravel-localization
4.0.x 0.13.x
4.1.x 0.13.x
4.2.x 0.15.x
5.0.x/5.1.x 1.0.x
5.2.x-5.4.x (PHP 7 not required) 1.2.x
5.2.x-5.8.x (PHP 7 required) 1.3.x
5.2.0-6.x (PHP 7 required) 1.4.x

Installation

Install the package via composer: composer require mcamara/laravel-localization

For Laravel 5.4 and below it necessary to register the service provider.

Config Files

In order to edit the default configuration you may execute:

php artisan vendor:publish --provider="Mcamara\LaravelLocalization\LaravelLocalizationServiceProvider"

After that, config/laravellocalization.php will be created.

The configuration options are:

  • supportedLocales Langauges of your app (Default: English & Spanish).
  • useAcceptLanguageHeader If true, then automatically detect language from browser.
  • hideDefaultLocaleInURL If true, then do not show default locale in url.
  • localesOrder Sort languages in custom order.
  • localesMapping Rename url locales.
  • utf8suffix Allow changing utf8suffix for CentOS etc.
  • urlsIgnored Ignore specific urls.

Register Middleware

You may register the package middleware in the app/Http/Kernel.php file:

<?php namespace App\Http;

use Illuminate\Foundation\Http\Kernel as HttpKernel;

class Kernel extends HttpKernel {
    /**
    * The application's route middleware.
    *
    * @var array
    */
    protected $routeMiddleware = [
        /**** OTHER MIDDLEWARE ****/
        'localize'                => \Mcamara\LaravelLocalization\Middleware\LaravelLocalizationRoutes::class,
        'localizationRedirect'    => \Mcamara\LaravelLocalization\Middleware\LaravelLocalizationRedirectFilter::class,
        'localeSessionRedirect'   => \Mcamara\LaravelLocalization\Middleware\LocaleSessionRedirect::class,
        'localeCookieRedirect'    => \Mcamara\LaravelLocalization\Middleware\LocaleCookieRedirect::class,
        'localeViewPath'          => \Mcamara\LaravelLocalization\Middleware\LaravelLocalizationViewPath::class
    ];
}

Usage

Add the following to your routes file:

// routes/web.php

Route::group(['prefix' => LaravelLocalization::setLocale()], function()
{
	/** ADD ALL LOCALIZED ROUTES INSIDE THIS GROUP **/
	Route::get('/', function()
	{
		return View::make('hello');
	});

	Route::get('test',function(){
		return View::make('test');
	});
});

/** OTHER PAGES THAT SHOULD NOT BE LOCALIZED **/

Once this route group is added to the routes file, a user can access all locales added into supportedLocales (en and es by default). For example, the above route file creates the following addresses:

// Set application language to English
http://url-to-laravel/en
http://url-to-laravel/en/test

// Set application language to Spanish
http://url-to-laravel/es
http://url-to-laravel/es/test

// Set application language to English or Spanish (depending on browsers default locales)
// if nothing found set to default locale
http://url-to-laravel
http://url-to-laravel/test

The package sets your application locale App::getLocale() according to your url. The locale may then be used for Laravel's localization features.

You may add middleware to your group like this:

Route::group(
[
	'prefix' => LaravelLocalization::setLocale(),
	'middleware' => [ 'localeSessionRedirect', 'localizationRedirect', 'localeViewPath' ]
], function(){ //...
});

Recommendations

1.: It is strongly recommended to use a redirecting middleware. Urls without locale should only be used to determine browser/default locale and to redirect to the localized url. Otherwise, when search engine robots crawl for example http://url-to-laravel/test they may get different language content for each visit. Also having multiple urls for the same content creates a SEO duplicate-content issue.

2.: It is strongly recommended to localize your links, even if you use a redirect middleware. Otherwise, you will cause at least one redirect each time a user clicks on a link. Also, any action url from a post form must be localized, to prevent that it gets redirected to a get request.

Redirect Middleware

The following redirection middleware depends on the settings of hideDefaultLocaleInURL and useAcceptLanguageHeader in config/laravellocalization.php:

LocaleSessionRedirect

Whenever a locale is present in the url, it will be stored in the session by this middleware.

In there is no locale present in the url, then this middleware will check the following

  • If no locale is saved in session and useAcceptLanguageHeader is set to true, compute locale from browser and redirect to url with locale.
  • If a locale is saved in session redirect to url with locale, unless its the default locale and hideDefaultLocaleInURL is set to true.

For example, if a user navigates to http://url-to-laravel/test and en is the current locale, it would redirect him automatically to http://url-to-laravel/en/test.

LocaleCookieRedirect

Similar to LocaleSessionRedirect, but it stores value in a cookie instead of a session.

Whenever a locale is present in the url, it will be stored in the session by this middleware.

In there is no locale present in the url, then this middleware will check the following

  • If no locale is saved in cookie and useAcceptLanguageHeader is set to true, compute locale from browser and redirect to url with locale.
  • If a locale is saved in cookie redirect to url with locale, unless its the default locale and hideDefaultLocaleInURL is set to true.

For example, if a user navigates to http://url-to-laravel/test and de is the current locale, it would redirect him automatically to http://url-to-laravel/de/test.

LaravelLocalizationRedirectFilter

When the default locale is present in the url and hideDefaultLocaleInURL is set to true, then the middleware redirects to the url without locale.

For example, if es is the default locale, then http://url-to-laravel/es/test would be redirected to http://url-to-laravel/test and theApp::getLocale() would be set to es.

Helpers

This package comes with a bunch of helpers.

Localized URLs

Localized URLS taken into account route model binding when generating the localized route, aswell as the hideDefaultLocaleInURL and Translated Routes settings.

Get localized URL

    // If current locale is Spanish, it returns `/es/test`
    <a href="{{ LaravelLocalization::localizeUrl('(/test)') }}">@lang('Follow this link')</a>

Get localized URL for an specific locale

Get current URL in specific locale:

// Returns current url with English locale.
{{ LaravelLocalization::getLocalizedURL('en') }}

Get Clean routes

Returns a URL clean of any localization.

// Returns /about
{{ LaravelLocalization::getNonLocalizedURL('/es/about') }}

Get URL for an specific translation key

Returns a route, localized to the desired locale. If the translation key does not exist in the locale given, this function will return false.

// Returns /es/acerca
{{ LaravelLocalization::getURLFromRouteNameTranslated('es', 'routes.about') }}

Get Supported Locales

Return all supported locales and their properties as an array.

{{ LaravelLocalization::getSupportedLocales() }}

Get Supported Locales Custom Order

Return all supported locales but in the order specified in the configuration file. You can use this function to print locales in the language selector.

{{ LaravelLocalization::getLocalesOrder() }}

Get Supported Locales Keys

Return an array with all the keys for the supported locales.

{{ LaravelLocalization::getSupportedLanguagesKeys() }}

Get Current Locale

Return the key of the current locale.

{{ LaravelLocalization::getCurrentLocale() }}

Get Current Locale Name

Return current locale's name as string (English/Spanish/Arabic/ ..etc).

{{ LaravelLocalization::getCurrentLocaleName() }}

Get Current Locale Direction

Return current locale's direction as string (ltr/rtl).

{{ LaravelLocalization::getCurrentLocaleDirection() }}

Get Current Locale Script

Return the ISO 15924 code for the current locale script as a string; "Latn", "Cyrl", "Arab", etc.

{{ LaravelLocalization::getCurrentLocaleScript() }}

Set view-base-path to current locale

Register the middleware LaravelLocalizationViewPath to set current locale as view-base-path.

Now you can wrap your views in language-based folders like the translation files.

resources/views/en/, resources/views/fr, ...

Map your own custom lang url segments

As you can modify the supportedLocales even by renaming their keys, it is possible to use the string uk instead of en-GB to provide custom lang url segments. Of course, you need to prevent any collisions with already existing keys and should stick to the convention as long as possible. But if you are using such a custom key, you have to store your mapping to the localesMapping array. This localesMapping is needed to enable the LanguageNegotiator to correctly assign the desired locales based on HTTP Accept Language Header. Here is a quick example how to map HTTP Accept Language Header 'en-GB' to url segment 'uk':

// config/laravellocalization.php

'localesMapping' => [
	'en-GB' => 'uk'
],

After that http://url-to-laravel/en-GB/a/b/c becomes http://url-to-laravel/uk/a/b/c.

LaravelLocalization::getLocalizedURL('en-GB', 'a/b/c'); // http://url-to-laravel/uk/a/b/c
LaravelLocalization::getLocalizedURL('uk', 'a/b/c'); // http://url-to-laravel/uk/a/b/c

Creating a language selector

If you're supporting multiple locales in your project you will probably want to provide the users with a way to change language. Below is a simple example of blade template code you can use to create your own language selector.

<ul>
    @foreach(LaravelLocalization::getSupportedLocales() as $localeCode => $properties)
        <li>
            <a rel="alternate" hreflang="{{ $localeCode }}" href="{{ LaravelLocalization::getLocalizedURL($localeCode, null, [], true) }}">
                {{ $properties['native'] }}
            </a>
        </li>
    @endforeach
</ul>

Here default language will be forced in getLocalizedURL() to be present in the URL even hideDefaultLocaleInURL = true.

Note that Route Model Binding is supported.

Translated Routes

You can adapt your URLs depending on the language you want to show them. For example, http://url/en/about and http://url/es/acerca (acerca is about in spanish) or http://url/en/view/5 and http://url/es/ver/5 (view == ver in spanish) would be redirected to the same controller using the proper filter and setting up the translation files as follows:

It is necessary that the localize middleware in loaded in your Route::group middleware (See installation instruction).

In the routes file you just have to add the LaravelLocalizationRoutes filter and the LaravelLocalization::transRoute function to every route you want to translate using the translation key.

Then you have to create the translation files and add there every key you want to translate. I suggest to create a routes.php file inside your resources/lang/language_abbreviation folder. For the previous example, I have created two translations files, these two files would look like:

// resources/lang/en/routes.php
return [
	"about" 	=> 	"about",
	"view" 		=> 	"view/{id}", //we add a route parameter
	// other translated routes
];
// resources/lang/es/routes.php
return [
	"about" 	=> 	"acerca",
	"view" 		=> 	"ver/{id}", //we add a route parameter
	// other translated routes
];

Once files are saved, you can access to http://url/en/about , http://url/es/acerca , http://url/en/view/5 and http://url/es/ver/5 without any problem.

Translatable route parameters

You may use translatable slugs for your model, for example like this:

http://url/en/view/five
http://url/es/ver/cinco

For this, your model needs to implement \Mcamara\LaravelLocalization\Interfaces\LocalizedUrlRoutable. The function getLocalizedRouteKey($locale) must return for a given locale the translated slug. This is necessary so that your urls will be correctly localized.

Also, to use route-model-binding, you should overwrite the function resolveRouteBinding($value) in your model. The function should return the model that belongs to the translated slug $value. For example:

public function resolveRouteBinding($value)
{
        return static::findByLocalizedSlug($value)->first() ?? abort(404);
}

Events

You can capture the URL parameters during translation if you wish to translate them too. To do so, just create an event listener for the routes.translation event like so:

Event::listen('routes.translation', function($locale, $attributes)
{
	// Do your magic

	return $attributes;
});

Be sure to pass the locale and the attributes as parameters to the closure. You may also use Event Subscribers, see: http://laravel.com/docs/events#event-subscribers

Caching routes

To cache your routes, use:

php artisan route:trans:cache

... instead of the normal route:cache command.

For more details see here.

Common Issues

POST is not working

This may happen if you do not localize your action route that is inside your Routes::group. This may cause a redirect, which then changes the post request into a get request. To prevent that, simply use the localize helper.

For example, if you use Auth::routes() and put them into your Route::group Then

<form action="/logout" method="POST">
<button>Logout</button>
</form>

will not work. Instead, one has to use

<form action="{{  \LaravelLocalization::localizeURL('/logout') }} " method="POST">
<button>Logout</button>
</form>

MethodNotAllowedHttpException

If you do not localize your post url and use a redirect middleware, then the post request gets redirected as a get request. If you have not defined such a get route, you will cause this exception.

To localize your post url see the example in POST is not working.

Validation message is only in default locale

This also happens if you did not localize your post url. If you don't localize your post url, the default locale is set while validating, and when returning to back() it shows the validation message in default locale.

To localize your post url see the example in POST is not working.

Testing

During the test setup, the called route is not yet known. This means no language can be set. When a request is made during a test, this results in a 404 - without the prefix set the localized route does not seem to exist.

To fix this, you can use this function to manually set the language prefix:

// TestCase.php
protected function refreshApplicationWithLocale($locale)
{
    self::tearDown();
    putenv(LaravelLocalization::ENV_ROUTE_KEY . '=' . $locale);
    self::setUp();
}

protected function tearDown()
{
    putenv(LaravelLocalization::ENV_ROUTE_KEY);
    parent::tearDown();
}

// YourTest.php
public function testBasicTest()
{
    $this->refreshApplicationWithLocale('en');
    // Testing code
}

Collaborators

Ask mcamara if you want to be one of them!

Changelog

View changelog here -> changelog

License

Laravel Localization is an open-sourced laravel package licensed under the MIT license